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Moses Austin

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moved to Philadelphia in 1784 to run a dry ... Militia citizen soldiers ... Austin to a local judgeship, and he served as an officer in the local militia. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moses Austin


1
Moses Austin
  • first man to obtain permission to bring
    Anglo-American settlers into Spanish Texas

2
Moses Austin
  • born in Durham, Connecticut, on Oct. 4, 1761
  • moved to Philadelphia in 1784 to run a dry
    goods business (sold clothes, textiles, etc) with
    his brother, Stephen
  • In 1785, he married into the affluent iron mining
    family of Mary Brown

http//www.dallashistory.org/history/texas/coloniz
ation.htm
3
Austinville founded
  • Austin wanted to start his own mining company
  • 1789 - traveled to Wythe County Virginia to look
    at the lead mine site
  • Moses, his brother Stephen, and several other
    individuals built several smelters, furnaces,
    commissaries, the Jackson Ferry Shot Tower,
    blacksmith shops, liveries, and mills were
    established.

4
Iron Smelter
  • Used to extract iron from its ore (which is
    impure)

http//www.flickr.com/photos/worldwidewandering/34
7105380/
5
Jackson Ferry Shot Tower
  • Used to manufacture lead shot for shotguns and
    muzzle loading guns
  • Stands 75 feet high with a shaft 75 feet below
    ground
  • Shot needs to fall 150 feet to form a ball
  • Shot fell into a large kettle of water and was
    retrieved via a tunnel by the river

http//www.oldindustry.org/ShotTowers/Jackson_Ferr
y.html
6
Difficult times
  • The Austin's ran up debts (money owed) which
    leads to the collapse of the company
  • Moses left his brother to go to Missouri, while
    Stephen remained behind to salvage the business -
    caused a rift between the two brothers
  • The state of Virginia seized much of the property
    Moses owned

7
Potosi, Missouri founded
  • Austin took Spanish citizenship
  • moved his wife and their children, Stephen and
    Emily, to Missouri along with 30 other Anglo
    families
  • they founded the first permanent settlement in
    what is now Washington County, Missouri

http//www.flickr.com/photos/mikebitton/1848594928
/
8
Militia citizen soldiers
  • The territorial governor, appointed Austin to a
    local judgeship, and he served as an officer in
    the local militia.

http//www.flickr.com/photos/8829986_at_N04/561122580
/
9
Panic of 1819 and Financial Ruin - Again
5 Bill used in 1819
http//thebeckfamily.com/emma/panicof1819/pc.htm
  • first major financial crisis
  • property values collapsed, unemployment rose,
    banks closed
  • Austin was arrested for the nonpayment of his
    debts
  • jailed for a short time, but forced to sell his
    home and business at auction

10
Determined to start over again
  • Austin rode to San Antonio de Bexar in 1820 to
    request an empresarial grant from the Spanish
    governor

Governors palace courtyard, San Antonio
http//www.soulofthegarden.com/dailymuse0703.html
11
Help from a friend
  • The governor, Antonio María Martínez, refused to
    listen to Austin and ordered him to leave the
    territory immediately
  • While departing, Austin encountered an
    acquaintance, Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de
    Bastrop
  • using his influence, Bastrop persuaded the
    governor to approve Austins request
  • In January 1821, Austin left for Missouri with a
    grant to bring 300 families into Texas

12
Pneumonia
  • On the trip out of Texas, Moses contracted
    pneumonia from four weeks of wet and cold weather
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lung, where it
    fills with fluid making it difficult to breathe.
  • In the United States, pneumonia is the sixth most
    common disease leading to death today. 

http//medkast.libsyn.com/index.php?post_category
MedkastEpisodes
13
A Request for His Son
  • Two days before Moses Austin died, he called his
    wife to his bed. "After a considerable exertion
    to speak," she wrote her son, "he drew me down to
    him and with much distress an difficulty of
    speech, told me it was two late, that he was
    going...he beged me to tell you to take his place
    tell dear Stephen that it is his dieing fathers
    last request to prosecute the enterprise he had
    Commenced."

Stephen Fuller Austin
http//www.thebestlinks.com/Stephen_Fuller_Austin.
html
14
Internment
  • Moses Austin died on June 10, 1821, at the home
    of his daughter, Emily Bryan, and was buried in
    the Bryan family cemetery.
  • In 1831 the remains of both Moses and his wife
    were removed to a public cemetery in Potosi,
    Missouri on land they once owned.

http//www.flickr.com/photos/msabeln/2275562209/
15
Credits
  • Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http//www.tsha
    online.org/handbook/online/articles/AA/fau12.html 
    (accessed December 7, 2008).
  • Wikipedia contributors, "Moses Austin," Wikipedia,
    The Free Encyclopedia, http//en.wikipedia.org/w/
    index.php?titleMoses_Austinoldid252626041 (acce
    ssed December 7, 2008).
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