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Regional Human Development Report for Latin America and the Caribbean: Human Development and the Int

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Title: Regional Human Development Report for Latin America and the Caribbean: Human Development and the Int


1
Regional Human Development Report for Latin
America and the Caribbean Human Development
and the Inter-Generational Transmission of
Inequality
  • Luis Felipe López Calva Isidro Soloaga

2
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

3
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

4
(a) Current trends in inequality in LAC countries
  • Income inequality since the 1990s
  • Labor and non-labor income inequality
  • Regional inequality and LAC in world perspective
  • Inequality in education
  • Inequality in health
  • Inequality in infrastructure and services
  • Group-based inequalities gender
  • Group-based inequalities ethnicity/race

5
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

6
(b) A new parametric class of HDI
  • This new class includes the original HDI, as well
    as a family of distribution sensitive indices
    that satisfy all the basic properties for an
    index of human development.
  • Empirical applications at the national and
    regional levels will show the importance of
    considering inequality issues.

7
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

8
(c) To identify main determinants of the
inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • Inequality of life chances (Jacques Joseph)
  • Inequality of earnings opportunities (Jeremie)
  • Determinants of income inequality (Sergio)
  • The sociological approach (class, occupations)
    (Florencia)

9
(in preparation) Contrasting EO and HD
approaches.
  • Agency, aspirations ? outcomes
  • (Sabina Debraj Garance)
  • i) Infant mortality/morbidity
  • ii) Child labor
  • iii) Access to school
  • iv) School progress
  • v) Labor market entry characteristics for
    children and young adults

10
Model (tentative)
  • Yi is a given outcome
  • Xk a vector of family background variables
  • Al is a vector of measures for agency,
  • Gp is a vector that measures aspirations gaps
  • Surveys in 3-5 LAC countries

11
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

12
(d) To identify main binding constraints in
education, health and labor market participation
  • ECD inequities (David).
  • Inequities in cognitive development (David)
  • Health production functions (Marcelo)
  • Education production functions (TBD). Education
    quality issues (Miguel).

13
(in preparation)
  • (a ) Ravi Kanburs paper on a framework for
    analyzing binding constraints (HRV)
  • (b) Call for research proposals to estimate in
    LAC countries (deadline, August 31,08)
  • Health production functions
  • Education production functions

14
Objectives
  • (a) To document current trends of inequality in
    human development
  • (b) To develop a distribution sensitive class of
    human development indices
  • (c) To identify main determinants of the
    inter-generational transmission of inequality
  • (d) To identify main binding constraints in
    education, health and labor market participation
  • (e) To assess the political economy outcomes
    derived from the persistent inequality levels in
    LAC.
  • The guiding principles of the report are its
    pertinence, analytical rigor, and specific policy
    relevance.

15
(e) To assess the political economy outcomes
derived from the persistent inequality levels in
LAC
16
Next steps
  • Selecion of research proposals (Sept. 15th)
  • Preparation for LACEA Meetings (end of November,
    Rio de Janeiro)
  • Your final papers
  • Framework for new papers
  • Surveys in 3-5 LAC countries.
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