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Jacksonian Era

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... against the tariff and threatened to nullify the tariff ... passes Tariff of ... threatens to Nullify the tariff claiming state's rights over federal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian Era


1
Jacksonian Era
  • Rise and Fall of Andrew Jackson

2
Voting requirements before and after Jacksons
Election
3
(No Transcript)
4
Jackson Runs for President 1824
Portrayed as the Common Man And someone who would
defend the Interests of the common people
5
Jackson Loses the Election of 1824
  • A Corrupt Bargain
  • End of Era of Good Feelings
  • Democrats split from the Republicans

6
Election of 1828
  • Issues
  • Personal Attacks on Rachel Jackson
  • Claims that she was a bigmist
  • Jackson forgives people who attack him but never
    those who attack his wife
  • She dies two weeks before the innauguration

7
Jackson wins Election 1828
  • Reasons
  • Universal white manhood suiffrage all white
    males can vote
  • He appealed to more people
  • John Q Adams was an inneffective leader

8
Jacksons Inaugural Ball
9
Jacksons Acts as President
  • Spoils System
  • Indian Removal Act
  • Kill the National Bank
  • Settle the Nullification Crisis

10
Spoils System
  • Jackson wanted to make his job easier
  • Rewarded supporters with key jobs in the
    government (PATRONAGE)
  • Not qualified for these jobs
  • Created a Kitchen Cabinet secret group of
    advisor friends outside the official cabinet

11
Worcester v Georgia (1832)
  • State of Georgia tried to make laws on Cherokee
    Indian Territory
  • Supreme Court says that federal property cannot
    be governed by state laws
  • Andrew Jackson refuses to make Georgia follow the
    rules

12
Indian Removal Act
  • Farm technology improved and American moved
    westward to find farmland
  • Indians were in the war, so Jackson removed them
  • Act allowed the Federal Army to forcibly remove 5
    civilized tribes and relocate them across the
    Mississippi River

13
Andrew Jacksons Trail of Tears
14
Jackson Kills the National Bank
  • Arguments against bank
  • Paper money is unstable
  • Banks should not issue bank notes (IOUs)
  • People speculate (gamble) too much with loans

15
Killing the Bank
  • PET BANKS
  • Takes federal money out of National Bank and puts
    it into small state banks
  • Federal Bank now has no money in it
  • Jackson vetoes the bank when it comes up for
    reauthorization
  • Bank is Dead until Federal Reserve System in
    1910s

16
Tariff of Abominations (Tariff of 1828)
  • Tariff is seen as unconstitutional by Southern
    states
  • It hurt their trade with foreign nations
  • Made them dependent on the North for goods
  • South Carolina Exposition and Protest document
    arguing against the tariff and threatened to
    nullify the tariff

17
Nullification Crisis
  • Congress passes Tariff of 1832
  • South Carolina threatens to Nullify the tariff
    claiming states rights over federal power
  • Andrew Jackson threatens to send in the military
    if SC nullifies
  • Huge show of sectionalism

18
Growth of the Whig Party
  • Opposition to
  • Jacksons Democrats
  • Thought Jackson
  • was a tyrant

19
Log Cabin Campaign
20
Election 1840
  • Whig elected President
  • William Henry Harrison
  • Tippicanoe and Tyler Too
  • Harrison dies 30 days into office
  • Tyler leans more toward Democratic ideals and is
    kicked out of Whig Party
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