The integrated management of human activities under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Carlos Berrozpe Garcia European Commission (DG ENV) Greenwich, 3 June 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The integrated management of human activities under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Carlos Berrozpe Garcia European Commission (DG ENV) Greenwich, 3 June 2009

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Regional approach, specific to each sea basin ... (a) the Baltic Sea; (b) the North-east Atlantic Ocean ( subregions) ... to the Convention for the Black Sea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The integrated management of human activities under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Carlos Berrozpe Garcia European Commission (DG ENV) Greenwich, 3 June 2009


1
The integrated management of human activities
under the Marine Strategy Framework
Directive Carlos Berrozpe Garcia European
Commission (DG ENV) Greenwich, 3 June 2009
2
Structure (Part I)
  • Part I - The Marine Strategy Framework Directive
    (MSFD)
  • Legislative process
  • Objective
  • Implementation milestones
  • Common Implementation Strategy
  • Part II Integrated management of human
    activities under the MSFD

3
Marine Strategy Framework Directive Legislative
process
  • 2002 Sixth Environmental Action Plan
  • October 2005 - Commission proposal for a Marine
    Strategy Directive
  • November 2007 - Agreement between Parliament and
    Council
  • 25 June 2008 - Directive 2008/56/EC published in
    the EU Official Journal
  • 15 July 2008 - Entry into force

4
Objective of the Directive
  • This Directive establishes a framework within
    which
  • Member States shall take the necessary measures
    to achieve or maintain
  • good environmental status in the marine
    environment
  • by the year 2020 at the latest.

5
Marine Strategies - Implementation milestones
(1)
  • Preparatory phase the EU Member States must
    progressively develop Marine Strategies (action
    plans) in several steps.
  • By 15 July 2012
  • Description and assessment of current
    environmental status, including the environmental
    impact of human activities
  • Determination of good environmental status
  • Establishment of environmental targets and
    associated indicators
  • By 15 July 2014
  • Monitoring programme

6
Marine Strategies - Implementation milestones
(2)
  • Marine Strategies will culminate with
  • Programme of measures towards good environmental
    status by 2015
  • Achieve Good Environmental Status by 2020
  • Some key concepts
  • Regional approach, specific to each sea basin
  • Building upon existing activities developed in
    the framework of regional seas conventions
  • Adaptive management, with regular review (every
    6 years)

7
(No Transcript)
8
INITIAL STRUCTURE (2009-2010)
COM
MS
RSC,
Input to WG
9
Structure (Part 2)
  • Part I - The Marine Strategy Framework
    Directive (MSFD)
  • Part II Integrated management of human
    activities under the MSFD
  • Other EU environmental legislation related to
    integrated management of human activities in the
    maritime area
  • The MSFD as environmental pillar of the
    Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP)
  • General linkages between IMP and MSFD (and
    vice-versa)
  • Ecosystem approach to the management of human
    activities in MSFD
  • Focus on marine regions in MSFD and IMP
  • The initial assessment under MSFD (incl. social
    and economic assessment)
  • Some MSFD provisions directly relevant to IMP
    tools (MSP and data)

10
Integrated management of human activities in EU
environmental law
  • Environmental impact assessment (EIA) and
    strategic environmental assessment (SEA)
  • Natura 2000 network (coastal and offshore)
  • EU Recommendation on Integrated Coastal Zone
    Management (ICZM)
  • Water Framework Directive (coastal waters)

11
Marine Strategy Framework Directive Marine
waters in Regions and Sub-Regions
The two framework directives link up in coastal
waters, where MSFD will complement WFD for issues
not covered by WFD.
Water Framework Directive River Basin Districts
12
The European Council of 14 December 2007
  • The European Council ()
  • welcomes the conclusion of the Marine Strategy
    Framework Directive as the environmental pillar
    of the integrated EU maritime policy

13
What can that mean?
  • The MSFD is not a separate development which
    gives a "green" complement to ongoing IMP
    efforts.
  • The implementation of the MSFD is not a mere
    sectorial development, unrelated to maritime
    economic activities.
  • Healthy marine ecosystems will be a condition to
    realise the potential benefits resulting from the
    goods and services they provide.
  • i.e. economic development and jobs.
  • plus eco-innovation.
  • The MSFD will help to define more accurately the
    boundaries of sustainability.

14
Linkages IMP ?gt MSFD
  • Many activities under the IMP can be useful for
    the implementation of the MSFD
  • Political impetus on seas and oceans.
  • New cross-cutting tools (e.g. Maritime Spatial
    Planning, EMODNET)
  • Other related developments (statistics, funding
    priorities).
  • Potential for synergies in the other direction
  • The development of IMP will require a closer
    articulation with all ongoing policy initiatives
    that can support integrated management.
  • The MSFD establishes an integrated approach to
    maritime activities that can contribute to IMP
    success.
  • Its legally binding framework will benefit the
    development of integrated maritime tools (spatial
    planning, data, etc).
  • Legal basis for enhanced cooperation in marine
    regions (as IMP).

15
Ecosystem approach (upfront in the Directive)
  • Marine Strategies shall apply an ecosystem-based
    approach to the management of human activities
  • ensuring that the collective pressure of such
    activities is kept within levels compatible with
    the achievement of good environmental status
  • and that the capacity of marine ecosystems to
    respond to human-induced changes is not
    compromised,
  • while enabling the sustainable use of marine
    goods and services by present and future
    generations.
  • ? Integration of environmental concerns into the
    different policies which have an impact on the
    marine environment.

16
First step (2012) initial assessment
  • Member States must make an assessment of
    their marine waters 
  • analysis of the essential characteristics and
    current environmental status of those waters
    (physical, chemical and biological features) 
  • analysis of the predominant pressures and
    impacts, including human, on the environmental
    status of those waters, covering the main
    cumulative effects
  • economic and social analysis of the use of those
    waters and of the cost of degradation of the
    marine environment 

17
The initial assessment and the IMP
  • Requirement to develop an integrated
    understanding of maritime human activities
  • Such cross-cutting knowledge is required by the
    IMP for a sound start
  • And also for a long-lasting success it must be
    be updated every six years under the MSFD
  • Likely Working Group under the CIS for social
    and economic assessment? (IMP link)

18
Like IMP, strong emphasis in MFSD on
co-operation within Marine Regions
  • MS marine waters form a part of the following
    marine regions
  • (a) the Baltic Sea
  • (b) the North-east Atlantic Ocean ( subregions)
  • (c) the Mediterranean Sea ( subregions)
  • (d) the Black Sea. (MSFD Art. 4)
  • Duty of regional cooperation (MSFD Art. 6)
  • At the different stages of Marine Strategies
    (assessment, targets, monitoring, measures).

19
Regional Sea Conventions
  • The European Community is a Party to three of the
    four regional sea conventions (HELCOM, OSPAR,
    Barcelona Convention)
  • The EC aims at becoming a Party to the Convention
    for the Black Sea
  • Platform for cooperation, also relevant for IMP

20
Arctic Council
Different marine regions around Europe
21
Provisions of MSFD relevant to integrated
maritime data (under IMP)
  • For instance
  • Article 8 initial assessment
  • Article 11 monitoring programmes
  • Article 20(3)(b) - review of the status of the
    marine environment in the Community (in
    coordination with the European Environment Agency
    and the relevant regional marine and fisheries
    organisations and conventions)

22
Provisions of MSFD relevant to Maritime Spatial
Planning
  • For instance
  • Article 8 initial assessment
  • Article 13(3)(2) for programme of measures
    ensure that measures are cost-effective and
    technically feasible (impact assessments and
    cost-benefit analyses)
  • Annex VI point 3 (Spatial and temporal
    distribution controls management measures that
    influence where and when an activity is allowed
    to occur).

23
  • THANK YOU !
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