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NATIONAL CONFERENCE on AGRICULTURE

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Title: NATIONAL CONFERENCE on AGRICULTURE


1
PRESENTATION
NATIONAL CONFERENCE on AGRICULTURE
RABI CAMPAIGN 2007-08
18th 19th September, 2007
2
ASSAM AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE
Geographical Area 78.44 lakh hectare
Gross Cropped Area 39.84 lakh hectares
Net Cropped Area 27.74 lakh hectares (35.36 p.c. of Geographical Area)
Area under Horticultural Crops 5.46 lakh hectares (14 of Gross Cropped Area)
Cropping Intensity 144
Irrigated Potential Created 10.98 lakh hectare (28 of Gross Cropped Area)
Total operational holding 27.12 lakh (as per 2000-01 Agri. Census)
Marginal Small holding 22.60 lakh (83.3 of total holding)
Per capita operational holding 1.14 ha. (2000-01 Agri Census) ( 1.41 ha. at National Level - 1995-96 Agri Census)
3
ASSAM THE SCENARIO AT A GLANCE (contd..)
Farm power available per ha. 0.57 HP per hectare (National average 1.01 HP per hectare)
Consumption of chemical fertilizer 56.59 Kg. per hectare (National average 104.5 Kg. per hectare)
Consumption of chemical pesticides 81.58 gm ai per hectare
Normal Rainfall Kharif (April September) 2118.2 mm
Normal Rainfall Peak Kharif (JuneSeptember) 1550.0 mm
Normal Rainfall Rabi (October March) 313.7 mm
Normal Rainfall Annual Rainfall 2431.9 MM
4
REVIEW OF KHARIF
AREA PRODUCTIVITYOF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS (Area in
lakh hectare Productivity in Kg per hectare)
Crop Crop Achievement Achievement Target Increase in Area Productivity in 2007 over 2006
Crop Crop 2005 2006 2007 Increase in Area Productivity in 2007 over 2006
Autumn Rice Area 3.98 3.79 4.00 0.21
Autumn Rice Productivity 1016 899 1005 106
Winter Rice Area 17.07 14.98 18.00 3.02
Winter Rice Productivity 1543 1321 1600 279
Total Kharif Rice Area 21.05 18.77 22.00 3.23
Total Kharif Rice Productivity 1421 1218 1492 274
Jute Mesta Area 0.62 0.63 0.76 0.13
Jute Mesta Productivity 1754 1674 1847 173
Due to drought like situation during Kharif,
2006, an area of 2.95 lakh hectares of Winter
Rice remain uncovered, which is the major
contributor towards total Rice output of the
State.
5
REVIEW OF KHARIF
AREA, PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS (Area
in lakh hectare Productivity in Kg per hectare)
Crop Crop Achievement Achievement Target Increase in Area Productivity in 2007 over 2006
Crop Crop 2005 2006 2007 Increase in Area Productivity in 2007 over 2006
Sugarcane Area 0.23 0.25 0.30 0.05
Sugarcane Productivity 37190 38000 38657 657
Kharif Pulses Area 0.14 0.18 0.20 0.02
Kharif Pulses Productivity 574 600 620 20
Kharif Oilseeds Area 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.02
Kharif Oilseeds Productivity 557 560 570 10
Kharif Vegetables Area 0.72 0.84 0.85 0.01
Kharif Vegetables Productivity 15502 12738 15510 2772
6
KAHRIF 2007 THE WEATHER SCENARIO
Rainfall received by the State during Kharif, 2007 Rainfall received by the State during Kharif, 2007 Rainfall received by the State during Kharif, 2007 Rainfall received by the State during Kharif, 2007 Rainfall received by the State during Kharif, 2007
Month Rainfall (in mm) Rainfall (in mm) Percentage Departure Status
Month Normal Actual Percentage Departure Status
April 200.7 206.4 () 3 Normal
May 367.5 178.0 (-) 52 Deficient
June 455.2 406.3 (-) 11 Normal
July 446.5 409.6 (-) 8 Normal
August 359.2 282.4 (-) 21 Deficient
1st 13th September 142.2 284.9 () 100 Excess
Total 1829.1 1482.7 (-) 19 Normal
(Source RMC, IMD, Guwahati) (Source RMC, IMD, Guwahati) (Source RMC, IMD, Guwahati) (Source RMC, IMD, Guwahati) (Source RMC, IMD, Guwahati)
Highest rainfall in the State occurs from June September during Kharif season. Highest rainfall in the State occurs from June September during Kharif season. Highest rainfall in the State occurs from June September during Kharif season. Highest rainfall in the State occurs from June September during Kharif season. Highest rainfall in the State occurs from June September during Kharif season.
During current Kharif season, till 13th September, overall rainfall pattern in the State is normal (-19 to 19) in April, June and July and deficient (-20 to -59) in May and August. The State has received excess rainfall during September (till 13th September). During current Kharif season, till 13th September, overall rainfall pattern in the State is normal (-19 to 19) in April, June and July and deficient (-20 to -59) in May and August. The State has received excess rainfall during September (till 13th September). During current Kharif season, till 13th September, overall rainfall pattern in the State is normal (-19 to 19) in April, June and July and deficient (-20 to -59) in May and August. The State has received excess rainfall during September (till 13th September). During current Kharif season, till 13th September, overall rainfall pattern in the State is normal (-19 to 19) in April, June and July and deficient (-20 to -59) in May and August. The State has received excess rainfall during September (till 13th September). During current Kharif season, till 13th September, overall rainfall pattern in the State is normal (-19 to 19) in April, June and July and deficient (-20 to -59) in May and August. The State has received excess rainfall during September (till 13th September).

7
KAHRIF 2007 AMIDST CLIMATIC ADVERSITIES
Rice is the staple food of the State. Normal annual production target of rice is 39.90 lakh MT against which Kharif target has been kept at 32.82 lakh MT with productivity of 1492 Kg per hectare.
During Kharif 2007, the State has already experienced 2 waves of flood (during June July) and the 3rd wave is continuing since 1st week of September.
Excessive rainfall in some parts as well down stream water from adjoining hill states and neighboring country Bhutan causes flood and affected crops of the State.
4.12 lakh hectares of crop (mainly Sali Paddy) area and 10.04 lakh farm families of 22 districts of the State are affected by first 2 waves of flood in the State and impact of the current 3rd wave of flood is yet to be assessed.
Approximate loss in terms of value caused by first 2 waves of flood is about 735.0 crores.
Apprehension is that there will be adverse impact on area and production of Kharif crops due to flood during peak Kharif season.
8
PROGRAMME PROPOSED TO OVERCOME THE LOSS DUE TO
FLOOD
In order to compensate the loss caused by flood a
contingency plan is proposed for implementation
in three phases (late Kharif, Pre Rabi Rabi)
for all the affected farm families covering all
the affected districts. The proposed programme
are as follows
  • Immediate Measure - Coverage of flood damaged
    area of Sali paddy by paddy seeds (direct seeded
    under delayed condition) and locally procured
    Sali paddy seedlings..
  • Pre Rabi Programme - More coverage with Pulses
    like Blackgram and Greengram.
  • Rabi Programme - Special programme on Rabi crops
    viz., Wheat, Rape Mustard, Pea, Lentil, Summer
    Rice, Rabi Vegetables, Potato and Onion.
  • Irrigation and mechanization support under
    various departmental programmes including AACP
    a World Bank assisted programme.

9
PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08
AREA PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR RABI CROPS (Area in
lakh hectare Productivity in Kg per hectare)
Crop Crop Achievement Achievement Target Increase in Area Productivity in 2007-08 over 2006-07
Crop Crop 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Increase in Area Productivity in 2007-08 over 2006-07
Summer (Rabi) Rice Area 3.15 3.12 3.50 0.38
Summer (Rabi) Rice Productivity 1780 2017 2025 8
Wheat Area 0.50 0.60 0.72 0.12
Wheat Productivity 1076 1128 1200 72
Rabi Pulses Area 0.93 0.94 1.00 0.06
Rabi Pulses Productivity 527 555 590 35
Rabi Oilseeds Area 2.35 2.64 3.80 1.16
Rabi Oilseeds Productivity 467 500 525 25
Rabi Vegetables Area 1.59 1.71 1.71 Nil
Rabi Vegetables Productivity 16930 16459 16500 41
10
SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08(For Flood
Affected Areas)
Sl. No. Crop Quantity of seed provided (quintal) Additional area to be covered (ha.) Additional production (expected) (MT)
PHASE-I PHASE-I PHASE-I PHASE-I PHASE-I
1. Blackgram 2586.2 10449 5500
2. Greengram 862.0 3483 1600
3. Vegetables (assorted packets) 600000 packets 60000 952000
3. Potato (Tubers) 16129 860 6000
4. Onion 700 7179 16900
PHASE-II (Rabi Programme) PHASE-II (Rabi Programme) PHASE-II (Rabi Programme) PHASE-II (Rabi Programme) PHASE-II (Rabi Programme)
3. Rape Mustard 15000 150000 75200
4. Wheat 30000 25000 27000
5. Pea 8000 15238 9100
6. Lentil 12970 42233 22700
7. Summer Rice 50000 133333 252000
Free tractorization Free tractorization 66667 hectares for flood affected farmers. 66667 hectares for flood affected farmers. 66667 hectares for flood affected farmers.
11
PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08
  • Full utilization of 4.02 lakh hectares of command
    area created by Agriculture Department through
    installation of 1,94,048 nos. STWs and 6,834 nos.
    LLPs under various schemes / programmes.
  • In order to bring more areas under assured
    irrigation system, rapid installation of STWs and
    LLPs through various central state government
    programmes and World Bank funded AACP is
    proposed. It has been targeted to install 38,000
    STWs and 14,992 LLPs during 2007-08.
  • Massive mobilization of tractors and power
    tillers provided to farmers to catch up timely
    tillage operation. Already, 1316 nos. of tractors
    and 4876 nos. of Power Tillers are provided to
    farmers. Also, introduction of new farm
    machineries like Rotavator, Reaper/Binder, Zero
    Tillage Planter Combined harvester is proposed.
  • To boost up farm mechanization, subsidized
    distribution of Tractors and Power Tillers under
    various programmes are proposed. Target to
    distribute 931 nos. of Tractors and 4959 nos. of
    Power Tillers have been set for 2007-08.

12
PREPAREDNESS FOR RABI, 2007-08
  • For the ensuing Rabi season, the consumption
    target of fertilizer has been kept at 102.00 Kg
    per hectare against consumption of 93.74 Kg per
    hectare during Rabi 2006-07.
  • Tie up arrangements have been finalized with
    fertilizer manufacturers both under ECA and
    decontrolled fertilizers.
  • Necessary schematic supports are being provided
    from Macro Management Mode of Agriculture,
    2006-07.

13
INPUT SUPPORT SEED
A. PRODUCTION OF FOUNDATION CERTIFIED SEEDS
Sl. Type Quantity produced during 2006-07 (in MT) Production target of 2007-08 (in MT)
1. Foundation Seed Foundation Seed Foundation Seed
1. Paddy 258.7 213.4
1. Rape Mustard 37.4 39.5
1. Rajmah 20.0 Nil
2. Certified Seed Certified Seed Certified Seed
2. Paddy 11053.0 12020.0
2. Rape Mustard 631.8 1356.0
2. Rajmah Nil 33.0
  • Quantity of seed sold in the State during 2006-07
    43,786 quintals
  • Quantity of seed imported into the State during
    2006-07 67,540 quintals

14
B. SEED DISTRIBUTION SEED REPLACEMENT RATE
Crop SMR Area sown (Hectare) Area sown (Hectare) Distribution of seed (Quintal) Distribution of seed (Quintal) Seed Replacement Rate () Seed Replacement Rate ()
Crop SMR 2006-07 (actual) 2007-08 (anti-cipated) 2006-07 (actual) 2007-08 (anti-cipated 2006-07 (actual) 2007-08 (anti-cipated
Paddy 75 21.89 24.50 93864 110530 10.72 11,28
Pulses 40 1.12 1.20 15969 22355 57.03 74.52
Rape Mustard 100 2.38 3.50 3841 6318 15.72 18.05
Wheat 20 0.60 0.72 22624 28000 37.71 38.89
Maize 80 0.18 0.28 34 1000 0.94 17.86
Jute - 0.58 0.76 - 144 - 2.71
Onion - 0.08 0.08 - 600 - 68.18
Potato - 0.70 0.75 - 10000 - 0.59
15
C. SEED TREATMENT (Under 100 Seed Treatment
Programme)
Kharif Crops, 2007 Kharif Crops, 2007 Kharif Crops, 2007 Kharif Crops, 2007 Kharif Crops, 2007
Sl. Crop Target Achievement Remarks
1. Winter Paddy 18.00 7.20 Targeted area could not achieved due to non receipt of fund for massive campaign.
2. Kharif Pulses 0.22 0.022 Targeted area could not achieved due to non receipt of fund for massive campaign.
3. Kharif Oilseeds 0.19 0.0152 Targeted area could not achieved due to non receipt of fund for massive campaign.
Rabi, 2007-08 (Target) Rabi, 2007-08 (Target) Rabi, 2007-08 (Target) Rabi, 2007-08 (Target) Rabi, 2007-08 (Target)
1. Summer Paddy 3.15
2. Potato 0.70
3. Rabi Vegetables 1.54
4. Sugarcane 0.24
16
D. SEED TESTING
  • Assam State Seed Certification Agency (ASSCA) is
    the nodal agency for seed testing seed
    certification in the State.
  • Seed testing certification guidelines are
    strictly followed for proper quality control and
    certification.

Seed Testing Laboratory under ASSCA 4 nos. (3 notified 1 unnotified)
Annual capacity 20,000 samples
Samples tested during 2006-07 10,759 samples
Target for 2007-08 20,000 certified seed samples
E. SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME
Seed Village Proposed - 89 nos.
Area under Seed Village - 582.87 hectares
Crops to be grown - Winter Rice, Summer Rice, Lentil, Mustard, Blackgram
17
INPUT SUPPORT
FERTILISER
A. REQUIREMENT AVAILABILITY OF FERTILISER
2006-07 (in MT) 2006-07 (in MT) 2007-08 (Requirement) (in MT) 2007-08 (Requirement) (in MT)
Requirement Available Kharif Rabi
N 101140 89197 54200 63300
P 25100 15285 12800 31200
K 44340 37741 18000 36000
Total 170580 139223 85000 130500
B. QUALITY CONTROL OF FERTILISER
  • Fertilizer quality control measures aims at
    analyzing the various samples of urea, DAP, SSP,
    MOP, NPK Mixture etc. Status of fertilizer
    testing done in State Fertilizer Control
    laboratory is as under -

Annual capacity 500 samples
Samples received during 2006-07 168 nos.
Samples tested 168 nos.
Samples found sub-standard 3 nos. (due to falling nutrient)
Target for 2007-08 500 samples
18
C. BALANCED USE OF FERTILIZER INM
Item 2006-07 (Achievement) 2007-08 (Target)
Per hectare use of Chemical Fertilizer 53.59 Kg. 70.00 Kg.
Bio-fertilizer used 134.00 MT 620.00 MT
Vermicompost Unit established 303 nos. 725 nos.
Phospho-composting Units established 686 nos. 750 nos.
Soil Health Card provided to farmers 59,905 nos. 1,00,000 nos.
19
SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08 EXPECTED OUTCOME
  • In addition to targeted production of major Rabi
    crops during 2007-08, additional production
    targeted from the special programme proposed for
    flood affected areas are as follows -

Wheat - 0.27 lakh MT
Pulses (Blackgram, Greengram, Lentil, Pea) - 0.39 lakh MT
Oilseeds (Rape Mustard) - 0.75 lakh MT
Summer Rice - 2.52 lakh MT
Rabi Vegetables - 9.52 lakh MT
Institutional tie-up with ASC, NSC, RSG, NAFED and private agencies for streamlining flow of seeds have taken up. Institutional tie-up with ASC, NSC, RSG, NAFED and private agencies for streamlining flow of seeds have taken up. Institutional tie-up with ASC, NSC, RSG, NAFED and private agencies for streamlining flow of seeds have taken up.
Seed Replacement Rate target has been fixed for Paddy at 12.02, Pulses 40.96, Oilseeds 38.71 and Wheat 38.46. Seed Replacement Rate target has been fixed for Paddy at 12.02, Pulses 40.96, Oilseeds 38.71 and Wheat 38.46. Seed Replacement Rate target has been fixed for Paddy at 12.02, Pulses 40.96, Oilseeds 38.71 and Wheat 38.46.
20
RABI PROGRAMME 2007-08 EXPECTED OUTCOME (Normal
Rabi Special Rabi)
Sl. No. Crop Expected Outcome (Production lakh MT) Expected Outcome (Production lakh MT) Expected Outcome (Production lakh MT)
Sl. No. Crop Normal Rabi Programme Special Rabi Programme Total
1 Summer (Rabi) Rice 7.09 2.52 9.61
2 Wheat 0.86 0.27 1.13
3 Rabi Pulses 0.59 0.39 0.98
4 Rabi Foodgrains 8.54 3.18 11.72
5 Rabi Oilseeds 2.20 0.75 2.95
21
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS - ATMA
CENTRALLY SPONSORED
AACP (WORLD BANK AIDED) SPONSORED
Nos. of ATMA Dist 12 No. of ATMA registered
12
Nos. of ATMA dist. 11 No. of ATMA registered
11
District Agricultural Development Strategy (DADS)
prepared for 11 Dist.
FIAC formed in 12 Dist BTT Registered 96 nos.
SREP prepared finalized in 12 Dist.
74 Block Action Plan, 2006-07 are in action in 6
Dist. Block Action Plan, 2007-08 prepared for 11
Dist.
SEWP, 2007-08 approved by GOI
Sites for 123 BRCs identified sanction accorded
for 104 BRCs in 9 Dist.
22
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS THROUGH ATMA
FUND RECIEVED UTILISED DURING 2005-06
2006-07 AND PROPOSED FOR 2007-08.
(Rs. in lakh)
Year Amount Proposed Amount sanctioned by GOI Amount Released by GOI State Share released Amount utilized Balance amount
2005-06 344.40 160.0 160.0 Nil 159.0 1.0
2006-07 521.92 163.0 Nil Nil Nil Nil
2007-08 1333.60 Nil Nil Nil Nil Nil
  • Amount earmarked for 3rd party Monitoring
    Evaluation.

23
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING
  • As per GOIs assessment the 1236 nos. of markets
    and market yards available in the State/ are not
    enough.
  • Another 994 markets are needed to be established
    in the State to meet the recommendation of
    National Commission on Agriculture.
  • 24 Regulated Market Committees, 20 Primary market
    Yards and 204 Sub-market yards have been
    established by Assam State Agricultural Marketing
    Board (ASAMB).
  • ASAMB developed 2 big Wholesale Market 25 Small
    Rural market / Apni Mandis in 19 districts of the
    State.
  • One Wholesale Market (Vegetable) with a Cold
    Storage has been established by ASAMB under NEC
    Sponsorship.
  • Under World Bank assisted AACP 39 Rural Hats and
    21 Rural Wholesale Markets against target of 50
    Rural Hats and 24 Wholesale Markets.

24
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING (contd.)
  • Under RGBY, ASAMB has created storage facility of
    15,000 MT against target of 19,000 MT.
  • NABARD has refinanced private entrepreneurs for
    development of 27 Rural Godowns for a capacity of
    38,179 MT
  • 23 Regulated Market have been covered under
    AGMARKNET by ASAMB.
  • The AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE MARKET COMMITTEE (APMC)
    ACT has been amended in 2006 and adopted.
  • The concept of Contract Farming Market Boards/
    power to levy cess have been incorporated in the
    Act.

25
View of the most potential paddy crop Summer
Paddy, 2006-07
26
LOSS IN KHARIF HARVEST DUE TO DROUGHT WAS
COMPENSATED A VIEW OF RABI MUSTARD FIELD
27
NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION
TM-IDH in Assam
Crop Zones Thrust Crops vis a vis Potential
Zones
Crop Potential Zones
Banana Lower Brahmaputra Valley Zone, Central Assam Zone
Orange Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone, Central Assam Zone, Part of Western Zone
Pineapple Hill Zone, Southern Zone, Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone (Part)
Assam Lemon Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone, Central Assam Zone, Southern Zone
Litchi North Bank Plain Zone II
Cashewnut Lower Brahmaputra Valley Zone, Hill Zone and Part of Southern Zone
Ginger Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone, Hill Zone
Black Pepper North Bank Plain Zone and Other Zone
28
TM-IDH in Assam
Achievements under Area Expansion of Major Thrust
Crops
Crop Pre Mission Area (Hectare) Additional Area (Hectare) brought through Mission (up to 2005-06)
Banana 42534 2910
Assam Lemon 8770 583
Cashewnut 51 1710
Orange 5745 961
Pineapple 13966 909
Ginger 17667 1028
Black Pepper 2476 1130
Other crops 4780090 5054
TOTAL 4871299 14285
29
Latest Fund Position under Horticulture
Technology Mission in Assam (as on 15th
September-07)
MM-II (Rs. in lakh)
Year Allocation of GOI Release from GOI Expen-diture U.C submitted Balance
2001-02 610.12 610.12 610.12 610.12 Nil
2002-03 1092.40 1092.15 1092.15 1092.15 Nil
2003-04 1400.00 1400.00 1350.00 1346.00 50.00
2004-05 1425.00 871.00 871.00 871.00 Nil
2005-06 1300.00 1300.00 1300.00 1298.53 Nil
2006-07 1400.08 1400.00 1365.445 1365.445 34.555
2007-08 2200.70 550.00 Nil Nil 550.00
TOTAL 9428.30 7223.27 6588.715 6583.245 634.555
30
Latest Fund Position under Horticulture
Technology Mission in Assam (as on 15th
September-07)
MM-III (Rs. in lakh)
Year Allocation of GOI Release from GOI Release from ASFAC Balance
2002-03 17.04 17.04 17.04 Nil
143.75 143.75 143.75 Nil
2005-06 - 56.25 56.25 Nil
2006-07 - 22.50 22.50 Nil
TOTAL 160.79 239.54 239.54 Nil
31
TM-IDH in Assam Target for 2007-08
Sl. No. Crop Physical target Financial outlay
1 Banana 2500 ha 187.50
2 Orange 2200 ha 247.50
3 Orange (Rejuvination) 500 ha 75.00
4 Pineapple 1500 ha 112.50
5 Assam lemon 1000 ha 112.50
6 Cashewnut 755 ha 98.15
7 Black pepper 500 ha 65.00
8 Ginger 1250 ha 162.50
9 Potato 650 ha 84.50
10 Anthurium 1500 units 195.00
11 Orchids 1000 units 130.00
12 Aromatic plants 500 ha 25.00
32
ORGANIC FARMING
A. Achievement made during 2006-07 A. Achievement made during 2006-07 A. Achievement made during 2006-07
Joha (Aromatic) Rice Joha (Aromatic) Rice 92 hectares in farmers field. 154 beneficiaries in 3 districts involved. Achieved productivity level of 652 Kg. per hectare in 2006-07 (affected by drought like situation) against 1860 Kg. per hectare in 2005-06. First consignment of 17.50 MT Organic Joha has already been exported to Europe. 14 MT of Organic Joha sold in local market.
Citrus (Orange, Lemon) Citrus (Orange, Lemon) 1901 hectares under cultivation. 1638 beneficiaries involved.
Turmeric Turmeric 2 hectares in Organic Model Farm.
Ginger -Turmeric Ginger -Turmeric 1150 hectares in farmers field
B. Programme Proposed for 2007-08 (proposal submitted to NCOF) B. Programme Proposed for 2007-08 (proposal submitted to NCOF) B. Programme Proposed for 2007-08 (proposal submitted to NCOF)
1. Model Organic Farm 4 nos Model Organic Farm 4 nos
2. Service Provider Scheme 4 nos. Service Provider Scheme 4 nos.
33
ORGANIC JOHA RICE CULTIVATION
34
EXPORT OF ORGANIC JOHA TO EUROPE FIRST
CONSIGNMENT FLAGGED OFF BY HONBLE MINISTER,
AGRICULTURE, ASSAM
35
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION
  • National Food Security Mission, a Centrally
    Sponsored Scheme is proposed to be implemented
    from 2007-08 with three components
  • National Food Security Mission Rice (NFSM-Rice)
  • National Food Security Mission Wheat
    (NFSM-Wheat)
  • National Food Security Mission Pulses
    (NFSM-Pulses)

NFSM-Rice
  • For implementation of NFSM Rice, only 13
    districts out 27 districts of the State are
    included under the mission by GOI ignoring Rice
    area of 10.50 lakh hectares in remaining 14
    districts.
  • Total area under Rice is around 24 lakh hectares,
    which is 63 of gross cropped area of the State.
  • All the 27 districts are potential for Rice
    cultivation and considering this aspect and also
    to ensure food security in the State all the
    districts need to be included in NFSM-Rice.

36
NFSM-Pulses
  • Under NFSM-Pulses, no district of the State has
    been included.
  • There is vast potential of expansion of area
    under Pulses in all the districts of the State
    including the riverine areas spreading over 14
    districts and occupying around 10 of Net Cropped
    Area of the State.
  • Present area coverage under Pulses is only 3 of
    Gross Cropped Area of the State.
  • Total Rice fallow area of around 12 lakh hectares
    can be brought under Pulse cultivation.

37
ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH TREND
Item 8th Plan Period (1991-92 to 1996-97) 9th Plan Period (1997-98 to 2001-02) 10th Plan Period (Anticipated) (2002-03 to 2006-07) 11th Plan Period (Target) (2007-08 to 2011-12)
Contribution of Agriculture to State GDP at constant prices 31 27.00 30.96 32.05
Growth in Agriculture 1.13 0.39 -0.27 2.00
  • In Assam growth of Agriculture at the end of 8th
    Plan was 1.13 which decreased to 0.39 at the
    end of 9th plan and registered further decline to
    -0.27 (anticipated) at the end of 10th plan.
  • Against the National Growth Target of 4 in
    Agriculture during 11th Plan, considering the
    present status of Agriculture in the State it is
    targeted to achieve 2 growth during 11th five
    year plan.

38
YIELD GAP ASSAM vs INDIA
Crop Normal Yield (Kg. per ha.) Normal Yield (Kg. per ha.) Gap (Kg per hectare) (Assam-India)
Crop Assam India Gap (Kg per hectare) (Assam-India)
Rice 1489 1938 -449
Wheat 1151 2692 -1541
Pulses 556 595 -39
Foodgrains 1432 1651 -219
Oilseeds 532 850 -318
HORTICULTURAL CROP (Achievement during 2005-06) (Kg. per ha.) HORTICULTURAL CROP (Achievement during 2005-06) (Kg. per ha.) HORTICULTURAL CROP (Achievement during 2005-06) (Kg. per ha.) HORTICULTURAL CROP (Achievement during 2005-06) (Kg. per ha.)
Fruits 12005 9220 2785
Vegetables Tubers 13497 15764 -2267
Spices 2475 1844 631
PRODUCTION STATUS IN ASSAM PRODUCTION STATUS IN ASSAM PRODUCTION STATUS IN ASSAM PRODUCTION STATUS IN ASSAM
Rice The trend is either marginally surplus or marginally deficit. Rice The trend is either marginally surplus or marginally deficit. Rice The trend is either marginally surplus or marginally deficit. Rice The trend is either marginally surplus or marginally deficit.
Fruit s Spices Marginally surplus Fruit s Spices Marginally surplus Fruit s Spices Marginally surplus Fruit s Spices Marginally surplus
Vegetables - Surplus Vegetables - Surplus Vegetables - Surplus Vegetables - Surplus
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CROPWISE PRODUCTION DURING 10TH PLAN ESTIMATED
PRODUCTION AT THE END OF 11TH PLAN TO ACHIEVE 2
GROWTH.
Crop 10th Plan average production of first 4 years (in lakh MT) Projected production at the end of 11th plan at 2 annual growth over 10th plan average production of first 4 years (in lakh MT)
Rice 36.60 41.19
Wheat 0.68 0.74
Pulses 0.65 0.70
Oilseeds 1.55 1.68
Fruits 13.30 14.12
Vegetables 34.02 39.80
In case of Rice 3, Fruits 1.5 and Vegetables 4
of annual growth have been taken to project
production at the end of 11th plan. In other
cases 2 annual growth have been taken.
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ACHIEVING 2 ANNUAL GROWTH IN 11TH PLAN - THE
STRATEGIES
Formulation of district/state specific plan depending on agro-climatic conditions, growth potential and specific requirements of district.
Strengthening input and credit delivery mechanism.
Strengthening linkage between research, extension and farmers.
Strengthening support price mechanism.
Development of mechanization and irrigation.
Natural resource management.
Emphasis on biomass recycling.
Supplying market information to farmers to increase their competitiveness.
Creating buffer stock of seeds for natural calamity management.
Amelioration of soil acidity.
Area expansion in riverine areas for Pulses.
Area expansion of Oilseeds in mono-cropped areas .
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ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME
  • An analysis of the growth rate of Agriculture
    sector reveals that Assam has suffered a
    deceleration to the tune of (-)0.27 during 10th
    Plan period.
  • It has become essential for the State to be
    district oriented and strike upon hurdles faced
    at grass root level by farmers to bring an
    improvement in growth in Agriculture Sector.
  • Target of at least 2 growth in Agriculture
    Sector to be achieved during 11th Plan Period has
    been set.
  • Taking into account all the contributing factors
    that affect agricultural growth, Assam
    Agricultural Plan has been formulatedt to achieve
    a growth rate of 2 plus during 11th Plan Period.
  • Vertical and horizontal analysis of factors
    associated to achieve the desired growth is
    imperative and thus the District Plan for each of
    27 districts of the State has been prepared.
  • Focus sectors are
  • Irrigation
  • Farm Mechanization.
  • Quality seed and planting materials
  • Technology Dissemination
  • Fertiliser
  • Flow of credit
  • Marketing strategies.

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ESTIMATED REQUIREMENT OF FUND DURING 2007-08 TO
ACHIEVE AT LEAST 2 GROWTH.
Sl. Component Estimated requirement of Fund during 2007-08 (Rs. in crores.)
1 Seed 18.95
2 Irrigation 73.16
3 Mechanization 128.30
4 Marketing 6.13
5 Horticulture 29.94
6 Training Motivation 4.67
7 Fertilizer 0.38
8 Organic farming 2.41
9 Technology Demonstration 11.82
10 Administrative Cost (State) 5.05
Total Total 280.80
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Thank You
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AREA UNDER RICE IN ASSAM
Sl. District Area (Ha.) Sl. District Area (Ha.)
1 Cachar 109866 15 Baksa 95962
2 Hailakandi 46800 16 Chirang 43114
3 Karimganj 75350 17 Kamrup (Metro) 19166
4 Goalpara 77696 18 Udalguri 77741
5 Dhubri 93273 19 Jorhat 88199
6 Kokrajhar 109808 20 Golaghat 80328
7 Bongaigaon 76514 21 Sivasagar 101291
8 Kamrup (Rural) 124354 22 Lakhimpur 121399
9 Nalbari 81256 23 Dhemaji 82678
10 Barpeta 118152 24 Dibrugarh 79786
11 Darrang 75166 25 Tinsukia 59284
12 Sonitpur 169266 26 Karbi Anglong 127208
13 Nagaon 213682 27 North Cachar Hills 14488
14 Morigaon 58500 ASSAM ASSAM 2420327
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REASONS FOR SLOW AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN ASSAM
  • Natural calamity - regular flood and occasional
    drought like situation.
  • Problems associated with small holdings.
  • Lack of assured irrigation and dependency on
    rainfall.
  • Non availability of quality planting material
    within easy reach of farmers.
  • Inadequate mechanization.
  • Deteriorating soil conditions and soil acidity.
  • Lack of adequate credit support.
  • Lack of infrastructural and market support.

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TM-IDH in Assam Impact Analysis
Fruit Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Production increased by 0.58 lakh MT (from 12.94 lakh MT to 13.52 lakh MT) i.e. increased by 4.48
Fruit Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Average Yield increased by 135 Kg. per hectare (from 11870 Kg. to 12005 Kg.) i.e. increased by 1.14
Spice Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Production increased by 0.25 lakh MT (from 1.87 lakh MT to 2.12 lakh MT) i.e. increased by 13.37
Spice Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Average Yield increased by 166 Kg. per hectare (from 2309 Kg. to 2475 Kg.) i.e. increased by 7.19
Vegetable Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Production increased by 13.47 lakh MT (from 24.71 lakh MT to 38.18 lakh MT) i.e. increased by 54.51
Vegetable Crops After 5 years (in 2005-06 over 2000-01) of Mission Period Average Yield increased by 3825 Kg. per hectare (from 12660 Kg. to 16485 Kg.) i.e. increased by 30.21
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TM-IDH in Assam An analysis of the Target Group
Nos. of farmers associated directly so far under
the Mission (upto 2005) -
1. General 9,281
2. ST 9,334
3. SC 4,929
4. OBC 10,151
5. Minorities 7,009
TOTAL TOTAL 40,704
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Projection Pattern
  1. Thrust Crops vs Zonal Planning
  2. Physical achievement
  3. Impact analysis in terms of growth rate
  4. Projection on Target Group
  5. Financial achievement
  6. Target for 2007-08
  7. Some success stories

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Achievement under MM-II III The Scenario of
Post Harvest Management Facilities Created under
TMIDH so far in Assam
A. Cold Storage A. Cold Storage A. Cold Storage
1. Total Nos. of cold storages supported 13
2. Total storage capacity builds up 61,420 MT
3. Total fund released so far through NHB Rs.550.079 lakh
B. Markets B. Markets B. Markets
1. Total Nos. of rural markets developed so far 25
2. Total fund released so far Rs.133.75 lakh
3. Total Nos. of wholesale markets developed 2
4. Total fund released so far Rs.50.00 lakh
5. Projects on the pipeline 19
C. Processing Units C. Processing Units C. Processing Units
1. Total Nos. of projects already established and running 3
2. Projects on pipeline 3
3. Total projects cost of the proposed projects Rs.246.67 lakh
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Growth of Black pepper during Mission period
Pre Mission period 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
Area (ha) 2476 2687 2695 2700 2950 3150
Production (MT) 3470 3590 3625 3695 4425 4772
Avg. yield (kg/ha) 1401 1337 1345 1360 1500 1515
Annual production growth rate 4.56
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THE LATEST STORY Farmers, women SHGs of
Kokrajhar Kamrup districts supported under
Floriculture component of TM-IDH has successfully
displayed their products in 3rd International
Flora Expo, 2007 (12-14 Sept, 07) held at Pragati
Maidan, New Delhi and bagged 2nd Prize.
View of the Assam Stall at Pragati Maidan, New
Delhi
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