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Corpus Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition

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ACORN project aims to provide corpus analyses in output formats suitable for ... Ser and estar: Concordance lines from ACORN for est (GC1) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Corpus Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition


1
Corpus Linguistics and Second Language
Acquisition The use of ACORN in the teaching of
Spanish GrammarGuadalupe Ruiz Yepes
2
Introduction
  • Demands for authentic language use in the
    teaching of a second language
  • Observing corpora has helped to reveal patterns
    of real language use
  • ACORN project aims to provide corpus analyses in
    output formats suitable for teaching and learning
  • Goals of using corpora in Grammar Clinics
  • show students many more examples (than in grammar
    books)
  • authentic examples
  • corpora as self-access support while writing
    essays, preparing for exams

3
Case study
  • Beginners grammar clinics group (GC1)
  • Corpus-based approach
  • explain grammar topic create exercises involving
    corpus search for examples that match grammar
    statements
  • Deductive method
  • Advanced grammar clinics group (GC2)
  • Corpus-driven approach
  • lexical items (eg verbs, prepositions) are
    specified students analyse concordances
    themselves they find, list and explain the
    frequent grammar patterns
  • Inductive method

4
Corpus-based exercises in GC1 ser and estar
  • SER
  • In equational sentences of the sort AB, where A
    and B are nouns or pronouns.
  • With adjectives or adjectival phrases referring
    to identity or nature.
  • Followed by de noun to denote origin or the
    material something is made of.
  • In impersonal statements.
  • ESTAR
  • To describe state as opposed to identity or
    nature.
  • Followed by de adjective or noun to indicate
    mood, temporary employment or situation.
  • To indicate location.

5
Ser and estar Concordance lines from ACORN for
es (GC1)
6
Ser and estar Concordance lines from ACORN for
está (GC1)
7
Corpus-driven exercises with GC2 Concordance
lines from ACORN for the preposition para
8
Corpus-driven exercises with GC2 Concordance
lines from ACORN for por
9
por and para functions figured out by students
(GC2)
  • PARA
  • To indicate purpose, object or destination.
  • Direction after verbs of motion.
  • To translate for when it means considering.
  • To translate by in time phrases.
  • To translate the idea of for specifying a
    period of time in the future
  • POR
  • To denote because, because of and why?
  • To translate by in passive constructions.
  • To translate in support of.
  • To indicate prices and amounts of money.
  • To indicate periodicity in time phrases.

10
Students exercises (GC2)
11
Students exercises (GC2)
12
Conclusions
  • Change of attitude of the students towards corpus
    methodology
  • Labs suitable for the teaching of grammar
  • The Spanish corpus in ACORN needs improvement
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