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Herbal Supplements and Health

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Aloe Vera. Claims: 'Cure all' tonic, for the treatment of acne, burns, minor wounds ... Aloe Vera. Effectiveness varies with product. Advised not to use for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Herbal Supplements and Health


1
Herbal Supplements and Health
  • The physical and mental value of dietary herbal
    supplements.

2
Origin of Herbal Medicine
  • Primitive men and women treated illnesses using
    plants, animal parts, and minerals not part of a
    common diet.

3
  • Physical evidence goes back 60,000 years to the
    burial site of a Neanderthal man who was buried
    with 8 species of plants.
  • Seven of these plants are still used in medicine
    today.

4
Herbal Supplements Today
  • A resurgence of interest in herbal medicine
    originated in the 1970s.
  • This movement began with peoples disillusionment
    with modern medicine- its high cost and inability
    to cure everything.
  • The partisans of this resurgence were more
    enthusiastic than knowledgeable. No laws were
    made about labeling products and outrageous
    claims were made about the abilities of herbal
    supplements.

5
  • Despite the importance of plants in medicine, the
    FDA considers some herbal remedies to be
    worthless or potentially dangerous.
  • Now herbal products can only be marketed as food
    supplements and must have the FDAs approval to
    make specific health claims.

6
Uses of Herbal Supplements
  • Physical
  • For the treatment of sickness and disease.
  • Athletic and Weight-loss purposes.
  • Mental
  • For the treatment of memory loss, depression,
    sleep, and stress.

7
Treatment of Sickness and Disease
  • All herbal medicines can be prepared as a tea.
  • Drink a glass 3 times a day, use the dried leaves
    of the plant, and usually use about half an ounce
    of the herb.

8
Common Herbs
  • Aloe Vera
  • Claims Cure all tonic, for the treatment of
    acne, burns, minor wounds
  • Effective for the topical treatment of wounds,
    burns, and frostbite.

9
Aloe Vera
  • Effectiveness varies with product.
  • Advised not to use for internal uses.
  • Could lead to abdominal cramping, diarrhea, loss
    of potassium, discoloration of urine.

10
Garlic
  • Claims Antibiotic, antiviral, general cure all,
    lowering of blood pressure, cholesterol, and
    regulation of circulatory system.

11
Garlic
  • Well studied herb.
  • Shown to lower cholestreol by 9-12 in 8-16 weeks
    of use.
  • May also possess antibiotic activities.
  • Large doses may cause heartburn.

12
Garlic
  • Used in Europe as an approved remedy for
    cardiovascular conditions and for the use of the
    flu and colds.

13
Ginger
  • Claims Treatment of Arthritis, heart tissue,
    motion sickness and nausea.
  • Proven to be effective in nausea, motion
    sickness, and arthritis.
  • It is possible that it treats heart tissue but
    not likely.

14
Ginger
  • However, there are many precautions for the use
    of ginger.
  • The use of ginger may inhibit the chemicals
    involved in platelet aggression.
  • This leads to increased and prolonged bleeding.

15
Peppermint
  • Claims
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritable Bowl Syndrome
  • Chills and nausea
  • Convulsions
  • Headaches

16
Peppermint
  • Has only been proved to decrease muscle spasms.
  • Overuse can lead to heartburn, esophageal
    sphincter relaxations, irritation of mucous
    membranes, and allergic reactions.

17
Mental Supplements
  • There are several very popular mental supplements
    designed to aid in memory, stress, depression,
    sleep, and other mental related problems.
    Although there are only a few of the herbal
    supplements they are widely used and accepted by
    the public. There are many claims regarding the
    effectiveness of these supplements, and the only
    difficult problem is discovering which claims are
    true and which are false.

18
Ginkgo Biloba
  • Claims and effects
  • Improved memory
  • Reduce Alzheimers effects
  • Helps hearing loss
  • Helps depression
  • Helps calm asthma

19
Ginkgo Biloba
  • Ginkgo balboa extract increases blood flow to the
    brain by inhibiting blood platelet aggregation
    and by regulating blood vessel elasticity. It
    has also been shown to improve blood flow through
    major blood vessels and capillaries.

20
Does It Work????
  • NO!!!

21
Ginkgo Biloba
  • In extensive studies and various research
    experiments, ginkgo biloba has been shown to be
    completely ineffective against fighting memory
    loss, hearing loss, depression, and asthma.
    There is not enough well documented evidence to
    prove conclusively that ginkgo does not work when
    used in extremely large quantities.

22
Ginkgo Biloba
  • Side Effects
  • Mild Gastrointestinal Upset
  • Mild Headaches

23
St. Johns Wort
  • St. Johns wort has been used to
  • Prevent depression
  • Decrease Stress Levels
  • Help nervous conditions
  • Decrease severity of bacterial infection

24
St. Johns Wort
  • How it works
  • Hyperforin is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor. It
    is the compound in the plant and suspected as
    having antidepressant effects.

25
Does It Work????
  • YES AND NO ????????

26
St. Johns Wort
  • Has been proven to be mildly helpful in very mild
    to moderate cases of depression. The more
    serious the case, the less that St. Johns Wort
    helps. In the worst cases of depression, it can
    actually hurt the situation.

27
St. Johns Wort
  • Side effects
  • In cases of major depression, it may worsen the
    case.
  • Blurred vision, constipation, urinary retention,
    and excessive drowsiness.

28
Sleep Aids
  • There are many different herbal sleep aids that
    are considered safer than, and sometimes as
    effective as prescription sleep aids. These
    herbs can help sleep by using aromas or teas.

29
Sleep Aids
  • Claims and effects
  • Helps Insomnia
  • Helps all chronic sleep disorders.
  • Helps with headaches and restlessness.

30
Sleep Aids
  • Some examples of herbal sleep aids are
  • Chamomile
  • Hops
  • California Poppy
  • Catnip
  • Lemon Balm
  • Lavender
  • Passion Flower
  • Skullcap
  • Valerian Root

31
Do They Work????
  • YES!!!

32
Sleep Aids
  • Herbal sleep aids do work, and actually with
    little to no side effects. They are successful
    at calming and relaxing the body and assisting in
    the reduction of insomnia and other various sleep
    disorders.

33
Exercise and Diet Supplements
  • In Todays World, Many People Are Taking Herbal
    Supplements to Increase Their Energy and Weight
    Loss.

34
How many of you have seen this?
  • Magazines and tabloids often carry ads for herbal
    supplements, usually accompanied by a man with a
    body like Brad Pitt or a woman who looks like
    shes walked straight out of Baywatch.

35
Do They Really Work?
  • Despite these claims, some experts have serious
    doubts about the efficacy of these herbal
    remedies as answers for weight loss and energy.

36
Exercise and Diet Supplements
  • Common supplements
  • Exercise
  • Ginseng
  • Bell pollen
  • Weight Loss
  • Ephedra

37
Ginseng
  • Most common form is Asian ginseng
  • A perennial herb of northern China, Korea, Japan,
    and Russia
  • Must be grown for 5 years before harvested

38
Ginseng
  • The root is the most widely used part
  • Harvested in the fall just before defoliation

39
Ginseng
  • How it works?
  • Not knownit is suggested that ginseng increases
    cerebrovascular flow
  • Dosage
  • Usual daily dose is 200mg

40
Does it Work?
  • In a 9-week, double blind, placebo- controlled
    trial of 30 highly trained athletes, treatment
    with ginseng produced significant improvements in
    aerobic capacity.
  • But

41
Does it Work?
  • There were negative results in an 8 week, double
    blind trial that followed 31 healthy men in their
    twenties and another 8 week trial which showed
    that ginseng improved aerobic capacity in people
    who did not exercise, but gave no additional
    benefit to those who did.

42
Bee Pollen
  • Referred to as natures most complete food
  • Praised in the Bible and ancient Chinese texts

43
What is Bee Pollen?
  • It is the male seed of a flower blossom which has
    been gathered by the bees and to which special
    elements from the bees has been added. The
    honeybee collects pollen and mixes it with its
    own digestive enzymes. One pollen granule
    contains from one hundred thousand to five
    million pollen spores, each capable of
    reproducing its entire species.

44
Bee Pollen
  • Bee pollen rejuvenates your body, stimulates
    organs and glands, enhances vitality, and brings
    about a longer life span. Bee pollen's ability to
    consistently and noticeably increase energy
    levels makes it a favorite substance among many
    world class athletes and those interested in
    sustaining and enhancing quality performance.

45
Bee Pollen
  • Bee Pollen contains
  • -25 complete protein
  • -18 amino acids
  • -12 vitamins
  • -28 minerals
  • -11 enzymes
  • -14 beneficial fatty acids
  • -11 carbohydrates
  • -Basically everything needed for human survival

46
Bee Pollen and Exercise
  • Produces an accelerated rate of recovery-normal
    heart rate and breathing
  • It provides energy, stamina, and strength, and
    enhances performance levels.
  • Improves second performances

47
Does it Work?
  • Numerous studies have shown that taking Bee
    Pollen does in fact increase your energy and
    stamina during exercise and repeated events

48
Ephedra
  • Also known as Ma Huang
  • Popular diet supplement in the U.S.
  • Has been used in Chinese medicine for thousands
    of years

49
How Does it Work?
  • Ephedrine alkaloids-naturally occurring compounds
    which act as a mild stimulant
  • Enhances energy
  • Similar to caffeine

50
How Does it Work?
  • Stimulates fat metabolism
  • Burns fat and sugar more effectively
  • Reduces appetite
  • Mobilizes stored fat and carbohydrate reserves

51
Does it Work?
  • Numerous studies have shown that ephedra is
    effective for losing weight
  • It is most effective when used with caffeine
  • Popular diet supplements containing ephedra are
    Metabolife and MetaboMax
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