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Can ICT transform the sustainable agriculture production scenario and bridge the divide and the ineq

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Title: Can ICT transform the sustainable agriculture production scenario and bridge the divide and the ineq


1
Can ICT transform the sustainable agriculture
production scenario and bridge the divide and the
inequalities among groups?
P. Adhiguru National Centre for Agricultural
Economics and Policy Research (NCAP) New Delhi
2
Changing Agricultural Scenario
  • Globalization and liberalization
  • Consumer interest
  • Changing consumer preferences
  • Diversification of food basket
  • Quality food products
  • Value added/ processed food products
  • Competitive price

3
Changing Agricultural Scenario
  • National
  • Raising and stabilizing income over seasons
  • Generating employment opportunities
  • Alleviating poverty and undernourishment
  • Participating effectively in new trade regime
  • Regional equity
  • Improving food security
  • Improving sustainable farming systems

4
Information is vital-Why?(in the context of
globalization)
  • Yield enhancement
  • Production efficiency
  • Judicious use of inputs
  • Knowledge intensive technologies
  • Precision farming
  • Quality farm produce
  • Grading and standardization
  • Information access cost reduction
  • Transaction cost reduction
  • Cold chain management

5
Information is vital-Why?(in the context of
globalization)
  • Post harvest processing
  • Overcoming price instability
  • Glut avoidance
  • Risk management
  • Export oriented production
  • Increasing cropping intensity
  • Diversification
  • Reduction of intermediaries
  • Efficient credit utilization
  • Loss prevention (Natural/pests diseases)

6
Information needs of farmers
  • Input market
  • Technological information (E.g. Enterprise mix)
  • Financial market
  • Output market
  • Consumer market
  • Socio-economic development
  • Special information (e.g Early warning system,
    Crop Insurance, )

7
Information flow inadequacy
  • Inadequate extension coverage
  • Less interactive
  • Time consuming
  • Multi-step communication channel
  • Traditional methods become expensive.

8
Dividers and issues
9
Share of operational holdings by size group
Source Jha, D. Presidential Address, ISAE, 2001
10
ICTs potential in transforming agriculture and
bridging the divide
  • Broadening content coverage
  • Providing time sensitive/customized/ early
    warning information/standardized calculations
  • Complementing traditional extension/ information
    service
  • Disseminating messages far and wide very quickly.
  • Providing scope for equal accessibility to
    vulnerable groups (small marginal farmers,
    women)

11
ICTs potential in transforming agriculture and
bridging the divide
  • Providing alternative solutions to a set of
    problematic situations/ scenarios, thereby
    facilitating decision making based on optimum
    combinations of solutions.
  • Improving two-way vertical and horizontal
    communications within extension institutions and
    with other developmental organizations.
  • Receiving bottom-up articulation of development
    needs/ perceptions of farmers and rural
    households.

12
ICTs potential in transforming agriculture and
bridging the divide
  • Creating awareness and providing details about
    agricultural programs empower the farmers.
  • Reducing transaction costs in accessing
    information, purchasing inputs and sale of
    outputs.
  • Providing regional specific information to
    satisfy farmers needs (e.g. contents of soils,
    local policies etc.)
  • Direct involvement of scientists/technology
    developer in the preparation of technological
    messages and in answering queries thereby
    reducing distortion of messages.
  • Flexibility in terms of time and frequency for
    accessing the information by users add value to
    time.

13
Strategies and Policies
  • Formulate conducive ICT policy in Agriculture at
    national and state level.
  • Policies with regard to tax and tariff to be
    conducive for faster ICT infrastructure
    development in rural areas.
  • National Agricultural Research System to be more
    proactive in user friendly, need based and
    locally relevant content development, hosting and
    inter-linking of web-sites.
  • Periodic assessment of information needs and
    information access preferences of farmers to be
    done so as to make ICT demand driven.
  • Location specific need assessment is to include
    group specific needs.
  • Capacity building programs are to include group
    specific sensitivity training modules.

14
  • Emphasis on gender equity by providing womens
    accesses to ICT, ensuring women-oriented content,
    and increased women participation in application
    of ICT.
  • Include contents so as to attract youth who can
    serve as sparkplug in in use of kiosks. Because
    youth tend to be less computer shy.
  • Pooling of resources, aggregation of demand,
    scale neutrality to benefit small holders.
  • Self-help group approach to enhance affordability
    of the group to avail services or use resources.
  • Socio-psychological-cultural assessment be made
    to integrate ICT model with local culture.
  • Enterprise wise time sensitivity assessment for
    designing static, dynamic and real time content,
    early warning system.
  • More thrust on wireless ICT model to suit to
    remote areas/hilly areas/ less populated hamlets.
  • Use of graphics, voice-overs, vernacular user
    interface software to enhance cognitive access of
    illiterates- semi-literates.
  • Demand driven technology baskets to form the core
    content for dissemination.

15
To Sum up
  • Information and Interface Media planning and
    capacity building
  • Integrated support Quality service
    Infrastructure
  • Institutional arrangement Complimenting
    Public-Private partnership
  • Incentives use of advanced alternative
    technologies
  • InvestmentIncreasing public investment for
    infrastructure and Agri-ICT programs

16
  • Thank you

17
Role of ICT in taking Scientific Knowledge/
Technologies to the End users
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