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Doctors in Somalia

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Borders: Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean. East of Ethiopia. Slightly smaller ... Uranium, Iron ore, Tin, Gypsum, Bauxite, Copper, Salt, Natural Gas, Oil reserves ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Doctors in Somalia


1
Doctors in Somalia
  • Presented by
  • Erin Slabonik
  • Damian Humeniuk

2
Geography
  • Eastern Africa
  • Borders Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean
  • East of Ethiopia
  • Slightly smaller than Texas

3
Land, Climate, Resources
  • Terrain-flat, undulating plateaus
  • 1.66 arable land/ 0.04 perm. crops
  • Desert
  • Northeast Monsoons
  • Southwest Monsoons
  • Uranium, Iron ore, Tin, Gypsum, Bauxite, Copper,
    Salt, Natural Gas, Oil reserves

4
Environmental Issues
  • Famine
  • Contaminated Water
  • Deforestation
  • Overgrazing
  • Soil erosion
  • Desertification

5
People
  • Population 7,753,310 (as of 1975)
  • Official census by Somali Government
  • Nomads/ Refugees
  • Population Growth 3.46 (2002)
  • Age Structure
  • 0-14 44.7
  • 15-64 52.6
  • 65 2.7

6
People cont
  • Birth Rates 48.63 births/1000
  • Death Rates 17.99 deaths/1000
  • Infant Mortality 122.15 deaths/1000 live births
  • Life Expectancy Female 48.65yrs Males 45.33yrs
  • Fertility Rate 7.05 children/ 1 woman

7
People cont
  • Ethnic Groups
  • 85 Somali
  • 15 Bantu, and other non-Somali (including Arabs)
  • Religions Sunni Muslim
  • Languages
  • Somali (Official)
  • Arabic, Italian, English
  • Literacy Rate 15yrs and older M49.7 F25.8

8
Government
  • NO PERMANENT NATIONAL GOVERNMENT!
  • Capital Mogadishu
  • Independence July 1, 1960
  • National Holiday Foundation of Somali Rep.
  • Executive Branch
  • Legislative Branch
  • Judicial Branch

9
Economy
  • One of the worlds poorest and least developed
  • GDP ppp 4.1 billion (2001)
  • GDP Real Growth Rate 3
  • GDP per capita/ppp 550
  • Agricultural Products cattle, sheep, goats,
    bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugar
    cane, mangos, sesame seeds, beans, fish

10
Economy cont
  • Exports 186 million
  • Livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap
    metal
  • Imports 314 million
  • Manufactures, petroleum products, construction
    materials
  • Currency Somali shilling
  • 11,000 shillings/1 US

11
Military
  • Somali National Army under reformation
  • Military Expenditures 15.3 million
  • Military Expenditures GDP 0.9

12
Pictures
13
(No Transcript)
14
Being a Doctor in Somalia
  • Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors w/o Borders)
  • In Somalia since 1986
  • Voluntary
  • 500,000 people threatened by food shortages
  • Less than 15 qualified doctors/1,000,000 people
  • 72 of population has no access to healthcare
  • 77 have no access to clean water
  • 2 million people have been displaced or killed
    since the civil war started in 1990

15
Doctor cont
  • Acute malnutrition rate for the country is 17
  • War casualties
  • 500 new wounded everyday

16
Health Services
  • Biggest problem facing Somalis today
  • Hospitals have a lack of funding, equipment,
    qualified staff, and drugs
  • Health clinics

17
Diseases Plaguing Somalia
  • Leading Diseases Diarrhea, acute respiratory
    infections, cholera, malaria, TB, measles, AIDs
  • Malnutrition, Dehydration, Lack of Sanitation

18
Any Questions?
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