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Korea

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assimilate and adapt it. and create local knowledge. Knowledge Economy Framework. Education ... assimilate and adapt it. and create local knowledge. To ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Korea


1
Koreas Knowledge Economy Education in the
Information Age
  • James F. Larson, Ph.D. Deputy Director Fulbright
    Commission, Seoul Spring 2008

2
Presentation Overview
  • The Knowledge Economy framework in Historical
    Context.
  • Key features of South Koreas education sector.
  • Aspects and indicators of Koreas evolving
    information society.
  • How Fulbright Korea can help you.

3
Knowledge Economy Framework
Provides incentives for the efficient creation,
dissemination, and use of existing knowledge
Economic and Institutional Regime
4
Knowledge Economy Framework
Provides incentives for the efficient creation,
dissemination, and use of existing knowledge
Necessary for the creation and effective use of
knowledge
Economic and Institutional Regime
Education
5
Knowledge Economy Framework
Provides incentives for the efficient creation,
dissemination, and use of existing knowledge
Necessary for the creation and effective use of
knowledge
Economic and Institutional Regime
Education
Innovation
Effective system of firms, research centers,
universities that can tap into global
knowledge, assimilate and adapt it and create
local knowledge
6
Knowledge Economy Framework
Provides incentives for the efficient creation,
dissemination, and use of existing knowledge
Necessary for the creation and effective use of
knowledge
Economic and Institutional Regime
Education
Information Infrastructure
Innovation
Effective system of firms, research centers,
universities that can tap into global
knowledge, assimilate and adapt it and create
local knowledge
To facilitate the effective communication,
dissemination, and processing of information
7
Knowledge Economy Framework
Provides incentives for the efficient creation,
dissemination, and use of existing knowledge
Necessary for the creation and effective use of
knowledge
Economic and Institutional Regime
Education
Information Infrastructure
Innovation
Effective system of firms, research centers,
universities that can tap into global
knowledge, assimilate and adapt it and create
local knowledge
To facilitate the effective communication,
dissemination, and processing of information
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12
Knowledge Economic Growth
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14
Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.

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Specialized High Schools
  • A high school with an animation department
    http//www.bchs.hs.kr/
  • Korea Game Science High School http//www.game.hs.
    kr/
  • Daewon Foreign Language High School
    http//daewon.seoul.kr/dflhs/dflhs_eng/daefh_mseng
    01.asp

17
Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.
  • Korea has the worlds highest rate of H.S.
    graduates going on to higher education

18
Advancement/Employment Rate for High School
Graduates
19
Advancement/Employment Rate for University
Graduates
20
Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.
  • Korea has the worlds highest rate of H.S.
    graduates going on to higher education
  • Korea is the number one source of international
    students in the United States.

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Academic Level of Korean Students in the U.S.
(2006/7 Open Doors)
  • 45.2 undergraduate
  • 38.4 graduate students
  • 7.2 other
  • 9.2 OPT (Optional Practical Training)

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Open Doors Data-Intensive English
Rank Place of Origin Students S-Weeks
WORLD TOTAL 45,167 636,522
1 Korea, Rep. of (South) 10,026 141,336
2 Japan 7,453 94,649
3 Saudi Arabia 5,047 126,996
4 Taiwan 4,748 68,868
5 Brazil 1,572 14,351
6 China 1,461 18,686
7 France 1,008 7,688
8 Thailand 975 13,105
25
The Education Deficit
  • Refers to the growing number of students going
    overseas for education, especially at the
    secondary level and earlier.
  • Large recent growth in secondary level students
    going abroad.

26
Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.
  • Korea has the worlds highest rate of H.S.
    graduates going on to higher education
  • Korea is the number one source of international
    students in the United States.
  • It invests more private funds in education than
    other countries. Private institutes are a major
    political issue.

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Koreas Services Deficit
29
More Americans Coming to Korea
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Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.
  • Korea has the worlds highest rate of H.S.
    graduates going on to higher education
  • Korea is the number one source of international
    students in the United States.
  • It invests more private funds in education than
    other countries. Private institutes are a major
    political issue.

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Private Versus Public Expenditure
34
Private Education is Big Business in Korea
  • The industry is estimated to be worth 20-30
    trillion won (21 billion to 32 billion).
  • Samsung Securities estimated the market would
    reach 28.6 trillion won this year.

35
Private Institutes in Korea
  • 77 percent of Korean students are getting private
    education
  • Averaging 7.8 hours per week
  • 222,000 won per child
  • 20.4 trillion won expenditure last year

36
Investment in English Education
  • Koreans spend an estimated 16 billion per year
    on private institutes and tutoring.
  • This estimate includes English lessons at the
    kindergarten level and expenses for those
    families who go overseas for study.
  • Source Samsung Research Institute

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Koreas Education Sector
  • Specialized and private high schools.
  • Korea has the worlds highest rate of H.S.
    graduates going on to higher education
  • Korea is the number one source of international
    students in the United States.
  • It invests more private funds in education than
    other countries. Private institutes and the
    education deficit are major political issues.
  • President-elect Lee Myung Baks government
    pledges major educational reforms.

39
President-elect Lee Myung Baks Promised Reforms
  • Doing away with the former three nos policy
    which prevented universities from
  • administering their own entrance exams
  • ranking high schools and
  • accepting donations for admitting students.
  • Giving universities full autonomy in the
    selection of students.

40
President-elect Lee Myung Baks Promised Reforms
  • Reducing the role of private education and
    strengthening the public education system.
  • Education Ministry has become the Ministry of
    Education, Science and Technology

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45
Highlights of the New Governments
English-Friendly Plan
  • Govt to invest 4.2 billion over the next five
    years
  • To introduce Teaching English in English
  • To outsource 23,000 teachers
  • Reduce English class size from 35 to 23
  • Offer immersion and other training to English
    teachers
  • Utilize housewives and overseas Koreans
  • Introduce an English proficiency test to replace
    current tests

46
Government Plan is Controversial
47
LG Electronics Adopts English
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49
2. Koreas Information Revolution
  • Broadband Internet and household communications
    expenditures
  • Exports of telecoms equipment
  • Digital Opportunity Index
  • Koreas Ubiquitous Networked Society plan
  • Limits placed by language
  • Koreas Digital Divide

50
Is this service or is this service?
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54
Household Internet Access-OECD
55
Weekly Internet Access Hours
56
Household Investments in OECD Countries
57
Relative Communication Expenditures by OECD
Countries
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Koreas Exports of Telecommunications Equipment
  • A key measure of the information society.
  • Telecommunications Equipment Includes, Among
    Others
  • Various kinds of phone handsets
  • Fax machines, printers
  • Telephone switching devices
  • Broadcasting apparatus
  • In generalcomponents of modern networks

60
Koreas Exports of Telecommunication Equipment
  • In 2005 Korea ranked third among OECD countries,
    after the UK and Germany and ahead of the U.S.
    with over 20 billion in exports (OECD
    Communications Outlook 2007).
  • The same year it ranked 17th in telecoms
    equipment imports with about 3 billion.

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Samsung and LG TVs and Displays
63
Indicators of the Information Age in Korea
  • The growth rate of the IT industry in 2006
    surpassed that of the non-IT industry by 3.9
    times,whose proportion in total GDP exceeded
    16.2 for the first time in history.
  • Korea leads the world in the ITUs Digital
    Opportunity Index

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Indicators of the Information Age in Korea
  • Koreas current rate of Internet usage by those
    over the age 6 had reached 75.5 by June 2007,
  • The number of broadband Internet subscribers had
    reached 14.44 million, indicating 90 of total
    households in Korea had access to broadband
    Internet.

67
The u-Korea Master Plan
  • to establish developmental strategy in coping
    with the future informatization paradigm shift to
    the ubiquitous society
  • To facilitate IT growth
  • Next generation mobile communication
  • Digital TV broadcasting
  • Displays
  • Next generation semiconductor

68
The u-Korea Master Plan
  • Digital content
  • Intelligent robots
  • Intelligent home networks
  • Software solutions (built-in software)
  • Next generation battery
  • Next generation PCs

69
http//www.ubiquitousdream.or.kr/
70
Songdo U-City www.songdo.com
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72
Koreas Digital Divide Communications and
National Reunification
  • The problem with indicators of the information
    age is that they apply to only half of the Korean
    peninsula
  • Recent approval of .kp domain name for North
    Korea
  • Two parts of communication disparity
    infrastructure and news/information flow.

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74
Language as a Limiting Factor
  • People, including Koreans, prefer to surf the web
    in their own language.
  • In Korea, almost everyone uses Naver to search,
    for one reason. It is all in Korean.
  • Web usage in Korea only started to increase when
    the number of .kr domains dramatically increased,
    indicating Korean-language content.

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Growth of .kr domains
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The Fulbright Commission in Seoul, Korea
  • Founded by the U.S. and Korea just before the
    Korean War broke out.
  • One of the largest Fulbright Commissions
    worldwide.
  • Three major areas of activity
  • Fulbright grants and some other smaller grant
    programs.
  • U.S. Education Center a State Department
    Affiliated Advising Center
  • Academic Testing

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Services for U.S. Educational Institutions
  • Our U.S. Education Center works with all major
    U.S. study fairs in Korea.

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Services for U.S. Educational Institutions
  • Our U.S. Education Center works with all major
    U.S. study fairs in Korea.
  • We provide an array of web and event services to
    help U.S. schools promote themselves to
    prospective Korean students.

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Services for U.S. Schools
  • Our U.S. Education Center works with all major
    U.S. study fairs in Korea.
  • We provide an array of web and event services to
    help U.S. schools promote themselves to
    prospective Korean students.
  • We work closely with the Korea Overseas Study
    Association (KOSA)

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Services for U.S. Schools
  • Were launching an English-language blog for U.S.
    schools and educational organizations
    http//fulbrightkorea.wordpress.com/
  • A description of our services and prices can be
    found at http//www.educationusa.or.kr/en/usec/ser
    vices.php02
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