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Title:

Groupthink

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(3) Cohesiveness work-together-ability: the glue that holds the group together. ... High Cohesiveness. Specific characteristics of the environment in which ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Groupthink


1
Groupthink
  • Theorist Janis

2
Groupthink Defined
  • A way of deliberating that group members use when
    the desire for unanimity overrides their
    motivation to assess all available plans of
    action.

3
Assumptions That Guide the Theory
  • Group problem solving is primarily a unified
    process.
  • Affiliative constraint group members hold input
    r/t risk rejection.

4
(assumptions, cont.)
  • Groups and group decision making are frequently
    complex.
  • Group members must be aware of the alternatives
    available to them.
  • Must understand fellow group members
  • Deal w/different influences including age, size
    of group, sex, intelligence, leadership styles,
    etc.
  • Operate knowing theyll be judged by others.

5
(assumptions, cont.)
  • Homogeneity group members have some kind of
    similar characteristic as a group
  • (3) Cohesiveness work-together-ability the
    glue that holds the group together.
  • Cohesion is good too much cohesion is bad.

6
Conditions of Groupthink
  • High Cohesiveness
  • Specific characteristics of the environment in
    which the group functions.

7
(conditions, cont.)
  • Stressful internal and external characteristics
  • Group insulation (closed system)
  • Lack of impartial leadership
  • Lack of decision making procedures
  • Stress on group internal and external

8
Symptoms of groupthink
  • Overestimation of group
  • Illusion of invulnerability
  • Belief in the inherent morality of the group
  • Closed mindedness
  • Out group sterotypes
  • Collective rationalization

9
(symptoms cont.)
  • Pressure towards uniformity
  • Self-censorship
  • Illusion of unanimity
  • Self-appointed mindguards
  • Pressure on dissenters
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