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Colorado Subalpine Forest

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Title: Colorado Subalpine Forest


1
Colorado Subalpine Forest
  • By Andrea Jeffrey

2
Abiotic Features
  • The mean temperature in the subalpine forest is
    from the sub zero's to the mid 70s.
  • The annual precipitation is around 22 in/year.
    This is almost double of what the plains receive.

3
Biotic features primary plants
  • Subalpine fir, Limber pine, Engelmann spruce,
    Blueberry, Elder, Cinquefoil, Woods Rose, Wax
    Current, Arnica, Needle grass, Fairy Slipper,
    Colorado Blue Columbine, Gentian, Sneeze Weed,
    Lousewort, Twinflower, Pipsissewa, Sedge, Senecio

4
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5
Biotic Features primary Animals
  • Animals-Pine Marten, Black Bear, Bobcat,
    Chipmunk, Nuttalls Cottontail, Coyote, Mule
    Deer, Elk, Chickaree, Mountain Lion, Yellow
    Bellied Marmot, Deer Mouse, Porcupine, Snowshoe
    Hare, Shrew, Golden Mantle Ground Squirrel, Long
    Tailed Weasel, Meadow Vale, Bushy Tailed Wood
    Rat.
  • Birds- Red Crossbill, Yellow-Rump Warbler, Raven
  • Insects-Bark Beetle, Silver-Bordered Fritillary,
    larvae

6
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9
Disturbances
  • Giant Avalanches
  • Snow blindness (people and animals)
  • Forest fires
  • Roads

10
Yellow-rump Warbler
  • Order Passeriformes
  • Family Parulidae

11
Physical description of Yellow-rump warbler
  • Yellow-rump warblers are impressive in their
    sheer numbers with which they flood the continent
    each fall. They appear to be streaky brown and
    yellow. They are fairly large, full-bodied
    warblers with a large head, sturdy bill, and a
    long narrow tail. Both sexes in summer are a gray
    with places of white in their wings, yellow on
    the face, sides and rump. Males are shaded while
    females are more dull with some brown. In winter,
    they are a pale brown, with a bright yellow rump,
    and usually some yellow on the sides.

12
Habitats of the yellow-rump warbler
  • In summer, they are birds of open coniferous
    forests and edges, and lesser extent, deciduous
    forests. In fall and winter, they move to open
    woods and shrubby habitats, including coastal
    vegetation, parks, and residential areas.

13
Behaviors of the yellow-rump warbler
  • Yellow-rump Warblers typically forage in the
    outer tree canopies at middle heights. They are
    active, usually out to catch insects, or are on
    long flights. In winter they spend their time
    mostly eating berries from shrubs, and often
    travel in large flocks.

14
Diet of Yellow-rump Warbler
  • Yellow-rump Warblers mostly eat insects and
    berries that they encounter while they are on
    their long journeys.

15
Mountain Lion
  • Order Carnivora
  • Family Felidae

16
Physical Description of Mountain Lions
  • Females weigh, on average, 100 Pounds, and males
    150 pounds. They range from 6.5 ft. for females,
    and up to 8 ft. for males, not including the
    tail, which is 21-36 in. Their body is tawny, or
    golden brown with dark stripes around the muzzle.
    The back of the ears and the tip of tail are a
    blackish-brown. The belly is a buff color. The
    chest and throat are white. Kittens are spotted
    with dark rings until they are six months old.
    They are very good climbers and can leap 12 ft.
    in the air and jump safely from a height of 60
    ft. They can outrun a deer, but only for short
    distances. They swim only when it is necessary.

17
Habitats of the mountain lion
  • Mountain lions are generally found in mountainous
    areas, but can range from open woodlands to dense
    forests. They are solitary animals that pair for
    only 2 weeks during breeding season. They use
    scrapes to mark their territory, which consists
    of mounds of dirt, leaves, and other debris piled
    into a heap and soaked with urine and sometimes
    scat.

18
Behaviors of the Mountain Lion
  • Mountain lions are expert hunters and are capable
    of taking down an adult male elk.

19
Diet of the mountain lion
  • Their diet varies according to season,
    availability, appetite, and hunting skill. They
    feed primarily on large mammals such as deer, but
    also eat rabbits, rodents, porcupines, beavers,
    preccaries, and birds.

20
Colorado columbine
  • Order Ranuncales
  • Family Ranunculacae

21
Physical Description of The Colorado Columbine
  • The Rocky Mountain Columbine is the state flower
    of Colorado. Its color varies through a wonderful
    range of whites, blues, and purples, and its
    flowers thrive from June through August. The five
    petals have unusual and showy spurs, which are
    larger than the petals.

22
Habitats of the Colorado Columbine
  • The Colorado Columbine can be found in moist
    areas in clearings, the edge of pine forests, in
    aspen groves, and mountain drainages.

23
Special Adaptations of the Colorado Columbine
  • The Colorado columbine occurs throughout the
    Rocky Mountains and is found in Sagebrush,
    Pinyon-juniper, mountain brush, aspen,
    Douglas-fir, aspen tall forb, spruce-fir, and
    alpine-tundra communities. It tolerates a wide
    range of soils except the heavy, poorly drained
    ones. It prefers rich, moist soils with light to
    moderate shade.

24
Links to Websites (references)
  • directorsimon.wordpress.com/.../
  • www.photographersdirect.com/buyers/stockphoto...
  • www.birdguy.net/reports/paas_winter08.2.html
  • www.myrvparks.com/favpics/favpics.php
  • www.edupic.net/birds2.htm
  • www.vancouverislandbirds.com/Journal165.html
  • depts.washington.edu/.../facts/gray_jay_712.html
  • www.stevegarufi.com/oldfall.htm
  • www.enjoyfrance.com/content/view/1430/36/
  • www.clevermag.com/essays2/bcfire.htm
  • www.freefoto.com/preview/01-47-44

25
References(cont.)
  • www.kevinkarlsonphotography.com/gallery/main....
  • gallery.pictopia.com/natgeo/photo/283505/
  • flickr.com/photos/scottandamy/2738335939/
  • picasaweb.google.com/.../wIftbltGrn64RED1YEqNlQ
  • http//www.nps.gov/room/naturescience/subalpine.ph
    p
  • http//www.coloradobirdingtrail.com/basics/subalpi
    ne
  • http//www.shelledy.mesa.k12.co.us/staff/computerl
    ab/coloradolifezones_subalpine.htm
  • http//www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/ab
    la.htm
  • http//www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/yellow-rumped_w
    arbler/id
  • http//southwestwildlife.org/pdf/MountainLionGlanc
    e.pdf
  • http//www.nsrl.ttu.edu/TMOT/Feliconc.htm
  • http//www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/Blue20Purple
    20Enlarged20Photo20Pages/aquilegia.htm
  • http//extension.usu.edu/rangeplants/htm/colorado-
    columbine/
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