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Euphemism: Collateral damage

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Euphemism: Collateral damage. Euphemisms. In our time, political speech and ... Euphemism and Doublespeak. Pre-emptive Strike. Regime Change. Friendly Fire ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Euphemism: Collateral damage


1
Euphemism Collateral damage
2
Euphemisms
  • In our time, political speech and writing are
    largely the defense of the indefensible.
  • George Orwell
  • Collateral Damage
  • Pre-emptive strike
  • Ethnic Cleansing
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Covert Operation
  • Reconnaissance

3
Euphemism and Doublespeak
  • Pre-emptive Strike
  • Regime Change
  • Friendly Fire
  • Correctional Institution
  • Workforce Adjustment
  • Streamlining
  • Workplace Rationalization
  • Layoff

4
Acadespeak
  • Objective considerations of contemporary
    phenomena compels the conclusion that success or
    failure in competitive activities exhibits no
    tendency to be commensurate with innate capacity,
    but that a considerable element of the
    unpredictable must invariably be taken into
    account.

5
Non-academic version
  • I returned and saw under the sun, that the race
    is not to the swift, nor yet riches to men of
    understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill
    but time and chance happeneth to them all.
  • Ecclesiastes

6
(No Transcript)
7
The Measurement of MeaningCharles E. Osgood 1957
  • Associations
  • Cultural, religious, visual, sound, smell
  • Evaluation
  • Bad or Good
  • Potency
  • Weak or Strong
  • Activity
  • Passive or Active

8
Bioweapons Tested in US
  • Source Associated Press, October 9, 2002.
  • Bioweapons Tested in U.S. in 1960s
  • By MATT KELLEY, Associated Press Writer
  • WASHINGTON (AP) -- The United States secretly
    tested chemical and biological weapons on
    American soil during the 1960s, newly
    declassified Pentagon reports show.
  • The tests included releasing deadly nerve agents
    in Alaska and spraying bacteria over Hawaii,
    according to the documents obtained Tuesday.
  • The United States also tested nerve agents in
    Canada and Britain in conjunction with those two
    countries.
  • The summaries of more than two dozen tests show
    that biological and chemical tests were much more
    widespread than the military has acknowledged
    previously.

9
Bioweapons
  • The documents did not say whether any civilians
    had been exposed to the poisons. Military
    personnel exposed to weapons agents would have
    worn protective gear, the Pentagon says.
  • "Our focus must be on quickly identifying those
    veterans who were involved, assessing whether
    they suffered any negative health consequences
    and, if warranted, providing them with adequate
    health care and compensation for their service,''
    said Rep. Chris Smith, R-N.J.
  • The tests were part of Project 112, a military
    program in the 1960s and 1970s to test chemical
    and biological weapons and defenses against them.
    Parts of the testing program done on Navy ships
    were called Project SHAD, or Shipboard Hazard and
    Defense.
  • Earlier this year, the Defense Department
    acknowledged for the first time that some of the
    1960s tests used real chemical and biological
    weapons, not just benign stand-ins.

10
Bioweapons Language
11
More Bioweapons Language
12
Yet More Bioweapons Language
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