Research-a-Palooza Randolph Bias, Sergeant-at-Arms School of Information The University of Texas at Austin October 28, 2003 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Research-a-Palooza Randolph Bias, Sergeant-at-Arms School of Information The University of Texas at Austin October 28, 2003

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Dr. Patricia Galloway. The University of Texas at Austin. School of ... Pat Galloway. People as Boundary Objects in Historical Archaeology. 22 ... Pat Galloway ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research-a-Palooza Randolph Bias, Sergeant-at-Arms School of Information The University of Texas at Austin October 28, 2003


1
Research-a-Palooza Randolph Bias,
Sergeant-at-Arms School of Information The
University of Texas at Austin October 28, 2003
2
Objective
  • - Allow us all to answer the question
  • What sort of research is going on in the
    iSchool?
  • - Give us some time to make contact with those
    whose research interests us.

3
From Foundations of Experimental Research
  • Science is basically a highly social enterprise
    in which new developments in knowledge are almost
    completely dependent upon the existing state of
    knowledge. This is why scientists are always
    eager to disseminate their findings and why they
    continually maintain communication with other
    scientists through journals and other channels
    such as research-a-paloozas. (Plutchik, 1968,
    p. 49)

4
Ground Rules
  • Each person gets 90 seconds to describe one of
    his/her research threads, accompanied by one
    PowerPoint slide.
  • When I change the slide to introduce the next
    person, you have 10 seconds to finish up.
  • If you find me rude, please get over it.

5
Think of this as your . . .
  • Elevator Pitch.
  • The goal is to explain your product or
    research in the time it takes to ride up in an
    elevator.
  • Your elevator pitch is a short speech on your
    researchs proposition its promise to
    deliver!
  • Being succinct with your pitch demonstrates
    clarity, focus, and purposefulness.

6
  • Randolph Bias
  • The effect of ClearType on programmer
    productivity

7
The effect of ClearType on programmer productivity
  • ClearType is a font-rendering technology designed
    to make on-screen text easier to read.
  • Microsoft has sponsored research at a bunch of
    schools Clemson, Ohio State, Wichita State to
    see if CT truly improves performance.
  • Dean Dillon (with Lisa Kleinman and Gilok Choi)
    is completing work on a large gift to study the
    effects of CT on office tasks. Early results are
    promising.
  • Microsoft awarded me a 100,000 gift to see if CT
    improves programmer performance. Im working
    with the UT Director of Enterprise Information
    Services to study her programmers next semester.
  • Real-world applicability but
  • steeped in basic visual processing.

8
  • Ellen Cunningham-Kruppa (PCS),
  • Abby Haywood (PCS conservator student),
  • Dr. Timothy Rowe (Geological Sciences)
  • In what instances can High-Resolution Computed
    X-ray Tomography be used effectively to reveal
    hidden components in binding structures?

9
Question In what instances can High-Resolution
Computed X-ray Tomography be used effectively to
reveal hidden components in binding structures?
  • A collaborative research project
  • Ellen Cunningham-Kruppa (PCS), Abby Haywood (PCS
    conservator student), and Dr. Timothy Rowe
    (Geological Sciences)
  • What will be done?
  • Create a mock-up binding to display a variety
    of qualities that are oftentimes hidden from a
    conservator as she researches the provenance of a
    bound structure in preparation for treatment.
  • Use conventional x-ray to obtain 2-dimensional
    images of the mock structure.
  • Use computed x-ray tomography to obtain
    3-dimensional images of the the mock structure.
  • Compare the resultant 2- and 3-dimensional
    images for informational content.

10
  • Loriene Roy
  • Various research efforts

11
Loriene Roy Current Research
  • 4. Webjunction.org marketing in Indian Country
    and LIS education
  • 6. A National Reading Club for Native Children
  • 7. LIBRA book recommender
  • I. Longitudinal Study of Spectrum Scholars for
    ALA
  • 2. Evaluation of 9 Tech Centers in Indian Country
    in AZ
  • 3. Evaluation of Ysleta del Sur Library/Education
    Center
  • 4. Native community response to virtual museums
    of indigenous material culture

12
Information Retrieval in the Texas Archival
Resources Online (TARO) System
  • Vidya Narayan
  • Dr. Patricia Galloway
  • The University of Texas at Austin
  • School of Information

Acknowledgements Kris Kiesling (HRC, UT
Austin) Chris Prom (Univ of Illinois) Fred
Gilmore (PCL, UT Austin) Minnie Rangel (PCL, UT
Austin)
13
Information Retrieval in the Texas Archival
Resources Online (TARO) System
  • Study the usage, commonalities and differences of
    Encoded Archival Description (EAD) tags in the
    TARO system.
  • Develop an EAD tag based retrieval system using
    Greenstone / Managing Gigabytes (open source,
    Digital Library Software)
  • Tags to be used include ltscopecontentgt,
    ltabstractgt and the like.
  • Use text clustering ideas, to explore the idea of
    identifying related finding aids and building a
    web of connected finding aids.
  • Performed a preliminary study of the TARO (1226
    finding aids) and identified the frequently used
    and rarely used EAD tags.
  • Notable was the different usage of the required
    tags (e.g.ltabstractgt, ltoriginationgt and the like)
    among repositories.
  • While EAD provides tags for electronically
    linking related finding aids, no such linkages
    between these were found in the TARO finding
    aids.
  • Working on identifying a vocabulary for a sample
    of tags within the repositories of TARO with a
    goal of extracting indexing terms.

14
  • Hannah Fischer
  • DC and the Down Under

15
DC and the Down Under
  • Parliaments and Congresses have very different
    procedures
  • These procedures lead to different information
    needs
  • I am interested in comparing these legislative
    information needs, in part because of the role
    the U.S. plays in setting up legislative branch
    research resources.

16
  • Karen Pavelka and Victoria Naipavel-Heiduschke
  • Who put the ass in acetate

17
Acetate Negative Project Karen Pavelka and
Victoria Naipavel-Heiduschke
Mary Coutts Library, TCU
Before treatment
After treatment
18
  • Oliver Chen
  • Repositioning Art and History Museums in the
    Virtual World

19
Re-positioning Art and History Museums in the
Virtual World / Hsin-liang (Oliver) Chen
The purpose of this project is to establish a
common ground, acknowledged by the administrators
and practitioners, which will re-position virtual
museum collections at the National Archives in
the United Kingdom. A number of issues including
organizational missions, services, employees
requirements and rewards, departmental functions,
user studies, and community educational programs
will be examined in this study.
20
  • Linda Barone
  • Investigation of Scrapbook Structures

21
  • Pat Galloway
  • People as Boundary Objects in Historical
    Archaeology

22
People as Boundary Objects in Historical
Archaeology Pat Galloway
  • Historical archaeology process and practice
    deposition, archivization, interpretation
  • How field observers construct people text
    proxies
  • How historians construct people composite texts
  • How archaeologists construct people object
    proxies
  • Using ANT to frame the nonequivalence

23
  • Jane Fleming
  • Information/Data Exchange Privacy Vocabulary
    and Conceptualizations found in a Texas State
    Agency.

24
Information/Data Exchange Privacy Vocabulary
and Conceptualizations found in a Texas State
Agency. Fleming 10/23/03
  • Why?
  • There are a lot of ways of looking at it
    (multiple theoretical frameworks for us
    intellectuals)
  • How?
  • Case study document review, semi-structured
    interviews, key informant surveys, ?
  • Where?
  • TBD multiple missions, privacy security
    requirements traceable (mandated?) paths of
    internal and external information/data flow.

25
  • Bill Lukenbill
  • The Small Public Library as a Distribution Agent
    for Consumer Health Information Problems and
    Prospects

26
The Small Public Library as a Distribution Agent
for Consumer Health Information Problems and
Prospects
  • Central Question can the small public library in
    rural areas be effective as agents for the
    collection and distribution of consumer health
    information?
  • Purpose and Methods
  • Will assess the central role of the public
    library in the life of the rural community and
    the delivery of community health information.
  • Will seek to determine both the strengths and
    weaknesses that the library might bring to the
    table as a health information provider.
    Traditional role as information provider
  • Will employ field methods interviews,
    questionnaires, observations, and participation
  • Will offer recommendations for implementation.

27
  • Glynn Harmon
  • Unconscious Cognition in Query Formulation

28
Unconscious Cognition in Query Formulation Glynn
Harmon
  • 1. Classic problem Initial queries tend to be
    poor representations or misrepresentations of
    underlying cognitive-emotional need structures
  • 2. About 80 of cognitive operations reside at
    unconscious or tacit levels
  • 3. A key task for search engine and interface
    design is to help elicit complete but largely
    embedded need structures
  • 4. Interface devices needed to entrain users to
    fashion queries below 10 Hz brainwave states.

29
  • Andrew Dillon
  • Shaping Information Use

30
Shaping information use
  • Some examples
  • How do image quality issues impact real reading
    of electronic documents?
  • What factors most impact learning and use in
    multimedia?
  • What are the major determinants of user
    acceptance of new information tools?
  • With specific emphasis on Aesthetics and Power
  • What methods for design yield the best outputs?
  • List behavior, especially the inference of
    meaning and motive in text messages
  • Macro-evaluation of information tool use and
    impact
  • Role of theory in design
  • What is the shape of information?

31
  • Irene Owens
  • Contexts for examining affects of technology upon
    management

32
Contexts for examining affects of technology upon
management
  • Moores Law and change management
  • POSCORB-functions of management (strategic
    planning and marketing)
  • Hierarchy/Bureaucracy (Accountability)
  • Ways of viewing technology
  • Efficacy issues which may be examined via Cost
    Benefit Analysis (CBA), usability studies, etc.

33
  • David Gracy
  • Making Information Happen ON THE TRAIL
    OF THE LITs and LFDs

34
MAKING INFORMATION HAPPEN
  • ON THE
  • TRAIL OF THE
  • LITs
  • and
  • LFDs

35
  • Julie Hallmark
  • Access and Retrieval of Recent Journal Articles
    Geologists and Chemists

36
Access and Retrieval of Recent Journal Articles
Geologists and Chemists
Chemistry Geology
Return Rate 58 / 57 74 / 87
of Journals Represented in Original Citations 55 / 52 53 / 49
of Journals Represented in Returned Questionnaires 32 / 35 46 / 40
Use of Internet to Access 83 / 85 72 / 82
Use of Internet to Retrieve 5 / 96 4 / 88
Respondents Reporting Problems with Access and Retrieval of Articles 41 / none 32 / none
Training Available in Local Institution 35 / none 22 / none
  • Summary Data 1998/2002

37
  • Oliver Chen
  • The Use of Videos in Biology Education for
    College Students

38
The Use of Videos in Biology Education for
College Students / Hsin-liang (Oliver) Chen
Using audio-visual materials is not new in the
classroom however, teaching and learning
activities have been influenced by the latest
digital AV technologies and devices. It is
important for instructors to recognize the power
of the new digital technologies and integrate
them into their curricula. On the other hand, it
is vital to investigate students related
knowledge of computing technology and their
perception of the use of AV materials in class.
39
  • Randolph Bias
  • Your call is important to us Minimizing
    perceived hold times

40
Your call is important to us Minimizing
perceived hold times
  • SBC (your local phone company) receives
    millions of Customer Support calls a year.
  • Telephony and software professionals work on
    minimizing customers hold times.
  • Then they call in the information scientists to
    minimize the PERCEIVED length of the wait.
  • In concert with human factors folks at SBC, were
    testing
  • Options to fill the wait time
  • Various types of music
  • An ability to choose type of music

41
  • Patrick Williams and Sam Burns
  • Evaluating a tool for Collection Understanding

42
Evaluating a tool for Collection Understanding
  • Texas AM CSDL Leggett Chang
  • Collection Understanding
  • Research Questions
  • Experimental Design

43
  • Sam Burns
  • Knowledge Gateway

44
Find Yours.
  • Knowledge Gateway class this summer
  • Phase 1 Information Architecture
  • Analysis, Site Maps, Wire frames/Schematics, User
    Testing
  • Next Phases Content Curator, Writing, Designing,
    Building, Testing.
  • Opportunities abound
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