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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION

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Title: REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION


1
REPUBLIC OF TURKEYMINISTRY OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN TURKEY
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
2
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
Where we are in the world
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
3
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
4
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM

The Turkish education system is organized on the
basis of - Constitution of the Turkish
Republic - Laws Regulating Education and
Instruction - Government Programs- Development
Plans- National Education Councils
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
5
Based on these factors, education principles have
been defined as follows
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • - Education shall be national,- Education shall
    be Republican,- Education shall be secular,-
    Education shall have a scientific foundation,
    - Education shall incorporate generality and
    equality,- Education shall be functional and
    modern.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
6
General Character of the Education System
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • Education system has democratic, modern,
    scientific secular and coeducational
    characteristics. The purpose of the Turkish
    Education System is to increase the welfare and
    happiness of the Turkish citizens and Turkish
    society, to support and facilitate economic,
    social and cultural development in national unity
    and integration and to make the Turkish nation a
    constructive, creative and distinguished partner
    in modern civilization.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
7
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
8
. GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • FORMAL EDUCATION Formal education is the regular
    education of individuals in a certain age group
    and given in schools at the same level with
    programs prepared for definite purposes. Formal
    education includes Pre-Primary education, primary
    education, secondary education and higher
    education institutions.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
9
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • Pre-Primary education Pre-Primary education
    includes the optional education of children
    between 36-72 month who are under the age of
    compulsory primary education. Pre-Primary
    education institutions, independent nurseries are
    opened as nursery classes and practical classes
    within formal and non-formal education
    institutions with suitable physical capacity.The
    purpose of Pre-Primary education is to ensure
    physical, mental and sensory development of
    children and the acquisition of good habits, to
    prepare children for primary education, to create
    a common atmosphere of growth for those living in
    inconvenient circumstances and to ensure that
    Turkish is spoken correct and well.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
10
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
YÜKSEK ÖGRENIM UNIVERSITY
Sürekl i Egi T im Merkez i
DiPLOMA
12. SINIF / grade
11. SINIF / grade
SERTIFIKA
10. SINIF / grade
ORTAK 9. SINIF COMMON 9 th grade (ÖRGÜN MTE /
FORMAL VET)
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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Primary EducationThe purpose of primary
education is to ensure that every Turkish child
acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors,
and habits to become a good citizen, is raised in
line with the national moral concepts and is
prepared for life and for the next education
level parallel to his/her interests and skills.
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
12
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
Primary education is compulsory for all
citizens, boys or girls, and is given free of
charge in public schools. Primary education
institutions are schools that provide eight years
of uninterrupted education, at the end of which
graduates receive a primary education diploma.
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
13
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
.1.3. Secondary Education The purpose of
secondary education is to give students a minimum
common culture, to identify individual and social
problems, to search for solutions, to raise
awareness in order to contribute to the
socio-economic and cultural development of the
country and to prepare the students for higher
education, for profession, for life and for
business in line with their interests and skills.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
14
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
. Higher Education Among higher education
institutions are universities, faculties,
institutes, higher education schools,
conservatories, vocational higher education
schools and application-research centers. The
purpose of higher education is to raise the
students in line with their interests and skills,
in conformance to the science policy of the
country and in consideration of qualified
manpower needs of society at several levels, to
do researches in scientific areas, to arrange for
all kinds of publications that show the research
and examination results
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
15
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
and facilitate advancement of science and
technology, to finalize the researches and
examinations demanded by the government and to
make comments, to make written or oral public
announcements explaining the scientific data that
shall increase the general level of Turkish
society and enlighten the public, and to give
non-formal education.
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
16
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • 2.2. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION
  • Services given by non-formal education are
  • to teach reading-writing, to provide continuing
    education opportunities for students to finish
    their incomplete education
  • to provide education opportunities that shall
    facilitate the students' adaptation to
    scientific, technologic, economic, social and
    cultural developments
  • to give education that protects, improves,
    introduces and comprises our national cultural
    values

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
17
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
to help students acquire the concepts and habits
of collective living, supporting, helping,
working and organizing collectively to provide
opportunities that shall ensure acquisition of
professions in line with the economic development
and employment policy to teach balanced
nutrition and a healthy life style to teach
people from various professions the knowledge and
skills they need to improve themselves to
provide the habit of using one's free time in a
useful way.
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION" Nurseries"
Kindergarten" Practical classes" Nurseries
within private Turkish, Foreign, Minority,
International schools " Other institutions
(Society for the Protection of Children, and
other institutions and organizations opened as
per article 191 of Law no 657)
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
19
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
PRIMARY EDUCATION" Primary schools " Regional
Boarding Primary Schools" Boarding Primary
Education School" Primary schools for the
Hearing-Impaired " Primary schools for the
Visually-Impaired " Primary schools for the
Orthopedically Disabled " Primary schools for
the Mentally Retarded " Private Turkish,
Foreign, Minority, International Primary schools
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
SECONDARY EDUCATION General Secondary Education
Secondary schools " Science schools " Anatolian
schools" Anatolian Fine Arts schools " Anatolia
teacher training schools " Foreign language
school Vocational and Technical Secondary
Education " Vocational schools for industry "
Technical schools" Anatolia technical schools"
Anatolia Vocational schools" Vocational schools
for girls " Technical schools for girls
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
" Anatolia Vocational schools for girls "
Anatolia Technical schools for girls " Anatolia
Vocational Schools for Commerce " Anatolia
Vocational Schools for Communication " Anatolia
Vocational Schools for Hotel management and
Tourism " Vocational Schools for Commerce "
Religious High Schools " Anatolia Religious High
Schools " Multi-program high schools for the
Hearing impaired " Vocational Schools for
orthopedically disabled " Multi-program high
schools " Vocational Schools for Health "
Anatolia Vocational Schools for Health  
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
22
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
HIGHER EDUCATION" Universities" Faculties"
Institutes" Higher education schools" Higher
Vocational education schools" Conservatories"
Application and research centres
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
23
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
HIGHER EDUCATION" Practical Arts Colleges for
Girls " Maturation Institutes" Technical
education centres for adults " Public education
centres - Reading-writing courses - Vocational
courses - Social-cultural courses" Vocational
training centres " Professional education
centres " Science and Art centres
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
24
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
" Guidance and research centres " Private
education - Private courses- Private classes-
Private motor vehicle driving courses - Private
student training centres vocational courses
Remote Education - Open education primary
schools - Open education high schools-
Vocational and Technical Open education schools
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
NUMBER OF SCHOOLS, STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN
2004-2005 EDUCATION YEAR ( Open education and
other institutions schools not included)
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL
EDUCATION TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
PROJECT ON STRENGTHENING THE VOCATIONAL
EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEM IN
TURKEY (SVET) SVET is a five-year project
resulting from an agreement signed between the
European Commission and the Government of Turkey,
and has a total budget of 58.2M. The project
aims at strengthening Turkey 's VET system rather
than imposing an alien structure.
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
29
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
  • OUTCOMES OF PROJECT
  • Setting up the bodies needed for VET reform,
  • Labour market needs analysis,
  • Development of occupational standards,
  • Development of training standards,
  • National Qualification System,
  • Revision of existing curricula (based on ISCED
    97)
  • Development of Life Long Learning concept for
    Turkey
  • Quality assurance system
  • Training of school and training centre managers
  • The final outcome of the project should be a
    strong VET system supported by a National
    Qualification System with national and
    international credibility.

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
  • SOCIAL PARTNERS
  • DISK Confederation of Progressive Trade Unions
    of Turkey
  • HAK-IS Confederation of Right Trade Unions,
  • IS-KUR Turkish Employment Agency,
  • KOSGEB Small and Medium Scale Industry
    Development Institution
  • MEKSA Vocational Training and Small Industry
    Support Foundation,
  • TESK Turkish Confederation of Tradesmen and
    Craftsmen,
  • TOBB Turkish Union of Chambers of Commers,
    Industry, Navigation and Commercial Exchanges
    of Turkey,
  • TURK-IS Confederation of Trade Unions of Turkey

Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
ACTIONS 2.3Trainer Training 2.4Role of
social partners in VET governance 3.1Public
information campaign 3.2Managing function in
decentralized VET systems 3.3Strengthening the
decentralized approach to VET system
governance, 3.4Empowering schools and training
centres and their managers to promote
decentralized VET system 3.5Training of civil
servants at ministerial and regional level
ACTIONS 1.1Setting up the bodies needed for
VET reform 1.2Labour market needs
analysis 1.3Development of occupational
standards 1.4Development of training
standards 1.5National Qualification
System 1.6Revision of existing
curricula 1.7Development of Life Long Learning
concept for Turkey 2.1Quality assurance
system 2.2Training of school and training centre
managers
Directory of Education Kocaeli Province
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