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Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59)

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1815 end of Napoleon and restoration of monarchy (Louis XVIII, 1824 Charles X) ... 1848 monarchy overthrown by reformist demands (Louis Napoleon) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59)


1
Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59)
  • Life
  • Democracy in America
  • Evaluation

2
Age of Revolutions
  • 1794 great-grandfather Malesherbes guillotined
  • 1804 Napoleon emperor
  • 1815 end of Napoleon and restoration of monarchy
    (Louis XVIII, 1824 Charles X)
  • 1830 censorship / suffrage restrictions lead to
    revolution (Louis-Philippe citizen king)
  • 1848 monarchy overthrown by reformist demands
    (Louis Napoleon)
  • 1851 end of 2nd Republic and return to monarchy
    (Louis Napoleon crowns himself Napoleon III)

3
Life
  • 1823-27 studies law
  • 1830 revolution
  • 1830-31 travel to America
  • 1835 Democracy in America part I
  • 1839 elected deputy (monarchy)
  • 1840 Democracy in America part II
  • 1848 elected deputy again / foreign minister
    (republic)
  • 1851 arrested and imprisoned

4
End of a Career
5
Life
  • 1805 born in Normandy
  • 1823-27 studies law
  • 1830 revolution
  • 1830-31 travel to America
  • 1835 Democracy in America part I
  • 1839 elected deputy
  • 1840 Democracy in America part II
  • 1848 elected deputy again / foreign minister
  • 1851 arrested and imprisoned
  • 1856 Ancien Regime and the Revolution
  • 1857 last visit to London
  • 1859 dies of tuberculosis

6
Democracy in America
  • Sovereignty of the people v1/p1/ch4
  • Federalism v1/p1/ch8
  • Government v1/p2/ch1
  • Mediocrity v1/p2/ch5
  • Moral majority v1/p2/ch7
  • Tyranny of the majority v1/p2/ch7
  • Federalism as remedy v1/p2/ch8

7
American Society
  • one must go to America to understand the power
    of material prosperity over political actions.
    v1/p2/ch9
  • do not invite an American to speak about Europe
    he will usually display great presumption and a
    rather ridiculous arrogance. v1/p2/ch9

8
American Society
  • I would be astonished if mysticism did not soon
    make progress in a nation solely preoccupied with
    prosperity. v2/p2/ch12
  • Between the worker and the employer, there are
    many points of contact but no real relationship.
    v2/p2/ch20

9
American Society
  • In their relation with foreigners, Americans
    seem irritated by the slightest criticism and
    appear greedy for praise. v2/p3/ch16
  • The sight of this universal uniformity saddens
    and chills me. v2/p4/ch8

10
Evaluation
  • Democracy or mass society?
  • Inequality and conformity
  • Individualism and federalism
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