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The Wrong Prescription New York State College Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Conference Albany, N

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The challenge is that prescription drugs ARE effective and NOT perceived to be dangerous ... Time, Newsweek, New York Times, CNN, Dateline, The Today Show, etc. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Wrong Prescription New York State College Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Conference Albany, N


1
The Wrong PrescriptionNew York State College
Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention
ConferenceAlbany, NYApril 14, 2005
  • Bessie Oster
  • Julie Rosenbluth, M.P.H, CHES
  • The American Council for Drug Education
  • Phoenix House

2
Presentation Outline
  • Introductions
  • Values and Attitudes
  • Overview of the problem
  • Research
  • College-based programs and practices
  • Next Steps
  • Questions

3
Introductions
  • Speakers
  • Bessie Oster, Director of Facts on Tap An
    alcohol and other drug prevention program for
    college students
  • Julie Rosenbluth- Director of Older Adolescent
    Programs, American Council for Drug Education
  • Participants
  • 1. Name, School?
  • 2. Have you ever misused a prescription or
    over-the-counter drug?
  • 3. What are the trends in prescription drug abuse
    at your school?
  • 4. An interesting fact about your self

4
What is Considered Abuse?
  • Abuse occurs whenever a prescription or over the
    counter medication is used for anything other
    than its intended purpose, by someone other than
    the intended recipient, or in a dosage other than
    prescribed. It gets tricky because all medication
    can be misused or abused. The difference lies
    in the intent- is it being used incorrectly out
    of ignorance (misuse), or intentionally (abuse).

5
Overview of the Problem
  • SAMSHA 31.2 million Americans (12 and older)
    abused prescription pain meds in 2003, up 1.6
    percent since 2003.
  • DAWN emergency room visits caused by Ritalin up
    more than fivefold from 1990 to 2001.
  • DHHS 15 percent increase in prescription drug
    abuse among 18 to 25 year olds in 2003

6
Overview of the Problem (cont)
  • The challenge is that prescription drugs ARE
    effective and NOT perceived to be dangerous
  • Drug using society
  • Myths vs. realities
  • Not safe because legal
  • OTC not strong

7
Overview of the Problem (cont)
  • How Drugs are Taken
  • Oral ingestions- pills or liquid
  • Nasal ingestions- pills crushed and snorted pills
  • Anal insertion- plugging
  • Intravenous- liquefied to be injected
  • Drain capsules
  • Mixed with alcohol

8
Overview of the Problem (cont)
  • Types of commonly misused drugs
  • Stimulants- ADHD medications (Ritalin, Concerta,
    Adderall, Focalin, Dexedrine)
  • Narcotic Analgesics- Pain medications (OxyCotin,
    Codeine, Percocet, Vicodin)
  • Central Nervous System Depressants- Anti-anxiety
    or sleep aids (Ambien, Xanax, Valium, Ativan)
  • Over the Counter Medications- wide variety
    (Coricidin, Sudafed, Robitussin DM, diet pills,
    herbal remedies)

9
Overview of the Problem (cont)
  • Reasons for Misuse
  • To party
  • Mixing with other substances
  • To study
  • To loose weight
  • To deal with stress or anxiety

10
Overview of the Problem (cont)
  • Source of drugs availability and accessibility
  • Most people look in other people medicine
    cabinets when in private
  • Steal from grandparent, parent or friends
  • Students sharing
  • Internet
  • Black market

11
Where are We Today in the Field of Prevention of
Prescription and OCT Drugs?
  • Media reports NY Magazine, Time, Newsweek, New
    York Times, CNN, Dateline, The Today Show, etc..
  • Research and stats- Limited Data Sources
  • SAMHSA National Survey on Drug Use and Health
    (NSDH), Drug Abuse Warning Network
  • Monitoring the Future
  • Harvards College Alcohol Survey
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy
  • CORE Institute- Southern Illinois University

12
Response
  • What is being done on your campus to address
    prescription drug abuse?
  • Campus Based Interventions
  • UVA Survey
  • Texas AM poster
  • Facts on Tap mini magazine and PSA
  • Bacchus and Gamma Peer Education work

13
Response (cont)
  • National
  • Partnership for Drug Free America awareness
    campaign
  • NIDA, research results
  • ONDCP
  • Drug Companies e.g. Purdue Pharmas Painfully
    Obvious

14
Addressing the Issue on Your Campus
  • Measuring problem
  • Registering prescriptions through health services
  • Lock-boxes for students taking meds
  • Education campaigns
  • Letters to parents
  • RA Training
  • Sanctioning
  • Assessment and Treatment for students facing
    addiction
  • Addiction Institute
  • Caron Foundation
  • Phoenix House
  • SAMHSA Treatment Locator www.findtreatment.samhsa
    .gov

15
Next Steps
  • National Dialogue
  • Facts on Tap Audio Conference
  • NIAAA Call to Action model- commission papers

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24
What to do if Someone you know is addicted to
drugs
25
Resourcesfor College Students
  • See Handout

26
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