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Title: Educational and International Activities of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges


1
Educational and International Activities of the
Association of American Veterinary Medical
Colleges
  • Meeting on Globalization of Veterinary Medicine
    and International Trade OIE Headquarters, April
    2-4, 2008
  • Marguerite Pappaioanou, DVM, MPVM, PhD

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
2
Members of AAVMC
  • Voting Members
  • 28 Veterinary Colleges in the US
  • 3 Veterinary Medical Education Institutions in
    the US
  • 5 Veterinary Colleges in Canada
  • 9 Departments of Veterinary Science
  • 7 Departments of Comparative Medicine
  • 3 Veterinary Colleges in the UK
  • 1 Veterinary College in New Zealand
  • 3 Veterinary Colleges in Australia
  • Affiliate Members
  • Ross University

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
3
Location of AAVMC Members
  • KEY
  • Veterinary Medical College
  • Depts. of Veterinary Science
  • Depts. of Comparative Medicine
  • Other Veterinary Medical Educational Institutions

4
North American Veterinary Medical Colleges and
Accredited Veterinary Medical Diagnostic
Laboratories
  • KEY
  • Veterinary Medical College
  • Accredited Veterinary Medical Diagnostic
    Laboratory

5
Mission of AAVMC
  • To improve the quality of life for people and
    animals by
  • Advancing veterinary medical education
  • Improving animal health and welfare
  • Strengthening biomedical research
  • Promoting food safety and food security
  • Enhancing environmental quality

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
6
How We Achieve our Mission
  • Coordinate national international affairs of
    member institutions
  • Foster teaching, research, service missions of
    member institutions
  • Publish Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
  • Interact with other educational and professional
    associations, other non-governmental
    organizations, federal agencies and departments
  • Hold an Annual meeting each March
  • Hold a Summer meeting in conjunction with AVMA
  • Hold a Deans Conference in January
  • Sponsor Educational / Research Symposia
  • Commission and sponsor special studies
  • Advocate for key legislation
  • Provide leadership on and carry out high priority
    programs
  • Conduct essential work through Committees

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
7
Governance
  • Assembly 60 member institutions
  • Board of Directors
  • Nine elected Directors
  • President, President-elect, Secretary, Treasurer,
    Immediate Past President
  • Four at-large Directors
  • US College of Veterinary Medicine
  • Canadian college or school of veterinary medicine
  • Department of comparative medicine
  • Department of Veterinary Science
  • Non-voting members Executive Director and AAVMC
    liaison to NASULGC
  • Executive Committee President, President-Elect,
    Past President

8
  • AAVMC Committees
  • Academic Affairs Deans
  • Research Deans
  • Department Chairs, Heads, Directors
  • Advancement
  • VMCAS/Admissions
  • Animal Care Welfare
  • Clinical Programs
  • Comparative Data
  • Gender Issues
  • Multicultural Affairs
  • International Affairs
  • JVME Editorial Board
  • Leadership
  • Public Health
  • Publications
  • Strategic Planning
  • Building
  • Executive Directors

AAVMC Board of Directors
Executive Director
  • AAVMC Task Forces Ad Hoc Groups
  • Farm Bill Task Force
  • National Recruitment Strategy
  • Steering
  • Strategic Planning Steering Committee
  • Legislative Advisory Panel

Executive Administrative Assistant
Deputy Director
Associate Executive Director for Diversity
JVME Editor
JVME Managing Editor
Director for Governmental Affairs
Director for Academic Research Affairs (Vacant)
AAVMC
9
AAVMC Partners
  • American Veterinary Medical Association
  • Federation of the Associations of Schools of the
    Health Professions (Public Health, Pharmacy,
    Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry, Osteopathy,
    Optometry, etc.)
  • Association of Schools of Public Health
  • State Veterinarians (US Animal Health
    Association)
  • National Association of State Public Health
    Veterinarians
  • National Association of State Universities and
    Land Grant Colleges
  • AAHA, Banfield The Pet Hospital
  • Federal Government-- USDA, HHS, DHS, USAID,
    Others
  • International Organizations OIE, FAO, PAHO, WHO,
    WVA
  • Industry Sponsors
  • Development Banks, Other

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
10
Memberships in Partner Organizations
  • FASHP
  • Associations for minorities in the health
    professions
  • National Association for Biomedical Research
  • National Coalition for Food and Agricultural
    Research
  • Animal Agriculture Coalition
  • US Animal Health Association
  • Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
  • National Institute for Animal Agriculture
  • Research!America
  • Others

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
11
AAVMC Assembly Committees
  • Constituent Committees
  • Associate Deans for Academic Affairs
  • Associate Deans for and Directors for Research
    and Graduate Affairs
  • Academic Department Chairs and Heads
  • Standing Committees
  • Admissions, Advancement, Animal Care and Welfare,
    Comparative Data, Clinical Programs, Gender
    Issues, International Affairs, JVME Editorial
    Board, Leadership, Multicultural Affairs,
    National Recruitment Strategy Steering Committee,
    Publications, Public Health, Strategic Planning
  • Task Forces/Ad-hoc Committees
  • Farm Bill Task Force
  • Legislative Advisory Panel
  • Strategic Planning Steering Committee

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
12
AAVMC Board Committees
  • Building Committee
  • Nominations Committee
  • Executive Directors Survey Committee

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
13
Liaisons and Joint Committees
  • AVMA Committees
  • AAVMC/AVMA Joint Committee
  • AAVMC liaisons on AVMA Committees
  • Council on Education
  • Animal Welfare Committee
  • Council on International Veterinary Affairs
  • Other
  • National Commission on Veterinary Economic Issues
    4 Board Members

14
AAVMC Priority Programs
  • Governmental Affairs Advocacy
  • Legislation addressing workforce shortages
    public health, food safety, research, lab animal
    medicine, environmental health
  • Appropriations for Debt forgiveness program
  • DiVersity Matters
  • Development of a Strategic Plan
  • Global Initiatives in Veterinary Education (GIVE)
  • Association of Schools of Public Health and AAVMC
    Collaboration (One Health)
  • NCVEI

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
15
AAVMC Priority ProgramsCommissioned with Partners
  • Foresight Report 2007
  • National Recruitment Promotion Plan 2007
  • Communications Audit 2006-2007
  • Critical Needs for Research in Veterinary
    Science, National Research Council 2005
  • National Academy of Sciences Study on Assessing
    the Current and Future Workforce Needs in
    Veterinary Medicine --2008

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
16
AAVMC Services
  • Veterinary Medical College Application Service (
    6,000 applicants per year)
  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
  • Information provision, exchange, networking
  • Comparative Data Report
  • Coordination, Staff liaisons to Committees
  • Annual meetings and educational Symposia

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
17
Priority Programs/Initiatives Pending Funding
  • Leadership / Faculty Development
  • Expanded international programs
  • Implementation of Recommendations/Follow-up on
    Reports and Studies
  • Foresight Report 2007
  • Critical Needs for Research in Veterinary
    Science, National Research Council 2005
  • Communications Audit 2006-2007
  • National Recruitment Promotion Plan 2007
  • National Academy of Sciences Study on Assessing
    the Current and Future Workforce Needs in
    Veterinary Medicine --2008

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
18
The Veterinary Workforce
  • Companion animal medicine
  • Food animal medicine
  • Laboratory animal medicine
  • Wildlife health and medicine (zoo and free
    ranging)
  • Public health emerging infectious diseases
  • Environmental health/toxicology
  • Disease prevention and control (human, animal,
    FAD)/regulatory medicine
  • Emergency response natural disasters, Bio/Ag
    Terrorism
  • Pathology
  • Biomedical Research
  • Industry
  • Other

19
Current Professional Activity of U.S.
Veterinarians
  • Clinical Practice
  • 3,000 Veterinarians Working in Public Health at
    the Federal and State Levels

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
20
Need Expressed by AAVMC --
  • Determine a vision and future direction for
    academic veterinary medicine (AAVMC) to prepare
    veterinarians for opportunities and possibilities
    that emerge over the next 20 years
  • Look at academic veterinary medicine in context
    of
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Veterinary Medical Education
  • AAVMC

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
21
Foresight Analysis and Report
22
Foresight Study The Process95 Professionals
  • 21 Challenge questions
  • Overall picture
  • Global opportunities, meet societal needs
  • Education and training
  • How to train graduates, how to attract best
    students, required core competencies
  • External Factors
  • Evolving technologies
  • Linkages and Roles
  • Clients, corporate entities, universities,
    broader policies
  • Public Perception
  • Influential factors
  • Economics
  • Sources of funding for education, employers of
    veterinary medicine
  • Eight scenarios
  • Doomsday pandemic influenza
  • Eradication of zoonotic disease threats
  • Global Warming Eco-crisis
  • Globalized Google Vets
  • Brave new world of modified species
  • Fragmented profession
  • One Medicine One Health
  • Norman Rockwell veterinarian

23
Status of Veterinary Medicine
  • Environment of veterinary medicine is one of
    change
  • Major influences driving changes in society
  • Demographic, political environmental disease
    emergence technological economics
  • Shortages of veterinarians in key areas to meet
    current and future needs of society and
    veterinary education
  • Food-supply veterinary medicine, biomedical
    research, public health, specialties

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
24
Veterinary Medicine --
  • Must adapt in preparing veterinarians to respond
    to new needs of society
  • Must prepare veterinarians for what might come in
    the future, not just what can be seen now

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
25
Global Society
  • Global population increasing rapidly to gt 9.1 B
    people by 2050
  • Forest area shrinking
  • In 2007, urban populations surpassed rural
    populations
  • Water consumption rising greater than twice
    population growth global water shortages
    approaching critical levels
  • Increased international trade/food supply for
    people and animals
  • Political destablization in more countries
  • New pathogens emerging
  • Increased travel/disease transmission exceeding
    capacity of disease control measures
  • IT flattened globe for increased access to
    information and service
  • Consumer spending power in emerging economies
    increasing from 4 to 9 T by 2015
  • Environment, technology, agricultural
    development, disease emergence, human-animal
    bond, culture changing rapidly

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
26
Need Veterinarians prepared to--
  • Provide leadership in animal health and health
    issues related to human, animal, environmental,
    agricultural sectors
  • Prevent, control, treat disease in animals
    (population/herd/flock health)
  • Policy dialogue and formulation population
    medicine for animals and people
  • Lead the debate on ethics and provide science on
    issues related to animal care and welfare
  • Lead in biomedical research
  • Work in global/international contexts

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
27
Summary of Discussions
  • Status of Veterinarians
  • Role in society
  • Role in Policy Making
  • Leadership, New Skills
  • Diversity needs
  • Public Perception of veterinarians and veterinary
    medicine
  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Structure
  • Delivery
  • Curriculum
  • Recruitment and Admissions

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
28
Summary of Discussions - II
  • Accreditation and licensure
  • Alliances and Partnerships One Health
  • Educational
  • Government
  • Internal professional
  • Public health
  • Corporate/private sector
  • Technical
  • Community
  • Global
  • Technology
  • For Education
  • For Use by Profession

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
29
Summary of Discussions - III
  • Funding, Costs, Revenue
  • Lobbying
  • Educational Funding
  • Tuition Fees
  • Research Funding
  • Business Models
  • Public model
  • Urban model
  • Rural models
  • Corporate models
  • General
  • Values and Ethics

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
30
Most important principles
  • Veterinary medicine must remain relevant to
    changing needs of society
  • Vet Med Education responds to needs by expanding
    areas of education required to prepare
    veterinarians of the future
  • Expanded areas of focus achieved by identifying
    areas of professional focus leading to DVM
    Centers of Emphasis (per national plan)
  • Increase of US graduates in all areas of the
    profession

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
31
Most important principles
  • Veterinary medicine must reflect diversity in
    society
  • Legislators and policy makers must understand the
    value of veterinary medicine to society and
    actively support the profession with
    legislation/funding
  • Veterinary medicine needs to engage with other
    allied health sciences, provide leadership with
    management of zoonotic disease, public health,
    ecosystem health

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
32
Most important principles
  • Strategic partnerships and alliances essential
    for academic veterinary medicine success in
    providing expanded educational process new areas
    of focus
  • Modification of licensing system for graduate
    veterinarians accreditation standards for CVMs
    are fundamental to acceptance and implementation
    of required academic changes
  • Opportunity for veterinary medicine to capitalize
    on IT for delivery of education and veterinary
    services (eg, analytical work, research,
    diagnostic sciences, therapy)

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
33
  • Educational Program/
  • Colleges

Changes in Veterinary Medical Education
  • Licensure
  • Government
  • Accreditation/
  • AVMA

34
Future Direction of VME
  • Responsive, flexible veterinary educational
    system
  • Without increasing length of program, difficult
    to provide requirement to meet all anticipated
    needs
  • Defined areas of foci with pathways all leading
    to DVM degree
  • CVM need to identify areas of focus develop and
    contribute to national plan
  • Centers of Excellence may need more than one
    institution participating
  • Accreditation altered to allow focused
    educational delivery in some areas but no
    delivery in other areas
  • Licensure would recognize competency in different
    areas of focus

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
35
One Scenario forAreas of Focus Concept
Pre-Vet Two-year prerequisite training with
standardized, defined specifications
Standardized two-year core program provided in
all CVMs
Either/or
Two-year program emphasizing comparative medicine
and leading to DVM degree
Two-year program in an area of professional focus
leading to a DVM with specified professional
focus degree
One year program in an area of professional focus
leading to a DVM with specified professional
focus degree
36
(No Transcript)
37
Key Issues With Expansion of Training
  • Definition of a veterinarian shared vision and
    assuring public of competencies
  • Core Competencies
  • Competencies for Areas of focus
  • Curriculum, training
  • Accreditation of College
  • Licensure of individual veterinarians re area of
    focus
  • Time to degree
  • Cost
  • Recruitment
  • Post Graduate Education
  • Continuing Education / Transitions

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
38
Partners
  • AAVMC
  • AVMA
  • Society of State Veterinary Medical Association
    Executives
  • American Board of Veterinary Specialties
  • American Association of Veterinary State Boards
  • Association of Schools of Public Health
  • Others

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
39
10 Key of 45 Recommendations
  • AAVMC as lead
  • Achieve consensus on need for expanded
    educational program, on need for limited
    licensure
  • Develop a national strategic plan that individual
    colleges will use to develop specific strategic
    plans
  • Develop a plan to reduce student debt
  • Develop opportunities for CE for veterinarians
    seeking to change careers/licensure with new
    professional focus
  • Capitalize on new technology to provide distance
    ed
  • Pursue with the NIH, establishment of an
    Institute of Comparative Medicine
  • Monitor ongoing changes in society, political
    systems, environment, disease to ensure areas of
    professional focus meet societal needs
  • Am Assoc of Vet State Boards and state
    professional associations address limited
    licensure
  • Accreditation limited to requirements to teach
    core program plus areas of professional focus
    offered at that college (AVMA)
  • AAVMC, AVMA, CVMA speak with unified voice

40
AAVMC Global Health Activities
  • Partnering and collaboration with veterinary
    medical educational institutions in developed and
    developing countries
  • Two-way exchange of faculty and students
  • Education and cultural exchange
  • Collaborative research
  • Capacity Building/ Training

The Future of Veterinary Medicine
41
Global Initiatives in Veterinary Education
  • A program to strengthen veterinary colleges in
    developing countries
  • Provides curricular materials, journal
    subscriptions, distant learning modules, short
    courses, faculty and student exchanges,
    sabbatical opportunities
  • Promotes global perspectives, intercultural
    understanding, knowledge of exotic animal
    diseases
  • Encourages long term, mutually beneficial,
    meaningful relationships
  • Multiple faculty, staff, and students
  • North American Institutions and carefully
    selected foreign companion colleges

42
GIVE Program Basics
  • Partner colleges
  • Nominated by member institutions
  • Recommended by International Affairs Committee
  • Approved by AAVMC Board of Directors
  • Cooperating Organizations
  • AVMA
  • US Army Veterinary Corps
  • NIAA
  • USAHA
  • Five Agencies in USDA
  • Funding to cover travel, meals, lodging of
    participants
  • AVMA and AAVMC matching funds, USAID

43
Examples of Collaborative Activities
  • Training in epidemiology, surveillance, disease
    prevention and control, food safety, public
    health
  • Clinical skills
  • Avian influenza, poultry diseases
  • Bovine, swine diseases
  • Strengthening laboratory capacity, diagnostics
  • Aquatic animal medicine
  • Wildlife health
  • Infectious zoonotic diseases-- TB, brucellosis
  • Environmental health
  • Small animal medicine, oncology

44
Countries
  • GIVE Countries
  • Other Countries
  • Afghanistan, Iraq
  • Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria, Ghana
  • Uruguay, Costa Rica
  • Hungary
  • Indonesia
  • S Korea
  • Republic of Georgia
  • Bosnia, Herzogovinia, Albania
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Ireland
  • Germany
  • More
  • Chile
  • India
  • Nepal
  • Thailand
  • Mexico
  • China
  • Brazil

45
New!!School for Global Animal HealthWashington
State University
  • 25 M from Gates Foundation 10 M matching funds
  • Focus on human-animal links
  • Vaccines development and deployment
  • Vector borne diseases of livestock in Africa,
    Asia, Latin America
  • Emerging pathogen and disease detection
  • Diagnostics, epidemiology
  • Control of zoonotic disease transmission
  • Vaccination and other strategies to control
    global infectious diseases that affect animals
    and humans

46
Summary
  • AAVMC is committed to
  • Excellence in education and research and
    providing leadership in these areas
  • Achieving diversity across the profession
  • Strengthening veterinary infrastructure in the US
    and internationally
  • International activities, collaboration, capacity
    building
  • Collaboration with educational, professional,
    government, non-governmental partners from the
    public and private sectors, national and
    international, allied health and agricultural
    institutions and partners, other partners
  • Providing leadership and service to the
    profession and its members
  • Achieving improved human and animal health and
    well being through its programs, initiatives,
    accomplishments of its faculty and graduates!

47
AAVMC GIVE Program
48
AAVMC GIVE Program
49
Other AAVMC Member International Activities
50
Other AAVMC Member International Activities
51
Other AAVMC Member International Activities
52
Other AAVMC Member International Activities
53
Journal ofVeterinary Medical Education
54
US Veterinary Colleges withDual DVM / MPH
Programs
  • Auburn University
  • Colorado State University
  • Iowa State University
  • Kansas State University
  • Michigan State University
  • North Carolina State Univ.
  • The Ohio State University
  • Texas A M
  • Kansas State University
  • Tufts University
  • UC Davis
  • University of Georgia
  • University of IL/Urbana-Champaign
  • University of Minnesota
  • University of Tennessee
  • University of Wisconsin
  • Virginia-Maryland Regional College
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