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Title: This document is contained within the Fire Management Toolbox on Since other related resources found in this toolbox may be of interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting the following URL:

  • This document is contained within the Fire
    Management Toolbox on Since other
    related resources found in this toolbox may be of
    interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting
    the following URL http//
    .cfm?fusetoolboxessecfire. All toolboxes are
    products of the Arthur Carhart National
    Wilderness Training Center.

READ (Wilderness)Roles Responsibilities
  • Arthur Carhart National Wilderness Training
    Center Interagency Resource Advisor Training
  • Grand Junction, CO
  • March 6th- 8th, 2007

  • Delineate roles.
  • Provide examples of real-world application of
    READ responsibilities.
  • Stimulate discussion of different approaches to
    the READ job.

As you listen, record each role or responsibility
you note.
Youre not done until the paperwork is done.
1000 hours
  • On-call READ Jun is sitting in his office, taking
    care of paperwork from sites found during survey
    in front of one of the 3 WFU fires the park is
  • The phone rings and dispatch alerts him that a
    new fire has been reported. READ J walks to

1015 hours
  • Dispatch has plotted a rough location of the
    fire. Helitack is en-route to the fire and is
    reporting torching and spotting with wind and
    slope-driven growth to the north. No recent
    lightning activity and proximity to a trail
    suggest that the fire is human caused. Although
    in the Fire-Use Zone and in wilderness, the
    probable cause and fire behavior prompt a
    suppression response.

1030 hours
  • Battalion 31 is assuming IC of the fire and is
    headed to the helibase for a recon flight. READ J
    grabs READ kit, IA gear and heads to helibase as

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1145 hours
  • B31 and READ J circle fire several times, getting
    fuels assessments, fire behavior reports and
    progress updates from on-the-ground squads. READ
    J has brought a GPS and is able to get a
    perimeter during flight.
  • Fire behavior is picking up as day heats up.

1330 hours
  • After returning to helibase, READ J hears B3
    report to FMO the need to order and support
    crews. READ maps suggest great gray owl habitat
    to the southwest of the fire, very little
    archeological survey, no T E species and no
    no-dip water bodies in the area. Lots of
    helicopters inbound
  • B3 goes to FMOs office which is now ICP, READ J
    returns to office.

1430 hours
  • With the new perimeter information, READ J is
    able to leave message for wilderness manager and
    wildlife biologist about GGO habitat. READ J
    prints more copies of READ maps and detail maps,
    and heads to ICP.

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1530 hours
  • The fire will probably escape initial attack.
    Rapid growth, and the lack of local resources has
    led to the decision to order a Type II team. They
    are expected to arrive at 1900 hours for a
    briefing. READ J calls READ Joe M, and asks him
    to come in to help out.

1600 hours
  • READ J begins to prepare briefing package for
    incoming team, calls 2 line READs.
  • READ M looks over Delegation of Authority WFSA
    templates with FMO.
  • Wildlife Biologist calls with phone number of
    USGS researcher who has worked in the area
    recently and has more information.

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1700 hours
  • USGS researcher calls back- observed nest does
    exist in one area to the southwest of the fire.
    Fledglings should be out of nests by this time
    of year but can we avoid overflights? Many
    flights are being planned to support spike camps.

2000 hours
  • READ M presents general resource concerns,
    answers logistical questions at in-briefing.
    Gathers initial plan information.
  • READ J provides Planning and Operations with
    standard resource message for IAP, copies of
    resource maps, digital data and READ plan for

Day 2 0700
  • Briefing meeting- team takes fire.
  • Lead READ M finds out meeting times with team.
    Calls Regional BAER Coordinator RMS liaison for
    emergency consultation.
  • READ J prepares briefing for crews, checks
    himself and READs E C in with Resource Unit
  • Line READs C E are briefed on assignments by
    READ J.

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D2 0745
  • READ M transitions ongoing WFU incidents from
    READ J, meets with FMO/AREP to brief on resource
    concerns. Helps team locate new base camp and
  • READs J, C E travel to helibase.

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D2 0845
  • READs J, C E arrive on fireline.
  • READ J briefs crews on MIST, wilderness spike
    camp etiquette. READ J meets with Division
    Supervisors to pick spike camps.
  • READs C E follow crews into respective
    Divisions, doing archeological clearances.

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D2 1400 hours
  • READ J is walking handline, beginning to catalog
    rehabilitation needs.
  • READs C E radio in preliminary reports no
    arch sites in handline.

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D2 1430 hours
  • READ J calls in needs for tomorrow to READ M.
  • READ M attends planning meeting.

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D2 1900 hours
  • READ M provides updated resource information for
    IAP, briefs AREP/FMO.
  • READs J, C E debrief, complete unit logs while
    in the field.

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D3 0700 hours
  • READs J, C E attend morning spike camp
    briefing. READ J addresses need for proper food
    storage and trash back-haul.
  • READ M attends base camp briefing, relays
    resource message.

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D3 0800 hours
  • READ J reports to READ M the need for a
    representative from Wildlife management to put
    together better food storage plan.
  • READ M goes through Planning staff to order
    needed wildlife READ and storage boxes.

D3 0900
  • READ J continues to walk handline, looking for
    trash, possible emergency rehabilitation needs.
  • READs C E continue to monitor handline
    production on respective divisions.

D8 2000 hours
  • READ J wonders if he is still married and what
    home-cooked food must taste like.
  • READ M unwittingly pitches his tent on a cow pie.

So, class what does a READ do?
  • Agency Administrator
  • Assists in development of the WFSA.
  • Identifies expectations and delegates authority
    to the IMT.
  • Monitors safety and finance issues.
  • Deals with the local politics of fire.
  • Resource Advisor
  • The Resource Advisor represents the AREP and
    communicates agency resource concerns to the IMT.
  • The exact nature of the role will vary with
    individuals and between incidents but should be
    spelled out in the Delegation of Authority letter.

A Resource Advisor is
  • the link between resource managers and incident
  • the Subject Matter Expert on resources.
  • the AREPs eyes ears.
  • the go-to contact for fire managers.
  • a technical specialist.

Summary of Roles Responsibilities
  • Data Gathering and Reconnaissance
  • Analysis, Planning Strategy
  • Daily Operations Documentation
  • Final Documentation

READ Guide p. 8
Data Gathering Reconnaissance
  • Pre-plan, pre-stage information
  • Identify resource concerns
  • Review management plans
  • Communicate with subject-matter experts
  • Develop resource protection priorities

Analysis, Planning Strategy
  • Provide input to WFSA WFIP
  • Provide input in operational briefing, strategy,
    planning meetings
  • Gather provide information for IAP
  • Provides input on environmental restrictions
  • Provide recommendations standards for
    suppression rehabilitation
  • Participate in team transition

Daily Operations Documentation
  • Provide input to daily validation of WFIP or WFSA
  • Attend daily meetings
  • Maintain communication with IC, IMT AREP
  • Serves as AREP as needed
  • Presents resource information at briefings
  • Monitor implementation of protection
  • Gathers documents damage to resources
  • Recommend need for BAER team
  • Complete daily unit log (ICS-214), CTR

Final Documentation
  • Complete local reporting documentation for
    incident fire package and agency representative
  • Recognize Crews and Individuals For Exceptional
  • Complete Reporting
  • Whenever Possible, Monitor
  • Update Maps/Data Layers/Inventories
  • Complete Debriefing

  • Should be a watch-out situation
  • On-unit vs. off-unit
  • Use a standard form if possible
  • Try to overlap-get a WREAD trainee
  • You may need to take a break
  • You may be helping with a team transition

Hard Work
Complex issues, confusing signs
Strategy Plan Ahead
  • Update inventories and stage information
  • Engage fire managers partners
  • Train yourself
  • Physically
  • Fire-wise
  • Train others
  • Other SMEs
  • Fire managers
  • Practice
  • Set up a system
  • Stage equipment
  • Review revise plans
  • Develop templates

Critical Information
  • Description of fire regimes
  • Ecological Thresholds
  • Vegetation
  • Fire history
  • Fuels
  • Fuel Models
  • Fuel Loads
  • Spatially explicit descriptions of sensitive
  • Preferred locations for firefighting

Strategy Be Happy
  • Manage Your time effectively
  • Get your rest
  • Know and respect your limitations
  • Strive towards a better understanding of fire in

Ok, maybe not Happy but take care of yourself
Strategy Communication
  • IC introduction What can I do for you?
  • Develop relationship with team
  • Avoid adding stress
  • Be available
  • Follow-through on request
  • Keep issues in context relative to the fire

Strategy Addressing Conflicts
  • Be Proactive
  • Use diplomacy before authority
  • Resolve disagreements at the lowest appropriate
  • Use ICS chain of command
  • If you and IC are at an impasse, go back through
    line officer
  • Document Issues

Strategy Use theAuthority of the Resource
  • Because Im the resource advisor and I have a
    delegation of authority that empowers me to make
    these decisions.
  • Because taking advantage of the natural opening
    will eliminate the need to fell 20 trees. Its
    the minimum necessary action to insure that when
    we leave here there will be no lasting impacts
    from our activities.

StrategyBe Fire-ready!
  • Bring Use Proper PPE!
  • Have your Initial Attack Pack and Red Bag packed!

Whos the Resource Advisor?
And remember
  • you are an advisor, not a decision-maker
  • at times, you will be uncomfortable
  • remain assured you are filling one of the single
    most important roles in the fire organization
  • you may be shocked
  • you will be frustrated

  • Work safely, go home.
  • Document, document, document!
  • Communicate, communicate, communicate!