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Our First President, John Hanson 1715 1783

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What are the qualifications of becoming the president? ... He followed the family tradition as a planter. He married Jane Contee in 1744. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Our First President, John Hanson 1715 1783


1
Our First President, John Hanson1715 - 1783
  • Karen Jacobs
  • Morgan Road Middle School
  • Hiers Blvd.
  • Hephzibah, GA 30815

2
What are the qualifications of becoming the
president?
  • Must be a citizen of the United States by birth
  • At least 35 years old
  • Resident of the United States for 14 years

3
What are the roles of the president?
  • Chief Executive
  • Chief Diplomat
  • Commander of Chief
  • Chief of State
  • Legislative Leader

4
Chief Executive
  • As chief executive the president is
    responsible for carrying out the nations laws.

5
Chief Diplomat
  • As chief diplomat, the president directs
    foreign policy, appoints ambassadors, and
    negotiates treaties with other nations.

6
Commander in Chief
  • As commander in chief of the armed forces,
    the president can use the military to intervene
    or offer assistance in crises at home and around
    the world. He cannot declare warCongress holds
    this power.

7
Chief of the State
  • As chief of the state, the president serves a
    symbolic role as the representative of all
    Americans. He fulfills this role when receiving
    foreign ambassadors or heads of state, visiting
    foreign nations, or bestowing honors on Americans.

8
Legislative Leader
  • The president serves as a legislative leader
    by proposing laws to Congress and working to see
    that they are passed. In the annual State of the
    Union address, the president presents goals for
    legislation.

9
Who was John Hanson?
  • John Hanson was born in Maryland. He
    displayed energy and decisive patriotism at the
    commencement of the Revolutionary war. He was
    elected a delegate to Congress, and while a
    member of that body his reputation for practical
    ability steadily rose. In 1781, Mr. Hanson was
    elected president of Congress, and he continued
    to hold that office until 1783, when death
    removed him from the scene of his patriotic
    services

10
What was his personal life like?
  • He was named after his grandfather who came from
    England.
  • His parents owned a farm.
  • He had no formal education while growing up.
  • He followed the family tradition as a planter.
  • He married Jane Contee in 1744.
  • He died at his nephews plantation at Oxon Hill
    in Prince Georges County, MD.

11
Political Career
  • Represented Charles County in the colonial
    assembly in 1757
  • Served several positions in local government
  • Gained a reputation as an out spoken supporter of
    moves towards revolution

12
Political Career continues
  • His speeches contributed to Marylands decision
    to support rebels engaged in the Siege of Boston
  • December 1779 House of Delegates named as one of
    the delegates of the Continental Congress

13
Political career continues
  • June 14, 1781 took his seat in Philadelphia
  • Articles of Confederation were ratified by all
    states
  • March 1, 1781 joined Daniel Carroll in endorsing
    Maryland

14
John Hanson the President
  • As the first president, Hanson had quite the
    shoes to fill. No one had ever been president and
    the role was poorly defined. His actions in
    office would set precedent for all future
    Presidents. He took office as the revolutionary
    war ended.Almost immediately, the troops demanded
    to be paid. There were no funds, as a result the
    soldiers threatened to overthrow the new
    government and put Washington on the throne as a
    monarch.

15
His presidency continues
  • All the members of the Congress ran for their
    lives. He managed to calm the troops and hold the
    country together.
  • He later ordered all foreign troops off
    American soil, as well as the removal of all
    foreign flags. This was quiet a feat, considering
    the fact that many European countries had a stake
    in the United States since the days of Columbus.

16
John Hanson
  • He later established the first Treasury
    department, the first Secretary of War, and the
    first Foreign Affairs Department.
  • He declared that the fourth Thursday of every
    November to be Thanksgiving Day.
  • The Articles of Confederation allowed a President
    to serve a one-year term during a three year
    period.

17
  • He served from November 5, 1781 November 3,
    1782.
  • First President to serve a full term after the
    full ratification of the Articles of
    Confederation.
  • Remained a confirmed anti-federalist until his
    death.

18
Remember- six other presidents were elected after
him
  • Elias Boudinot (1783)
  • Thomas Mifflin(1784)
  • Richard H. Lee (1785)
  • Nathan Gorman(1786)
  • Arthur St. Clair (1787)
  • Cyrus Griffin (1788)

19
Why dont we ever hear about the first seven
Presidents of the United States?
  • Its quite simple! The Articles of
    Confederation didnt work well. The individual
    states had too much power and nothing could be
    agreed upon.A new doctrine needed to be written
    something we know as the CONSTITUTION.

20
In conclusion..
  • George Washington was definitely not the first
    President of the United States. He was the first
    President if the United States under the
    Constitution we follow today. And the first seven
    Presidents are forgotten in history.
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