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Human Rights Defenders the Declaration, and the Mandate and work of the Special Representative 2' UN

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decided by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations in New York. (3) Member-states of the Commitee. Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Rights Defenders the Declaration, and the Mandate and work of the Special Representative 2' UN


1
Human Rights Defenders -the Declaration, and the
Mandate and work of the Special
Representative 2. UN Special Procedures in
general including how NGOs can work with
Special Procedures 3. Consultative status for
NGOs 4. A few remarks on NGO interaction with
the treaty body system 5. Challenges (Numbers
in brackets on the slides indicate which issue of
these five that the slide deals with)
2
(1) Declaration on Human Rights Defenders
  • Declaration on the Rights and Responsibilities
    of Individuals, Groups, and Organs of Society to
    Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human
    Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • Adopted by consensus at the UNGA in 1998
  • General Assembly Resolution A/RES/53/144

3
(1) Some rights Included in the Text
  • To promote and protect human rights
  • To Association and peaceful assembly
  • To hold, seek, receive and publish information on
    HR
  • To develop and discuss new HR ideas
  • To have effective remedy, to complain of official
    acts, to observe trials and access international
    bodies
  • To participate in peaceful activities publicizing
    HR issues
  • To receive and obtain funding for HR activities

4
(1) Main Activities of the SRSG
  • To seek, receive, examine and respond to
    information on the situation of human rights
    defenders
  • To establish cooperation and conduct dialogue
    with governments and other interested actors on
    the promotion and effective implementation of the
    declaration
  • To recommend effective strategies to better
    protect human rights defenders and follow up on
    these recommendations
  • Commission Resolution 2000/61
  • Commission Resolution 2003/64

5
(1)Through which means are these tasks carried
out?
  • Complaints Procedure
  • Country Visits
  • Participation in regional and international
    conferences and events
  • Dialogue with States, NGOs and defenders

6
(2)Mandates of thematic and country-specific
special procedure mechanisms
  • These mechanisms are established upon the request
    of the Human Rights Council to  examine,
    monitor, advice and publicly report on human
    rights situations in specific countries or on
    major human rights themes and phenomena
    worldwide 

7
(2) How can NGOs work with the Special Procedures?
  • By submitting individual cases
  • By providing information and analysis
  • By providing support in relation to country
    visits
  • By advocating and working to implement
    recommendations
  • By participating in annual meetinw of SPs
  • By inviting SP mandate-holders to particpate in
    events organised by them

8
(3) Consultative status
  • Consultative status for NGOs with ECOSOC and its
    subsidiary bodies (including the Human Rights
    Council, although a subsidiary body of the GA)
  • decided by the Committee on Non-Governmental
    Organizations in New York.

9
(3) Member-states of the Commitee
  • Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia,
  • Cote DIvoire, Cuba, France, Germany, India,
    Iran, Pakistan, Peru, Romania, Russian
    Federation, Senegal, Sudan, Turkey, U.S.A.,
    Zimbabwe.

10
(3) 3 types of consultative status
  • General consultative status (e.g. Amnesty
    International, CARE International, MSF, Muslim
    World League)
  • Special consultative status (e.g. International
    Federation of Journalists, Landmine Survivors
    Network, Norwegian Refugee Council, Norwegian
    Peoples Aid)
  • NGOs on the roster (e.g. WHO, ILO, International
    Water Association)

11
(3) How can NGOs work with the Human Rights
Council?
  • Written statements
  • Oral statements
  • Organise parallel events
  • Lobby participants
  • Propose items for the drafting of provisional
    agendas (rarely done)

12
(4) Treaty Bodies
  • NGOs usually do not require consultative status
    and can work with treaty bodies by
  • Promoting the ratification of a treaty
  • Monitoring compliance by States parties with the
    reporting obligations
  • Submitting written information and material,
    including in an NGO report
  • (for some treaty bodies) participating in the
    session of the treaty bodies as observers of
    through NGO oral submissions
  • Follow up on the concluding observations of
    treaty bodies
  • (for some treaty bodies) submitting individual
    complaints
  • (for some treaty bodies) providing information to
    help confidential inquiries
  • (for CERD) providing information for early
    warning and urgent procedures
  • making submissions to the annual meeting of
    chairpersons

13
(5) Challenges
  • The membership and decision-making process of the
    NGO Committee
  • GONGOs
  • Large number of NGOs gives short speaking-time
  • Expensive for NGOs to travel to Geneva
  • Excluding social movements without organizational
    structure
  • Unclear situation now with the new Human Rights
    Council

14
Questions?
  • Or if you have any later on e-mail me at
    ingeborg.moa_at_nchr.uio.no
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