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Strategic Environmental Assessment

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Title: Strategic Environmental Assessment


1
Strategic Environmental Assessment
  • Joseph Somevi SEA Officer

2
Lesson Aim
  • The aim of this lesson is to equip you with a
    basic understanding of the strategic
    environmental assessment and its process.

3
Main Points of the Lesson
  • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to
  • Define Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
  • Explain why SEA is necessary
  • Discuss how SEA delivers sustainable development
  • List the sources of law relating to SEA
  • List at least three core elements of the SEA
    process
  • Mention at least two roles of Services in
    relation to SEA
  • Identify three options for implementing SEA
  • Undertake a screening exercise

4
Introduction
  • Learning how to carry out strategic environmental
    assessment (SEA) will help every Service not only
    to meet the legal requirements for SEA it will
    also help improve the planning process, promote
    sustainable development as well as partnership
    among Services and other stakeholders. This
    lesson is designed to provide the basic
    background information to the concept,
    philosophy, process and the legal basis for SEA.

5
 DEFINITION PHILOSOPHY OF SEA
  • What is strategic environmental assessment (SEA)?
  • It is the environmental assessment of policies,
    strategies, plans and programmes
  • It is a systematic process for evaluating the
    environmental consequences of proposed policy,
    plan or programme initiatives in order to ensure
    they are fully included and appropriately
    addressed at the earliest appropriate stage of
    decision making on par with economic and social
    considerations (Sadler Verham 1996).

6
Definition Philosophy of SEA
  • The EU Directive defines SEA as
  • Preparing an environmental report on the likely
    significant effects of the draft plan or
    programme
  • Carrying out consultation on the draft plan or
    programme and the accompanying environmental
    report
  • Taking into account the environmental report and
    the results of the consultation in
    decision-making and
  • Providing information when the draft plan or
    programmes is adopted showing how the results of
    the environmental assessment have been taken into
    account.

7
B. Why should SEA be undertaken?
  • SEA addresses the limitations of EIA
  • Indirect, Secondary and Derived impacts
  • Cumulative and Synergistic impacts
  • (Beyond the reach of strategic impacts

8
Power Station
9
Pylons
10
Pipelines
11
Distribution lines
12
Cumulative Effects
13
Road
14
Service Stations
15
Development
16
Path Networks
17
Path Network
18
Path Network
19
Why SEA Contd.
  • Strength of SEA
  • Address limitations of SEA
  • Integrate the environment and sustainable
    development into planning processes
  • Provide high protection to the environment
  • Promote a more open, transparent and
    evidenced-based planning culture

20
The Legal Framework
  • Relevant laws
  • EU Directive 2001/42/EC
  • United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
    Protocol on SEA (23 May 2003)
  • The Environmental Assessment of Plans and
    Programmes (Scotland) Regulations 2004
  • The Environmental Assessment of Plans and
    Programmes (Scotland) Act 2005

21
The Legal Framework contd.
  • Application of Laws
  • Implemented SEA by 21 July 2004
  • Define minimum environmental issues
  • Requires assessment and not appraisal
  • More rigour, More quantitative analysis and More
    collection of baseline
  • Applies to certain plans and programmes
  • Considers environmental Effects
  • (not sustainability effects)

22
The Legal Framework contd.
  • Defines some objectives
  • Lists elements of the process
  • Provides framework the reports
  • Emphasise consultations
  • Expect SEA to influence strategic action

23
SEA Process
24
A. Sustainable Development
  • From the theory
  • Development that meets
  • The needs of the present
  • No compromise for the ability of future
  • generations to meet their needs

25
Sustainable Development Cont.
  • In practical terms, it is promoting
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Social sustainability and
  • Economic sustainability
  • In a consistent and compatible manner

26
Model 1
  • Economic

Social
Environmental
27
Model 2
  • Environmental

Social
Economic
28
Sustainable Development Contd.
  1. Equal weight is given to the three elements
  2. Greater weight is given to the environment
  3. Subjecting everything to the environment
  4. Scottish laws lean towards the environment

29
Exercise 1 See Students Notes
30
SEA Environmental Sustainability
  • This is achieved through many environmental
    issues
  • Relevant environmental issues include
  • Air, water and soil
  • Climatic factors and biodiversity (fauna flora)
  • Cultural heritage (archaeological and
    architectural heritage) and landscape

31
SEA Environmental Sustainability contd.
  • It is also achieved through the assessment
    process
  • Building trends and comparators into baseline
    data
  • Addressing environmental problems in the areas
  • Subjecting the plan to
  • Other Relevant Plans, Programmes and
  • Environmental Protection Objectives
  • Subjecting the plan to SEA objectives and
    indicators

32
SEA Environmental Sustainability contd.
  • Assessing significant effects reveals key issues
  • Mitigation irreversible impacts by avoiding them
  • Compensating/minimising reversible impacts
  • Monitoring plan implementation
  • Allows future unexpected impacts to addressed
  • Allows planning for contingencies

33
SEA Social Sustainability
  • Through one or more environmental issues
  • Population and health issues are addressed
  • Improve health and reduce health inequalities
  • Promote healthy living
  • Protect and enhance human health
  • Reduce and prevent crime and the fear of crime
  • Increase opportunities for recreation exercise

34
SEA Social Sustainability Contd.
  • SEA promotes
  • Participation Consultations
  • Workshops, forums working groups
  • Provision of information to the public
  • Through these actions, we build
  • Stakeholder relations
  • Community cohesion interconnected

35
B. SEA Economic Sustainability
  • Through one or more environmental issues
  • The SEA Directive protects material assets
  • Material assets include property and funds
  • They include residential and commercial property
  • They include industrial plant machinery
  • Landscape cultural heritage attract tourists
  • SEA saves time and cost during project consents

36
Exercise 2 See Students notes
37
Screening Councils Plans Programmes
  • How is SEA likely to affect you? (Exercise
    Notes)
  • Screening is required in all cases
  • To determine a case for SEA
  • To determine a case for exclusion

38
E. Implementation of SEA for Services
  • Modes of delivering SEA
  • Outsourcing to external consultants
  • In-house SEA
  • Combination of the two
  • Pros and Cons of delivery modes
  • In-house SEA vs. Outsourcing

39
3. Support
  • Training
  • Templates
  • Manuals
  • Case Studies
  • References
  • Sources of Data
  • Practical Support

40
Q A
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