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DEFINITION OF HATE CRIME

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DEFINITION OF HATE CRIME ' ... Are plagued by 'dark figure' of unreported or hidden crime ... Domestic' violence and marital rape were not perceived as crimes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DEFINITION OF HATE CRIME


1
DEFINITION OF HATE CRIME
  • …any incident, which may or may not constitute
    a criminal offence, which is perceived by the
    victim or any other person as being motivated by
    prejudice or hate.

2
  • OFFICIAL CRIME STATISTICS
  • PROBABLY
  • DO NOT REPRESENT
  • OUR EXPERIENCE OF CRIME

3
UNDER REPORTING IS NOT A RANDOM EVENT
  • forecasts of crime trends fail to take proper
    account of what drives unreported crime
  • Individual on relatively high income is 8 more
    likely to report burglary than someone on less
    than average income

4
LIMITATIONS OF OFFICIAL CRIME STATISTICS
  • Are plagued by dark figure of unreported or
    hidden crime
  • Forecasts of crime fail to take account of what
    drives unreported crime. i.e. unemployed is 7
    less likely to report a burglary than someone who
    is currently employed
  • Forecasts of crime trends ought to include
    mechanism for correcting, for reporting behaviour
  • There is disparity between official crime
    statistics and the publics experience of crime

5
NON-REPORTING AND DELAYED REPORTING LEARNING
DISABILITY/VULNERABLE VICTIMS
  • Reluctance to involve police is based on previous
    experience
  • Various factors often cause significant (and
    often damaging) delays in reporting
  • Victims unaware that an offence had been
    committed
  • The incident may not be defined as a crime
  • Prime concern of agencies is the wider issue of
    abuse, their policies reflect this. Domestic
    violence and marital rape were not perceived as
    crimes
  • There are often no formalised reporting
    procedures as the agency policy may not
    facilitate this

6
ECONOMIC MODELLING OF CRIME PROBLEM
  • These models typically focus on property crime
  • Determine which factors influence the aggregate
    crime rate
  • Show in addition to being influenced by changes
    in CJS, some crimes i.e. property crimes increase
    with unemployment but falls as National Income
    increases

7
  • What matters to sophisticated public
  • is
  • How they feel
  • Rather than
  • What official statistics
  • They read

8
BARRIERS TO REPORTING
  • lack of confidence in partners
  • economic factors
  • lack of know-how
  • belief that there is no victim (business crime)
    or they can afford it
  • ..
  • ..

9
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO UNDER REPORTING
  • governments policy i.e. gun crime, to introduce
    tough mandatory sentences
  • 3rd party reporting centres
  • ..
  • ..

10
  • IS THE WELSH ASSEMBLY QUESTIONNAIRE REVELATIONS
  • REPRESENTATIVE?

11
  • OVER TO YOU
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