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Foundations of Multicultural Education


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Title: Foundations of Multicultural Education

Foundations of Multicultural Education
  • Chapter 1

Multicultural Education
  • Multicultural education is an educational
    strategy in which students cultural backgrounds
    are used to develop effective classroom
    instruction and school environments.
  • Addresses cultural diversity and equality in
    schoolsensuring the same access to the benefits
    of society regardless of group membership

Characteristics of a Multicultural School
  • Faculty, administration, staff accurately reflect
    the pluralistic composition of the U.S.
  • Academic achievement differences disappear
  • Curriculum incorporates multiple perspectives and
    contributions of many cultural groups
  • Students are able to use their own cultural
  • Students learn to confront inequities
  • Adults view themselves as learners
  • Staff deals with controversial issues

History of Multicultural Education
  • From deficiency to difference
  • Issues of power and oppressioncritical pedagogy,
    antiracist education, critical race theory

Five basic concepts supporting multicultural
  • Culture
  • Cultural identity
  • Pluralism
  • Equality
  • Social justice

Characteristics of Culture
  • Enculturation and socialization
  • Culture is sharedmost points of agreement are
    outside awareness
  • Culture is an adaptationto the setting
  • Culture is a dynamic system

Cultural Identity
  • Ethnocentrism versus cultural relativism
  • Gender, exceptionality, ethnicity, age,
    geography, class, language, religion
  • Cultural borders
  • Biculturalism In our expanding, diverse nation,
    it is critical that educators themselves become
    at least bicultural. (border crossers)

The Dominant Culture
  • Anglo-Saxon, Western European tradition
  • Individualism
  • Freedomnot having others determine values,
    ideas, or behaviors
  • Privilegemost members of dominant culture do not
    see themselves as privileged

  • Dressing, speaking, and behaving like members of
    the dominant groupadopting the dominant groups
    cultural patterns
  • Acculturation does not guarantee acceptance by
    the dominant group
  • Involuntary immigrantslimited structural

Equality and Social Justice
  • Egalitarianismthe belief in social, political,
    and economic rights and privileges for all people
  • Individualism and Meritocracythe belief that
    everyone has the opportunity to be successful, if
    they just work hard enough
  • The individual over the group, the individual can
    go to the top focus on differences and
    competition, internal characteristics such as
    motivationthe individuals responsibility to use
    these characteristics to go as far as possible

Obstacles to equality
  • Prejudicefocuses on attitudesfeelings of anger,
    fear, hatred, distrust about members of a certain
    groupnegative stereotypes
  • Discriminationfocuses on behavior, individual
    and institutional