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Title:

Alcohol

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Alcohol Use: A High Risk Behavior. What Alcohol Does to the Body. Grade Level: ... liquid that is the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol


1
Alcohol
  • Presented By
  • Philip Buell
  • Ellen Ganey
  • Angela Garmon
  • Jessica Jones
  • Yangtse Machin

2
Presentation Information
  • Chapter 25
  • Title (Content Area) Alcohol
  • Lesson 1-2
  • Title (Topic)
  • Alcohol Use A High Risk Behavior
  • What Alcohol Does to the Body
  • Grade Level Ninth Grade

3
Icebreaking Story
4
Alcohol
  • Defined as A colorless flammable liquid that is
    the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled
    liquors.
  • Ethanol is the type of alcohol found in
    alcoholic beverages and is a powerful drug.

5
How is Alcohol made?
  • Synthetically
  • Naturally
  • - By fermentation of fruits, vegetables, or
    grains
  • Fermentation the chemical action of yeasts and
    sugars

6
Intoxication
  • Defined as the physical and mental impairment
    resulting from the use of alcohol and can range
    from an inability to walk to unconsciousness.
  • At some point in the consumption of alcohol, a
    state of intoxication sets in.

7
Blood Alcohol Concentration
8
Why do teens choose to drink?
9
Reasons Why Teens Choose to Drink
  • escape pressures or problems
  • feel better or get over being sad or lonely
  • deal with stress and relax
  • feel more self-confident in social situations
  • for excitement
  • because their friends are doing it
  • deal with boredom
  • get away with something they are not supposed to
    do
  • to fit in

10
Factors that Affect Teen Alcohol Use
  • Friends
  • Family
  • Advertisements

11
Activity Regarding Alcohol Use
  • Identify individuals attitudes surrounding
    alcohol use.

12
Confidence without Pressure
  • Refuse politely but firmly (No, thanks. Ive
    already got a drink)
  • Give a personal reason. (Im watching my weight)
  • Explain that you have goals (It affects my
    schoolwork)
  • State your values and responsibilities (Its
    against the law for people my age)

13
Driving Under the Influence
  • When a persons blood alcohol concentration
    exceeds the limit allowed by law in their state
  • 17,419 alcohol related crashes in the U.S. in
    2001
  • Factor in at least 41 percent of all fatal
    crashes.
  • Linked to 85 of crashes involving teens 

14
Pull-OverOther Costs of DWI
  • Confiscation of DL
  • Arrest, trip to jail, court appearance fine
  • Possible suspension of DL
  • Possible jail sentence
  • Bail money
  • Increase in insurance rates
  • Possible lawsuits

15
Protect YourselfDont Drive if you are
  • Drinking or with someone that has been drinking
  • Not wearing your seatbelt
  • Near rural roads
  • In a car without airbags
  • Fatigued

16
Designated Who?
  • Designated Driverspeople in social settings who
    choose not to drink so that they can safely drive
    themselves and others
  • Is becoming a popular trend in a drinking society
  • They recognize the importance of never riding
    with anyone who has had any alcohol to drink

17
What does alcohol do in the body?
  • Path of Alcohol
  • Long-term Effects
  • Short-term Effects
  • Absorption of Alcohol

18
Path of Alcohol in the Body
  1. Mouth
  2. Stomach
  3. Small Intestine
  4. Heart
  5. Brain
  6. Liver

19
Short-term Effects
  • Short-term effects depend on
  • Amount consumed
  • Persons gender
  • Persons size
  • Presence or absence of food in persons stomach

20
Short-term Effects
  • Brain
  • Central Nervous System
  • Decision-Making Skills
  • Though Processes
  • Memory
  • Concentration

21
Short-term Effects
  • Liver
  • Oxidation
  • Alcohol ? water carbon dioxide energy
  • Set Reaction Speed
  • Blood Vessels
  • Increased flow of blood
  • Increased risk of hypothermia

22
Short-term Effects
  • Heart
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Fast Heart Rate or Abnormal Heart Rate
  • Kidneys
  • Increase in urine production
  • Dehydration
  • Stomach
  • Enters the blood stream
  • Irritates stomach lining

23
Long-term Effects
  • Brain Damage
  • Decrease in brain size
  • Destroys brain cells
  • Loss of Intellectual activities
  • i.e. memory and problem solving

24
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25
Long-term Effects
  • Chronic Liver Problems
  • Fatty Liver
  • Defined as a condition in which fats build up in
    the liver and cannot be broken down.
  • Results in reduced oxygen and eventually cell
    death
  • Can be reversed if drinking stops

26
Long-term Effects
  • Chronic Liver Problems
  • Cirrhosis
  • Inflammation or infection
  • Can cause weakness, jaundice, fever, death
  • Hepatitis
  • Defined as a condition in which liver tissue is
    destroyed and then replaced with useless scar
    tissue.

27
Chronic Liver Problems
28
Alcohol Absorption
  • No way to stop absorption of alcohol
  • Can be slowed by food
  • Full meal 6 hours to reach brain
  • Fatty foods are best

29
Alcoholism
  • Continued excessive or compulsive use of
    alcoholic drinks
  • If you have alcoholism you experience
  • Loss of control
  • Physical dependence
  • Tolerance

30
Genetic Roles Alcoholism
  • Genetics play a large role in alcoholism
  • Children of alcoholics are about four times more
    likely than the general population to develop
    alcohol problems

31
Tolerance Withdrawal
  • Tolerance is the capacity of the body to endure
    or become less responsive to a substance (as a
    drug) or a physiological insult with repeated use
    or exposure
  • Withdrawal is the syndrome of often painful
    physical and psychological symptoms that follows
    discontinuance of an addicting drug

32
The End!
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