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The Water Framework Directive and the Aquaculture Industry

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Protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems (including terrestrial and wetlands) ... Shellfish and Bathing Water sites. Waters for abstraction for drinking water ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Water Framework Directive and the Aquaculture Industry


1
The Water Framework Directive and the Aquaculture
Industry
  • Claire Vincent
  • Environmental Policy Group
  • Department of the Environment
  • Northern Ireland

2
Introduction
  • Outline of Directive
  • Characterisation
  • Classification
  • Frequently asked questions

3
WFD Approach…
  • ..most ambitious, most expensive and most
    significant piece of EU legislation to hit the
    statute book…(ENDS 2004).
  • it is a framework to protect the water
    environment
  • emphasis is on ecology rather than water quality
  • Pressure and impact analysis

4
What is the Purpose of WFD?
  • Prevent further deterioration
  • Protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems (including
    terrestrial and wetlands)
  • Reduction of priority substances
  • Phasing out of priority hazardous substances
  • Protection of territorial and marine waters
  • 1nmile from baseline for ecological quality
  • 12nmiles from baseline for chemical quality

5
To which waters does WFD apply?
6
  • River basins districts

7
What is the process?
Evaluating risk of failing objectives.
8
On what timescale?
2004 - Characterisation
2006 - Monitoring Programmes
2009 - River Basin District Plan
Good Status
2015
9
Part 2 2004 - Characterisation
  • Annex II
  • Typology water bodies
  • Analysis of Pressures and Impacts
  • Economic analysis of water use

10
Typology
  • Physiological types that are ecologically
    relevant
  • Ecological quality-
  • Compare like with like

11
(No Transcript)
12
Protected Area (bathing beach)
Coastal Water
Transitional Water
13
Coastal WaterTypology - Tidal Range - Salinity -
Exposure
14
Draft water bodies Northern Ireland
15
What about aquaculture activities in 2004 report?
  • Annexes II III
  • Shellfish waters protected areas
  • Salmon farming marine specific pressure
  • UK thinking
  • Nutrients inputs / trophic status
  • Organic loading
  • Dangerous substances
  • Hydromorphology
  • Alien Species

16
Part 3 Classification
  • 2004 Characterisation
  • Initial classification
  • At risk or not at risk
  • 2008 draft river basin management plan
  • 2009 RBMP

17
Principles of status classification
HIGH STATUS REFERENCE CONDITIONS
IMPACTED CONDITIONS
18
What are ecological chemical status?
Good ecological status
Good chemical status
  • EQOs for 18 list I substances under daughter
    directives

19
Elements of ecological status
General phys.-chemical parameters
Biological quality elements
Phys.-chemical parameters
Other chemical pollutants
Priority substances
Hydromorphological quality elements
20
10. What are the elements of ecological status?
Biological quality elements
Phys.-chemical parameters
Hydromorphological quality elements
21
Ecological status - Are biology and chemistry
equally weighted?
22
For good status….
Good chemical status Priority hazardous
subs EQSs set at Community level
Good ecological status Biology Physico-chemical h
ydromorphological

23
Part 4 Frequently Asked Questions
24
Do the same objectives apply in all areas?
  • Conservation Areas (SACs SPAs etc)
  • Shellfish and Bathing Water sites
  • Waters for abstraction for drinking water

Good/High status
25
Designated Shellfish Water Good ecological
status bacteriological
26
Special Areas of Conservation
  • Habitats or species
  • Good whatever is required for favourable
    conservation status

27
Must all areas be restored to pristine
(reference) conditions?
  • No!
  • The target in WFD is good status
  • Good ecological status and
  • Good chemical status
  • With no deterioration

28
WFD Aims
29
What about a new aquaculture activity in a high
status area?
  • High ecological status
  • undisturbed biology
  • no, or only very minor, anthropogenic alterations
    to the physicochemistry and hydromorphology of
    the water body.
  • MSs will not be in breach when a failure to
    prevent deterioration from high to good is the
    result of sustainable human development
    activities

30
What are the implications for the aquaculture
industry?
  • Some aquaculture activities have the potential to
    alter ecological status
  • Bottom culture shellfish
  • The key to minimise the area of impact and to
    ensure sustainable aquaculture practices.
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