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HORTICULTURE DIVISION

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Title: HORTICULTURE DIVISION


1
NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION IN CHHATTISGARH
ACTION PLAN 2007-08
HORTICULTURE DIVISION DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2
1CHAPTER - 5
The new activity proposed to be initiated
during2007-08
3
Proposal of funds for the activities of
2007-08   (Rs. in lakhs)
4
ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007-08 (Old 7 Districts)
(Rs. in lakhs)
5
Contd....
6
Contd....
7
Contd....
8
Contd....
9
Demand of Second Installment for Fruit Plantation
of 2006-07
10
Proposal for inclusion of 5 New districts under
NHM ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2007-08
11
Contd....
12
Contd....
13
Contd....
14
National Horticulture Mission
CHHATTISGARH
15


AIM
  • Aim to double the area under cultivation and
    production and productivity of the crops within
    five years with end-to-end approach.

16
CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES
under NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION in
CHHATTISGARH
17
CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES
1. Crop Based Cluster Approach
2. Chhattisgarh Horticulture Model
3. Community Bore-wells
4. Marketing Infrastructure
5. Special Monitoring
6. Post Harvest Management
7. Clean Development Mechanism
8. Organic Farming
9. Pre-Production Planning (Planting Material)
10. Rapid Extension Methods
18
1. CROP BASED CLUSTER APPROACH
Concept
  • Refers to implementation strategy adopted by
    National Horticulture Mission in Chhattisgarh to
    operate by forming crop wise clusters of villages
    in various blocks of selected districts.
  • Feature UNIQUE only to Chhattisgarh.
  • Clusters formed on basis of crops.
  • Clusters are formed of villages and not of
    districts
  • Each cluster constitutes
  • 200-500 Hectares (250-500 Acres) in one patch
    Fruit Orchard Mango (Central Zone), Litchi
    (Sarguja), Cashew (Raigarh and Jagdalpur).
  • To obtain this, selection of 10-20 villages
    within 25-30 Km. radius.
  • In one village, there should be minimum 10
    Hectares (25 Acres).

19
Status
  • Currently 49 Cluster (2005-06 Plan) have been
    formed and Mission is being implemented in these
    clusters including 384 villages, 10475 farmers in
    7 district.
  • New clusters proposed (2007-08) - 98
  • Trainings are conducted cluster-wise

Region-wise Cluster Distribution based on Major
Crops Northern Chhattisgarh - Litchi Central
Chhattisgarh - Mango Southern Chhattisgarh and
Raigarh of Northern Chhattisgarh - Cashew
20
Benefits
  • Management - Due to cluster approach, there is
    better administrative monitoring and management.
    The
  • Processing - Based on the Cluster Processing
    Plan, the processing units are established or are
    to be established. E.g. Between 2
  • Marketing - Marketing of these crops are assured
    and is also viable for buyers as they have to
    approach cluster wise rather than individual
    farmers.

Thus, the CROP BASED CLUSTER APPROACH envisages
to make the horticultural mission as a
Commercially Sustainable Model.
21
Concept of Micro-clusters Micro-clusters are
also crop based and are for those crops which may
be taken up in new clusters comprising additional
crops.
Difference between Cluster and Micro-Clusters
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2. Chhattisgarh Horticulture Model
An innovative approach for development of
Horticulture Sector in the State
  • Orchard Development (Fruits)
  • Compulsory Intercropping
  • Drip Irrigation / Sprinkler
  • Cow based organic farming/ Vermi composting

25
Chhattisgarh Horticulture Model - Bird's Eye View
Inter-cropping
Vermi-composting
Fruit Crop
Drip Irrigation
26
Vermi-composting
Inter-cropping
Fruit Crop
Drip Irrigation
27
2.1. Orchard Development
Selection of Fruits as Main Crops
Phase - I
Phase - I I
Crops to be introduced under Proposed Plan
Major crops under New Plan
Major crops under old Plan
  • Mango
  • Mango
  • Aonla

2. Cashew
2. Cashew
2. Bael
3. Litchi and
3. Litchi and
3. Ber
4. Lime
4. Lime
4. Jamun
4. E.Citrodora
5. Sitaphal
5. Sitaphal
.......as main crop on farmers fields in
different Agri-climatic Zone.
28
MAIN CROPS
Mango
Lime
Cashew
Litchi
29
2.2. Compulsory Intercropping
  • Due to long gestation period from orchards,
    compulsory intercropping is promoted.
  • Vegetables, spices, medicinal and aromatic crops
    promoted as intercrop between main fruit
    orchards.
  • This is done to enable better utilization of land
    resources.
  • Farmers can take benefit from first year itself
    from these intercrops.
  • Actual benefits from orchards will come in long
    term.
  • Farmers can take variety of intercrops.
  • Aromatic crops have good potential as intercrop
    as once planted, the farmers can harvest the crop
    multiple times, less diseases, farmer friendly
    crops, periodical income possible with good
    market demand having covered by marketing
    linkages.

30
  • Due to long gestation period from orchards,
    compulsory intercropping is promoted.
  • Vegetables, spices, medicinal and aromatic crops
    promoted as intercrop between main fruit
    orchards.
  • This is done to enable better utilization of land
    resources.
  • Farmers can take benefit from first year itself
    from these intercrops.
  • Actual benefits from orchards will come in long
    term.
  • Farmers can take variety of intercrops.
  • Aromatic crops have good potential as intercrop
    as once planted, the farmers can harvest the crop
    multiple times, less diseases, farmer friendly
    crops, periodical income possible with good
    market demand having covered by marketing
    linkages.

31
  • During the National Horticulture Mission period
    (i.e next five years), area for hectarage and
    productivity is proposed to be doubled. Due to
    the geographical distance from the nearest ship
    port, located at Vishakhapatnam, and absence of
    International Airport as well as other
    infrastructure, there is limited scope for export
    of vegetables and flowers, which are highly
    perishable products.
  • Fruits have limited scope for export on similar
    grounds, and in this direction the Agri-Export
    Zone for Mangoes is planned to be established in
    Mango producing areas of Chhattisgarh.

32
  • The Aromatic Sector, unlike vegetables and
    flowers is less vulnerable and forms an important
    component of the Horticulture Sector. The
    Aromatic crops have tremendous scope and
    potential for improvement of Socio-economic
    condition of the state and thus bringing about
    development in the State.

33
Reasons favoring Cultivation of Aromatic Plants -
  • It is in the mandate of the Horticulture Division
    (Department of Agriculture), Government of
    Chhattisgarh.
  • These crops can be grown easily.
  • Short gestation period.
  • Life span of some crops is more than one year,
    hence, planting of crops is not required every
    year as compared to other cereals.
  • It can be promoted as inter or main crop in a
    village (Eucalyptus citriodora is taken as main
    crop).
  • Capacity to sustain vagaries of natural climatic
    factors - major damage to the crop, generally
    does not occur.
  • Advanced market linkages already existing and
    established, so income for a stipulated period is
    assured. Also, the crop disposal is not a
    problem.

34
  • Shelf life value of these crops is more so better
    price realization is possible.
  • Crop rotation - crop change and crop substitution
    is possible only with this mass scale activities
    which give substantial impact in desired
    direction.
  • Employment generation is possible which may check
    the migration problem substantially.
  • Area expansion is possible with very less
    expenditure and efforts.
  • Value addition at every stage is possible which
    may enhance the level of the income of the rural
    communities in the future.
  • Old orchards can be utilized. Crops like
    Patchouli can be undertaken in these old orchards
    so that the old orchards can be rejuvenated with
    the inputs provided to inter-crop.

35
  • Diversified agro-climatic zones of Chhattisgarh
    state further provides congenial atmosphere for
    such crops.
  • Chhattisgarh, as herbal state, envisages in its
    agenda, to promote such crops.

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Patchouli
41
Lemon Grass
42
Lemon Grass
43
Lemon Grass
44
E. citrodora
45
Khus
46
Chysanthemum
47
Chysanthemum
48
Chysanthemum
49
Chysanthemum
50
Chysanthemum Root Suckers
51
Marigold
52
Dalchini
Sonth (Ginger)
Chillies
Cumin
53
Coriander
54
Aloe vera
55
Rajnigandha / Tube-rose
Nargis / Spider Lily
56
Intercropping of Mango and Onion
Intercropping of Mango and Gladiolus
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Intercropping of Aonla (maincrop) and Jamarosa
(Intercrop)
59
Intercropping of Mango (maincrop) and Aloe vera
(Intercrop)
60
Intercropping of Mango (Maincrop) and Sarpgandha
(Intercrop)
61
Intercropping of Mango (maincrop) and Aloe vera
(Intercrop) and Sarpgandha
62
Intercropping of Lime (Maincrop) and Lemon Grass
(Intercrop)
63
2.4. Vermi-composting Unit
  • Establishment of Vermi-compost Units on farmers
    field is promoted as per following specifications

For one hectare -
  • Vermicompost Units of minimum 100 running m. pits
    with cover (1m x 100) (in Nos.) proposed under
    AAP 07-08.
  • Costing of per unit vermicompost unit Rs. 60
    Thousand
  • Cost of Construction and Vermiculture approx.
    Rs. 30 Thousand
  • This amount will provided to farmers against the
    subsidy, which is 50 or Rs. 30000.
  • Rest of the expenditure i.e Rs. 30000 will be
    borne by the farmers for other works (Cost of
    waste material, thatched roof, Cow pat pit, cost
    of labour, watering charges including cost o pipe
    and other equipments etc.

64
Vermi-compost and worms
65
Community Bore-well
66
3. Community Bore well
  • Community bore-wells being dug on farms of
    cluster of farmers in community approach.
  • Care is to be taken to dig bore wells that at
    least one acre of land of each of the farmer of
    cluster/ group is irrigated and at least one
    bore-well caters to 6-10 acres.
  • Suitable sites to be identified for digging of
    Bore well ..
  • Bore-wells to be dug according to rates approved
    by the Ziladhakhsha/ PHED Department.
  • Electrification, Electricity Charge and
    maintenance by farmer self help group method
    (SHG) (Affidavit on Stamp Paper)

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4. MARKETING INFRASTURCTURE
Major / High Potential Markets for Horticultural
Crops -
Within Chhattisgarh
Bordering States
  • Raipur
  • Bilaspur
  • Jagdalpur
  • Korba
  • Mahasamund
  • Durg
  • Dhamtari
  • Banaras, Lucknow - U.P
  • Nagpur, Mumbai - Maharashtra
  • Kolkata - West Bengal
  • Ranchi - Jharkhand
  • Hyderabad - Andhra Pradesh
  • Bhopal, Katni, Indore - M.P

Other Markets that can be tapped - Delhi,
Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Chennai,
72
Marketing Infrastructure to be developed to
ensure disposal of crops under Cluster Approach
Hardware
Software
  • Advanced Marketing Arrangements
  • Buyer-Seller Linking (Backward-forward
    Integration)
  • Farm-gate Disposal at Farmer's discretion -
    Direct Marketing
  • Collection Centres
  • Pack Houses
  • Rural Markets / Apni Mandi

73
Advanced Marketing Arrangements MOUs
Crops taken under MOUs
74
MOUs in Pipeline
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5. SPECIAL MONITORING
State Level Monitoring - Directorate of
Horticulture
District Level Monitoring - District Horticulture
Office/ Technical Orgn.
INVOLVEMENT OF ORGANIZATION (NGOs)
  • Identification of farmers, motivating farmers and
    formation of clusters.
  • Conducting Cluster Level Trainings (Village-wise
    Extension)on-site as well as off-site.
  • Practical Training on land preparation
  • Preparation of Cluster Irrigation Plans (Based on
    community concept).
  • Practical Training on Plantation.

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5.1. STRATEGY
  • 103 Technical organizations applied.
  • 12 selected for supporting Departmental
    Activities.
  • These Technical organizations will be paid _at_ Rs.
    1500 per farmer.
  • For single cropped Micro-clusters Rs. 500 will be
    paid per farmer.
  • Each Cluster document contains
  • Village wise farmers list and the selected crops
    along with their Khasra numbers (Main Cluster
    Data MCD)
  • Cluster Irrigation Plan (CIP)
  • Cluster Processing Plan (CPP)
  • Cluster Extension Plan (CEP)
  • Qualification Criteria
  • 1. One Post Graduate in Horti/Agriculture.
  • 2. 3 Graduate in Horti./Agriculture.
  • 3. 3 year experience in Plantation activities.

80
5.2. ESTABLISHMENT STRATEGY
  • Establishment of Staff -
  • Cluster Coordinator at the Cluster level 1,
    under one Cluster Co-ordinator.
  • 4-6 Assistant Cluster Coordinators (3-4
    villages per ACC)
  • Village Level Facilitator 1 for each village

81
5.3. REPORTING METHODOLOGY
  • Cluster Coordinator reports to NHM Cell at the
    Directorate level.
  • Reporting to be done on Daily Basis in prescribed
    format.
  • Dailey Reports to be sent via, Email, Fax or in
    person or any other possible communication
    source.
  • Failure to comply to reporting leads to
    termination of contract.
  • NGO and Department send daily reports seprately.
  • Flying squad operation (from Directorate, Raipur
    ) to verify and cross check from field.

82
REPORTING
? ?
Directorate
?
Cluster Book
Daily Reports
Daily Reports
District Horticulture Office
Flying squad
Technical Agencies
?
  • Random Spot Checks
  • Physical verification
  • Field Triangulation of reports
  • Periodical Report
  • Verification of works done by T.As

Cluster Coordinator
? ?
ACC
ACC
ACC
ACC
ACC Assistant Cluster Coordinator
VF Village Facilitators
Clusters
C
C
C
83
Reporting in Progress
84
Field verification with farmers
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6. Post Harvest Management
Emphasis on Processing under Cluster Approach
Products suitable for Processing
  • Aromatic Oils
  • Fruits - Juices, Pulp, Jams, Pickles, Jelly,
  • Spices - Powdered, Paste, Dry
  • Flower - Essence, Dye

91
Innovative Technologies / Initiatives
  • Taiwan / Power Operated Sprayer
  • Mango Harvestor
  • Secateurs
  • Power weeder
  • Turmeric Polishing Drums
  • Turmeric Cooking Pans
  • Cashew Low Cost Processing Units
  • Banana Fibre extractor
  • Walk in types Solar dryers for Chillies
  • Plastic Crates
  • Germination Trays

92
Processing Facilities in Chhattisgarh under
Mission
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Aromatic Oil Distillation Unit
95
Aromatic Oil Distillation Unit
96
Mobile Seed Grader Wonder on Wheels
97
Mobile Seed Grader Reaching out to farmers
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7. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) /
Carbon Trading
NEW INITIATIVE
  • Exchanging Carbon Credits against Plantations
    Done under NHM in Chhattisgarh
  • Important in Carbon Sequestration through Large
    Scale Orchard Plantations
  • Global norm of trees above 5 feet
  • _at_ USD 3 per Carbon Credit
  • Negotiations on with Carbon Trading Agencies

104
8. Organic Farming
  • Default Organic Farming
  • Organic Village in Each Cluster
  • Involvement of SGS, INDOCERT, APEDA
  • 3 Areas identified for certification by SGS
  • Organic Clusters Jagdalpur, Ambikapur, Raigarh
    (Cashew)
  • BIOSYS Pvt. Ltd. and other organic companies such
    Dharampal Satyapal Co. under negotiation for
    Organic produces Patchouli, Vetiver oils,
    spices etc.

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COW PAT PIT
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9. Pre-Production Planning (Planting Material)
  • Preparation of Planting Material From Existing
    Cropped Area/ Plantation for Next Year
  • Seeds Vegetables, aromatic crops
  • Slips Aromatic crops
  • Cuttings and Grafts Orchard crops
  • Assured Supply of Planting Material Required for
    Area Expansion
  • Cost Effective / Savings for the Farmer
  • Option to generate Income through Planting
    Material

SELF SUSTENANCE FOR FARMER
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10. Rapid Extension Methods
Daily Activities
  • Daily Meetings and Interaction
  • Horticultural Film Shows
  • Extensive training Programmes

Other Activities
  • Kala Jatthaa Street Plays
  • Posters and Banners
  • Brochures and other Publications

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CHHATTISGARH CROP MODELS
  • Long gestation of Horticultural crops
  • Irrigation dependent
  • Market Infrastructure
  • Perishability of Horticultural crops
  • Thus, the farmers of Chhattisgarh have been more
    inclined towards cash crops than high-value
    horticultural crops.

Thus, keeping these points in mind, and to attain
sustenance in Horticulture to enable farmer's
benefits CHHATTISGARH CROP MODELS have been
developed
Benefits of Chhattisgarh Crop Models
  • Immediate income to farmers from intercropping.
  • Crop selection under Crop Models based on
    Gestation period

133
3 categories -
  • I - 1 year gestation period -
  • Cirtodora as main crop spices vegetables
    Aloe vera / floriculture
  • II - 3 year gestation period -
  • Cashewnut, Ber, Aonla, Vettiver, Patchouli , Aloe
    vera / Ashwagandha / Floriculture
  • III - 5 years gestation period -
  • Mango, Litchi, Cashew, Other crops -
  • Floriculture - Open / protected cultivation
  • Patchouli - important herb that can be taken up
    in old orchards in new orchards, Patchouli can
    be taken up along with other fast growing species
    as intercrop, such as Jatropha.

134
SUSTENANCE OF HORTICULTURE CROPS
Linkages with crops and NHM Components NHM
Schemes can broadly be grouped into 8 categories

135
THANK YOU
THANK YOU
136
1CHAPTER - 1
Physical And Financial Progress Made During
2006-2007 Including The Balance Programme Of
2005-06 Or Which Fund Were Released
137
Physical and Financial Programme Approved in
Annual Action Plan 2005-06 and Progress
138
Contd....
139
Condt..
140
Condt..
141
Physical and Financial Programme Approved in
Annual Action Plan 2006-07 and Progress and
Committed Expenditure
142
Condt..
143
Condt..
144
Condt..
145
Condt..
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Condt..
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Condt..
148
1CHAPTER - 2
Physical Programme Approved in the AAP 2005-06
and 2006-2007 for which Funds were released and
activities initiated but not yet completed
149
  • List of activities not completed but initiated in
    AAP 2005-06
  • There is no activity pending which is initiated
    but not completed during APP 2005-06

150
List of activities not completed but initiated in
AAP 2006-07
151
Contd....
152
Contd....
  • The above mentioned pending work will be
    completed by the end of August 2007.

153
1CHAPTER - 3
Physical Programme Approved in AAP 2006-07 for
which funds were not released but activities
initiated and not yet completed
154
Details of Physical Programme approved in AAP
2006-07 , Activity initiated but
funds are not released .
155
THANK YOU
156
4. Micro-Irrigation (Drip/Sprinkler)
  • Better utilization of water from same resources.
  • Wider distribution of water possible.
  • Prevention of wastage.
  • Better crop growth and yield due to uniform and
    regulated supply.
  • Best method of irrigation for undulating lands.

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Rain Gun
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Drip irrigation system for Eucalyptus citrodora
plantation
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