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Presented by: The Florida Regional Community Policing Institute at St' Petersburg College With Fundi

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Accurately define and identify Community Policing ... Problem Oriented Policing proactive process using police analysis with little ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presented by: The Florida Regional Community Policing Institute at St' Petersburg College With Fundi


1
Presented by The Florida Regional Community
Policing Institute at St. Petersburg
CollegeWith Funding from Department of
Justice, COPS Office
Introduction to Community Oriented Policing
2
Getting Started
  • Introduction and Pretest
  • Introduction of Instructor
  • RCPI Paperwork
  • Review of Course Goals
  • View Building Bridges video

3
Course Goals
  • Participants will
  • Understand the history development of community
    policing
  • Understand the nature of police community
    partnerships
  • Understand the basic elements of a genuine
    community policing philosophy
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the problem
    solving process and documenting results

4
Unit Two Introduction to Community Oriented
Policing
  • Historically law enforcement was tasked to non
    military local groups within a village
  • Public Shaming without trial common tool to
    maintain order
  • Professional Policing first conceived by Sir
    Robert Peel

5
Development of Modern Policing by Sir Robert
Peel.
  • 1829, Peel presented An Act for Improving the
    Police in and near the Metropolis to Parliament
    First Metro Police Force in London
  • NINE (9) timeless Peels principles in course
    book
  • 1 Prevent Crime and Disorder
  • 2 - Public approval of police existence

6
Peels Principles Continued
  • 3 Secure willing cooperation (of the public)
  • 4 Cooperation diminishes with the necessity
    for the use of force
  • 5 Constant demonstration of absolute
    impartiality in police service
  • 6 Use only the minimum of force necessary

7
Peels Principles Continued
  • 7 Police are the public and the public are the
    police
  • 8 Never appear to usurp the powers of the
    judiciary
  • 9 Police efficiency absence of crime and
    disorder

8
History of Modern Policing in the U.S.
  • First professional police force developed out of
    the Ward Concept in NYC 1844
  • Police find themselves tied to politics and
    political leaders to the point of being hired and
    supervised by politicians

9
20th Century Policing in U.S.
  • 1920 August Vollmer develops mobile police
    force, M.O. files, and wants cops to seek higher
    education
  • 1930s O.W. Wilson enhances height and weight
    requirements for police plus promotes quick
    response, preventative patrol and follow up
    investigations and higher education

10
Problems with the Professional Model of Policing
  • Events of the 1960s were turbulent times for law
    enforcement
  • 1968 Presidents Commission on Crime results in
    significant being placed in law enforcement
    programs of all types and description in the
    1970s

11
Unit Three Defining Community Policing
  • Learning Objectives of this Unit
  • Understand Community Policing is a philosophy
    not a program or strategy
  • Accurately define and identify Community Policing
  • Explore how Community Policing Principles are
    applied

12
Three General Policing Strategies
  • Traditional typical 911 reactive response to
    criminal activity
  • Problem Oriented Policing proactive process
    using police analysis with little or no input
    from community
  • Community Oriented Policing coactive approach
    incorporating working relationship between
    community and police

13
Understanding the Community Policing Philosophy
  • Based upon partnerships between police and the
    communities they serve
  • Empower communities to help make things better
  • Allows communities to become self reliant
  • Enhances the overall quality of life

14
Principles of Community Oriented Policing
  • Community Policing values the traditional tools
    of arrest and prosecution
  • Community Policing shifts cop focus from
    responding to individual incidents to addressing
    root problems using problem solving techniques
  • Officers must be empowered by being supported and
    given time, trust and commitment by
    administration

15
Differences between Traditional and Community
Policing
  • See comprehensive chart in
  • Course Manual on
  • PAGE 13

16
Unit Four Police / Community Partnership and
Problem Solving
  • Learning Objectives of this Unit
  • Acquaint Participants with nature and importance
    of police community partnerships
  • Identify essential elements of developing
    partnerships
  • Introduce the SARA Problem Solving model
  • Provide helpful ideas for conducting community
    meetings

17
Understanding Police / Community Partnerships
  • Spontaneous Mobilization is a short lived
    reaction to an incident(s) which quickly
    dissipates
  • Planned Mobilization long ranged process
    involving education, motivation and organization
    which yields long ranged solutions

18
Community Policing KEY Components are
  • PARTNERSHIPPING
  • PROBLEM SOLVING

19
The Problem Solving Process
  • Community Perceptions are their reality and
    perceptions must be engaged and dealt with
  • Dealing only with problem symptoms and not with
    problem root never yields desired result
  • Too much symptom dealing wastes and community
    loses confidence in agency and agency personnel

20
Key Elements and Techniques of Problem Solving
  • Problem a basic unit of police work consisting
    of a group or pattern of crimes, calls, cases or
    incidents
  • A problem concerns community police not just
    police
  • Problems must be accurately defined before a
    workable solution can be achieved

21
Key Elements and Techniques of Problem Solving
Continued
  • Departments level of response must be
    acknowledged (No one has unlimited )
  • Problem must be understood by those persons
    affected
  • Responses must be proactive
  • Responses must be evaluated
  • Circle of Concern Circle of Influence

22
Unit Five SARA Problem Solving Model
  • Learning Objectives of this Unit
  • Understand the four components of the SARA
    problem solving process
  • Acknowledge the essential importance of community
    participation and input
  • Allow participants to practically use the SARA
    problem solving model

23
Benefits of SARA Process
  • Provides a formal procedure to be used uniformly
    be adapting agency
  • Increases likelihood of effective solution being
    achieved
  • Relies on the direct input, expertise and
    creativity of line level officer
  • Requires involvement of the community

24
Steps of the SARA Problem Solving Method
  • Scan Identify the Problem
  • Analyze - Understand the Problem
  • Respond Developing a problem solution
  • Assess Evaluate the effectiveness of the plan
    and what remains to be done

25
SARA Practice Problem (Scenario)
  • Heres a simple scenario which illustrates the
    application of the SARA problem solving method

26
Other Effective Problem Solving Principles
  • Old patterns hinder new solutions
  • Trial and Error may work as well as logic
  • Use observers to identify processes and how and
    through whom problems are solved
  • Anticipate problems
  • Remove as much emotion as you can

27
Analysis and Assessment of Problem Information
  • Beyond the problem incidents themselves, one must
    understand the social and physical context of the
    problem events
  • The most ignored or under developed step in the
    SARA process is the accurate assessment of the
    process to determine whether goals were
    accomplished

28
Unit Six Identifying Resources
  • Learning Objectives of this Unit
  • To acquaint participants with the process of
    identifying resources
  • How to identify potential resources
  • Speak to the many resources currently being used
    by community policing officers

29
Resource Development
  • Development of community resources can mean
    around the clock attention is being paid to
    community problems
  • All neighborhood problems are important
  • Minor concerns can develop into enormous
    problems over time
  • Engage the community

30
Identifying Police Information and Activity
Sources
  • Consider both formal and informal information
    gathering processes
  • Some community leaders will never come to a
    meeting identify and go to them
  • Do not overlook the unique types of information
    available from specific sections of your own
    agency
  • Consider utilizing the media and community surveys

31
Consider these other courses offered by the
Florida RCPI
  • Police - Community Partnerships
  • Problem Solving for CPO Citizen
  • Survival Skills for CPO
  • Building Bridges CPOs Citizens
  • Changing Roles Supervising CPOs
  • Effective Media Skills for LEO
  • Reaching Goals through Codes Enf.
  • Crime Prevention - CPTED
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