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Poverty Outreach Models at Work Data and Experience from Promising Practice

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Judge success as the ability to generate a target income ... creating ladders. sequencing. how the model works. Nine pilots in seven countries ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Poverty Outreach Models at Work Data and Experience from Promising Practice


1
Poverty Outreach Models at Work - Data and
Experience from Promising Practice
  • Poverty Outreach Plenary

2
LEEP Moving the poor above the poverty line
  • A Poverty Outreach Model
  • From ChildFund International

3
The LEEP Strategy
  • The 2004 starting point a desire to lift
    poor families above the poverty line.
  • Design Question
  • What package of interventions would help a
    very poor family achieve a minimum of
    Rs. 24000 net income per annum?

4
LEEP Minimum Standard
  • Government of India definition of poverty

Rs.24000 annual income per family
5
The LEEP Model
  • Market Assessment Linkages
  • Technical Training Support
  • Mentoring Follow-up

6
Market Led Approach selection of a priority
activity based on
7
Technical Training Support
8
Mentoring Follow-up
  • Income monitoring
  • Links to service providers
  • SHG mutual support

9
LEEP Program Areas
54 districts in 12 states
10
POVERTY OUTREACH

No. families 32,260 Time to
move above the poverty line 3-5
years
11
IMPACT
  • Only anecdotal evidence
  • Need data on income
  • progress out of poverty

12
(No Transcript)
13
Sustainability Achieved
  • Enterprise Level
  • Producers have skills that allow continued
    profitable operation
  • Market Level
  • Producers face a profitable and growing market
  • Service Provider Level
  • Quality and value added of TA results in
    market for para-veterinarian services and access
    to agriculture extension agents

14
LEEP Poverty Outreach Lessons
  • Support a limited number of activities that have
    strong market start with income potential not
    enterprise preferences
  • Judge success as the ability to generate a target
    income
  • Provide an on-going support structure initial
    skills training is not enough

15
Graduation Program
  • A Poverty Outreach Model
  • From CGAP-Ford Foundation

16
CGAP - Ford Foundation Graduation Program
17
graduating out of extreme poverty
Microcredit is not appropriate Savings are
important, but not enough Safety nets are
generally focused on program duration
18
what is graduation ?
creating ladders
safety nets livelihoods microfinance
sequencing
19
how the model works
20
Nine pilots in seven countries
Haiti - India - Pakistan - Honduras - Peru -
Ethiopia - Yemen
21
under close scrutiny
understanding change
quantitative research qualitative research
measuring impact
22
early numbers
Fonkoze, Haiti 150 participants 143graduated 95
graduation rate
Bandhan, West Bengal, India 300 participants 292
graduated 97 graduation rate
SKS, Andhra Pradesh, India 426 participants 414
graduated 97 graduation rate
Trickle Up, West Bengal, India 300 participants
258 graduated 86 graduation rate
23
gradauting lessons
learning
targeting - consumption support - savings -
asset transfer - value chains - building
confidence
assumptions
24
early lessons
learning
targeting - consumption support - savings -
asset transfer - value chains - building
confidence
assumptions
25
targeting the poorest
26
Sequencing is crucial
Building blocks sequencing is crucial
  • Helps create breathing space
  • Regularity fosters trust
  • Cash allows financial education and savings

Consumption support
  • Need to fit into the value chain
  • Mix short and long term assets. Diversify to
    mitigate risks
  • Support services are key (vets, irrigation etc)

Asset transfer
  • Need literacy training to encourage usage
  • Helps build assets
  • Favours financial discipline

Savings
  • Ongoing coaching complements classroom
    training
  • Setting graduation goals early is important
  • Group meetings and village assistance committees
    help

Building confidence
27
still learning
www.cgap.org/graduation
28
(No Transcript)
29
Saving for Change
  • A Poverty Outreach Model
  • From Oxfam America

30
Saving for Change
31
Save
32
Borrow
33
Save and Repay
34
Distribute funds at end of cycle
35
Innovations (Oral Record Keeping)
36
Innovations (Pictorial Manual)
37
(No Transcript)
38
Scale (Members)
39
Group Funds in US
40
Replication Key to scale and sustainability
  • Animators form savings groups
  • Animators select group members to be replicators
  • Train replicators
  • Equip them with Pictorial Manual
  • Replicators form savings groups

41
Data on Replication
Animator Replicator
42
Data on Replication
43
Cumulative Cost Per member (US)
26
44
Qualitative Research Findings
  • Reaches poorest
  • Increased food security
  • Funds used to
  • Investment in trade and agriculture
  • Pay school fees
  • Purchase medicine
  • Purchasing animals

45
Sustainability
  • Group members are able to manage their financial
    operations without assistance
  • Group members continue operations well beyond the
    project period
  • Replicators continue forming and supporting
    groups beyond the project period

46
Data on Sustainability
  • 78 of groups operate independently
  • 99 of members continue with the group
  • lt1 of groups disband
  • 90 of women in villages covered by SfC

47
Randomized Control Trial
  • 500 villages 210 treatment, 290 control
  • Savings and borrowing
  • Investment, income and assets
  • Food security
  • Health and education
  • Social capital
  • Womens empowerment

48
Challenges
  • Replicators training groups in other villages
  • Training mature groups

49
Thank You
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