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Title: NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR


1
NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF
CAMPAIGN 2007
3rd 4th, APRIL, 2007
Thiru G. Santhanam, I.A.S., Commissioner of
Agriculture, Government of Tamilnadu
2
PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE 2006-07 - Highlights
  • The foodgrain production estimated to reach
    all time high level of 95.4 L.MT
  • Contributors

Crop Area (L.Ha.) Production (L.MT) Productivity (Kg./Ha.)
Rice 21.50 (20.5) 78.00 (52.1) 3600 (2541)
Maize 2.90 (2.03) 5.75 (2.41) 1983 (1189)
Pulses 8.50 (5.25) 3.70 (1.77) 435 (337)
Figures in parenthesis for 2005-06
3
FOODGRAINS PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE 10th FYP
4
Contributors Performance (Production)
PADDY
MAIZE
PULSES
5
MAJOR INITIATIVES 2006-07
  • Special Campaign for increase in area under Maize
    and Pulses
  • Arrangements made for adequate availability of
    Seeds, Fertilisers and other inputs
  • Special Programmes
  • Waiver of cooperative crop loan to the tune of
    Rs.7,000 crores
  • Reduction of interest for agricultural loan from
    9 7 in Cooperative Banks.
  • Crop Insurance to non loanee farmers at 50
    subsidy on premium
  • Extension of free electricity for agricultural
    pumpsets (17.62 L.Nos.)
  • Free distribution of developed wastelands to poor
    agricultural landless labourers-71117 acres so
    far reclaimed and distributed to 71755 to poor
    farmers
  • Welfare schemes to agricultural labourers
  • Opening of Research Station for Maize and Cotton

6
PROGRAMME FOR KHARIF 2007
Crop Area (L.Ha.) Kharif Area (L.Ha.) Kharif Production (L.MT) Kharif Production (L.MT) Kharif
Crop 2006 2007 2006 2007
Paddy 7.07 7.66 25.452 27.959
Millets 5.70 5.03 6.019 5.880
Pulses 2.25 2.10 0.969 0.949
Total foodgrains 15.02 14.79 32.44 34.788
Oilseeds 4.34 5.055 7.422 8.495
Cotton 0.60 0.75 1.150 1.750
Sugarcane 2.38 2.10 27.37 24.742
7
PREPAREDNESS FOR KHARIF 2007
  • Village level action plan prepared
  • Fertilisers and Micro Nutrients recommended as
    per Soil Health status
  • Stocking of adequate quantity of Certified seeds
    in Govt. Private outlets.
  • Credit for Rs.1360 crores through cooperatives .
  • Interest for the crop loans reduced from 7 to 5
    for prompt payers
  • Provision of Rs.15 crores as 50 subsidy towards
    insurance premium for 10 lakh farmers for crop
    loss.

8
PREPAREDNESS FOR KHARIF 2007 contd.
  • Technology information drive to farmers to get
    high income
  • Preseason campaign in all villages
  • Opening of facilitation centres at Block Level.
  • Cluster approach and active involvement of all
    Farmers Interest Groups / Farm Women Groups/
    Water users Association / NGOs etc.,
  • Contractual arrangements between farmers and end
    users for cash crops
  • Publicity through Mass media, Printing materials
    and Electronic media
  • Crop contingency plan prepared for each Agro
    climatic zones in the event of failure of monsoon

9
BOTTLENECKS FOR KHARIF
Bottlenecks Counter Measures
Scarcity of ground water Micro Irrigation
Increasing fallow lands Waste Land Development, Lift Irrigation Society
Scarcity of Agricultural labour Farm Mechanisation
Highly undependable rainfall Contingency Plan, Micro Irrigation
Highly fluctuating market prices Contract Farming for assured prices
10
MEASURES PROPOSED
  • Bringing wasteland under cultivation and
    distribution to the poor landless labourers at
    free of cost.
  • Government of Tamil Nadu has distributed 77,117
    ac. of Government Waste lands to 71755nos. of
    landless labourers in three phases.
  • The fallow lands owned by the farmers are
    reclaimed free of cost (Rs.2600/ac.) to bring
    them under cultivation.
  • Distribution of Soil Health Cards to all 10 Lakh
    farmers

1. Cluster Approach 5. Lands reclaimed
2. Water Sources Createcd 6. Lift Irrigation Society formed
3. Drip and Fertigation installed 7. Free Electricity Connections
4. Free planting of perennial fruit crops 8. Inter cropping to get more income
11
MEASURES PROPOSED contd
  • Precision farming in irrigated areas and cluster
    approach
  • Integrated farming system approach in dry lands
  • Suitable crop rotation by pulses / Maize paddy-
    Oilseeds
  • Modernisation of irrigation sources to cover 3.20
    L.Ha. through IAMWARM (World Bank Project).
  • Massive adoption of water saving technologies
    viz. SRI in paddy, Micro irrigation and
    Fertigation in other crops esp. in sugarcane
  • Timely distribution of quality seed through seed
    village concept .
  • Timely distribution of quality inputs like
    fertilizers, pesticides, etc.
  • Popularisation of IPM and INM concept

12
MEASURES PROPOSED contd
  • Bringing more area under Maize with contract
    farmingBringing more area under Rainfed pulses
  • Thrust for ELS Cotton in select areas
  • More area under Bt. Cotton
  • Thrust on Sugarcane cultivation by pit method /
    paired row method and drip fertigation in 15,000
    ha.
  • Strengthening of Uzhavar Sandhai (Farmers Market)
  • Massive drive in drip irrigation to Horticultural
    crops and Agricultural Crops

13
ROAD MAP TO ACHIEVE 4 GROWTH RATE
  • Agriculture contributes 14 in NSDP
  • Suggested growth rate in Agriculture .. 4.2
  • Sub sector growth target percentage
  • Total Crops -- 2.88
  • Food grains - 2.3
  • Oilseeds - 4
  • Others - 3
  • Horticulture - 5
  • Live Stock - 6
  • Fisheries - 6
  • Forestry - 0

14
ROAD MAP TO ACHIEVE 4 GROWTH RATE
Crops Average Prodn Suggested GR Prodn. to be aimed
Foodgrains 72.7 2.3 74.4
Oilseeds 12.38 4 12.87
  • Cropwise Growth Rate comparatively difficult,
    since certain years recorded negative GR. However
    in the past three years performance is
    encouraging.
  • For Agriculture, target can be achieved /
    exceeded
  • For Horticulture, Livestocks and fisheries, GR is
    achievable
  • If 2007-08 is not normal, still possible to
    increase production by appropriate intervention
    through Growth Drivers

15
GROWTH DRIVERS
  • No Possibility for increasing the net Area under
    Agricultural Crops
  • Bringing 20 L.Ha. Fallow Lands into cultivation
    by Waste Land Development for bio-mass production
  • Focus on productivity improvement
  • Precision Farming in all the districts
  • More area under SRI in Paddy
  • IAMWARM project to bring additional area under
    irrigation
  • Crop diversification
  • Post Harvest Technology and marketing facilities

16
FACILITATING THE GROWTH DRIVERS
  • Bottom up planning Single Window Extension
    Delivery System
  • Soil Health Care INM
  • Extended risk coverage for crop Insurance
  • IT for market intelligence, input information
    speedy communication of technologies

17
STRENGTHENING EXTENSION NETWORK - ATMA
  • KEY REFORMS PROMOTED
  • New autonomous institutional arrangements at
    State, District, Block Village Levels.
  • Decentralised decision making encouraged
  • Convergence of line departments Gap filling
    mode
  • Multi Agency Extension Strategies Encourage
    Private Sector.
  • Restructuring of Department for strengthening
    Horticulture and Marketing
  • Strengthening the Extension at Block Level
  • Precision Farming through TNAU Research Station /
    KVK

18
NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION
FUNDS SANCTIONED, RELEASED DETAILS
(Rs. In crores)
Year Proposed Sanctioned Released
2005-06 127.74 75.72 38.93
2006-07 93.05 93.05 46.00
Total 220.79 168.77 84.93
  • The programme in 13 districts during 2005-06.
  • During 2006-07 Government of India have
    sanctioned a sum of Rs.93.05 crores and released
    Rs.46.00 crores so far.
  • One more district Nilgiris is now included
  • Tamil Nadu Horticulture Development Agency
    (TANHODA) is the Implementing Agency

19
NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION ACTION PLAN 2007-08
Intervention Physical Financial (Rs. in lakhs)
Plantation Infrastructure 8 Nos 216.000
Establishment New Garden 71680 Ha. 6449.128
Rejuvenation of Senile Garden 1240 Ha. 1863.000
Creation of Water Sources 190 Ha. 1900.00
Protected Cultivation 391525 Sq.m 930.945
Precision Farming 540 Ha. 531.800
INM / IPM 21000 Ha. 210.000
Organic Farming 9700 Ha. 1020.000
HRD 50996 Nos. 957.180
Pollination Support 1000 Nos. 8.000
Technology Demonstration 5 Nos. 2500
Post Harvest Management 3498.10
Mission Management 1942.308
Total 22026.471
20
REVAMPING OF NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION TO
MAKE IT GENUINELY AREA BASED IN ITS APPROACH
  • Prioritisation of crops and clusters.
  • Construction of water harvesting structures /
    Community tanks / Farm Ponds around the targeted
    clusters.
  • Precision farming approach for each crop and for
    each cluster.
  • Crop based associations to take up organised
    cultivation and marketing of the produce.
  • Enhancing Acreage and Productivity in Potential
    belts / Clusters.
  • Linking production clusters of various
    horticultural crops with markets.

21
QUALITY CONTROL MECHANISM - SEED
  • Seed Processing Unit Distribution
    Outlets SSF
  • (Total capacity 1,05,750 MT)
  • Government - 71 Nos. 880 Nos 37 Nos.
  • Private -187 Nos. 6300 Nos.

Enforcement 7 nos. Seed Testing Labs
(existing ) 22 labs Proposed for XI
FYP Testing capacity 24,000 nos.
22
QUALITY CONTROL MECHANISM - SOIL
  • PROBLEM SOILS (Saline and Alkaline) 4.7 lakh
    Ha.
  • Focus on soil health Card - Distributed 7.2 Lakh
    cards
  • Soil Health Card contains macro, micro nutrients,
    pH, EC details and recommendations for crop /
    tree to be grown
  • Presently 19 STLs and 16 MSTLs functioning with a
    capacity of 6.5 L.Nos. of samples
  • Establishing 11 new STLs / Providing AAS for
    strengthening 8 MSTLs during 2007-08 proposed
    under MMM to test 8.68 L.Nos. of soil samples
    additionally.
  • Detailed Soil Survey for 1.1 L.Ha every year to
    prepare soil resource inventory for soil based
    planning.
  • Soil Atlas map available for district, block and
    village level
  • TNAU has developed DSSIFER for soil testing and
    recommendations
  • Soil reclamation done for 4000 ac. Per year

23
QUALITY CONTROL MECHANISM FERTILISER AND
PESTICIDES
  • Strict enforcement of FCO to prevent spurious
    fertiliser sales.
  • 14 Fertiliser Control Labs analysing 17,500
    samples
  • 16 new FCLs is proposed to be established during
    2007-08 under MMM to increase the capacity to
    36508 nos.of samples.
  • 5 FCLs computerised 4 FCLs strengthened
  • 9 PTLs are functioning with a capacity of 14,500
    samples per annum.
  • To intensify the Enforcement, 6 new PTLs are
    proposed under MMM during 2007-08 to increase the
    analysing capacity to 21,628 samples per annum.

24
SOIL FERTILITY AND PROMOTING WASTELAND MANAGEMENT
  • Distribution of Soil Health Card by department,
    Private Manufacturers, KVKs and Sugar mills
  • Promotion of applying soil ameliorants
  • Crop rotation with pulses to promote nitrogen
    fixation
  • Integrated watershed approaches
  • 1.75 L.Ha. Have been treated under NWDPRA during
    X Plan and it is proposed to treat 1.38 L.Ha.
    during XI Plan.
  • Rainfed Agriculture through Mission Approach with
    TNAU, Department and ICRISAT
  • Development of dry land through IWDP, DPAP and WDF

25
STRENGTHENING OF ISOPOM
  • Quality seed production and distribution/
    adoption of Cluster approach concept.
  • 5,000 Nos. of pulses minikit , 7,000 nos.of
    oilseeds kits and 8000 kits of Maize of high
    yield potential varieties proposed to GOI for
    2007-08
  • Farm Women Groups encouraged for quality seed
    production
  • Major thrust on precision farming for pulses and
    oilseeds under irrigated condition
  • Steps taken to promote profitable crops like
    maize and sunflower
  • Popularisation of IPM and INM
  • Training to Extension Personnel and farmers
  • Crop rotation to boost the income of the farmers
    in the pump set areas by following 1 ha. 1 lakh
    income concept
  • Application of bio-fertilizers and micro nutrients

26
PRODUCTIVITY PERFORMANCE IN X FYP
Kg/ha
CROP 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
Paddy 2359 2308 2703 2541 3600
Millets 959 983 1053 985 1181
Pulses 356 374 367 337 435
Total foodgrains 1597 1520 1870 1164 2293
Oilseeds 1282 1385 1484 1623 1765
Cotton 188 213 244 260 326
Sugarcane 9244 9192 11018 10469 11500
  • Productivity performance is low from 2002-03 to
    2005-06 due to severe consecutive droughts/
    floods/ tsunami
  • The productivity in 2006-07 is expected to reach
    all time high level under rice, pulses and
    sugarcane.

27
ISSUES FOR CONSIDERATION
  • Release of GOI funds in two installments
  • Subsidy may be provided for soluble fertilisers /
    Organic Manures including vermi compost and
    bio-fertiliser
  • Seasonality discipline to be made uniform for
    both loanee and non loanee farmers
  • Extension of NHM Schemes to all districts

28
THANK YOU
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