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Inquiry in the Science Classroom:

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'Learning science is something that students do, not something that is ... assistance on how to implement their ideas in the classroom. ... Project based on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Inquiry in the Science Classroom:


1
Inquiry in the Science Classroom
  • The E2020 Program

Weaver Group Jason L. Steward
2
Learning science is something that students do,
not something that is done to them.
  • (NRC, 1996)

3
Inquiry
  • Inquiry-based learning in the science classroom
    takes advantage of students innate curiosity
  • Students are encouraged to devise their own
    experiments to test their scientific questions
  • Students are given chances to refine and repeat
    their experiments

4
Elements of Inquiry
  • Observation
  • Questioning
  • Experimental Design
  • Data Collection
  • Data Analysis
  • Repeating
  • Reporting/Peer Review

5
Research Goals
  • Devise instruments to quantify level of inquiry
    used in the classroom
  • Determine effectiveness of inquiry-based methods
    on student learning, interest, and motivation
  • Explore the effect of inquiry-based teaching
    methods on teacher/student attitudes
  • Identify possible barriers to the implementation
    of inquiry-based methods in the classroom
  • The utilization of both quantitative and
    qualitative methods in data collection

6
Background of the E2020 Program
7
Teachers working with scientists
  • Teachers are paired with experienced researchers
    from universities.
  • First-hand experience in laboratories to see
    scientific inquiry in action.
  • Teachers are able to see how the process of
    inquiry is initiated and carried-out in the real
    world.
  • Experiments with researcher-mentors carried out
    over a six-week period.

8
Summer Workshop
  • Workshops are used to further explore the use of
    inquiry in the classroom.
  • Teachers receive assistance on how to implement
    their ideas in the classroom.

9
Implementation in the classroom
  • Teachers and students work on project throughout
    school year
  • Inquiry is not a one-time learning experience it
    is an ongoing process
  • Project can be related to the authentic research
    done during summer
  • Project based on students questions
  • Students should have ownership of the scientific
    questions to give context and make data
    collection more relevant (Moss, Abrams, and
    Kull).

10
Assessment Goals
  • Within the domain of inquiry-based education,
    categorize teachers based on the amount of
    inquiry used in the classroom.
  • Correlate student outcomes within teacher
    categories.
  • Attitude/Interest
  • Understanding of the scientific process
  • Variable manipulation within experimentation

11
Preliminary Assessment Trends 2001-2002 group
  • Attitude
  • Correlation of post-year student attitude scores
    (Likert scale) vs. teacher scores (frequency of
    activities the students observed in the classroom
    throughout the year)
  • I like to figure out tough problems without
    anybody elses help (r .986, p.014)
  • I will sometimes do more work than is required
    in science just because it is interesting (r
    .920, p.080)
  • What I learn in my science class is useful in
    everyday life (r .909, p.091)
  • Computers are useful in my science class (r
    .938, p.062)

12
Preliminary Assessment Trends 2001-2002 group
  • Paired T-test on pretest and posttest attitude
    scores (Likert scale).
  • Posttests showed an increase in means for the
    following statements
  • I enjoy science (p.003)
  • I will sometimes do more work than is required
    in science just because it is interesting
    (p.084)
  • What I learn in my science class is useful in
    everyday life (p.012)
  • It is important to me to do well in science
    class (p.033)

13
Future Research
  • E2020
  • 2002-2003 group data will be analyzed to detect
    trends
  • Teacher interviews in April/May 2003
  • Inquiry
  • Study the utilization and occurrence of inquiry
    at the undergraduate and graduate levels
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