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SWP22RES RESEARCH FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE A

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LECTURE TWO - Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Research ... METHODS. 4. RESULTS. 5. DISCUSSION. HYPOTHETICO - DEDUCTIVE / QUANTITATIVE RATIONALE FOR RESEARCH ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SWP22RES RESEARCH FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE A


1
SWP22RES RESEARCH FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE A
  • MARTIN RYAN
  • LECTURE TWO - Quantitative and Qualitative
    Approaches to Research

2
HYPOTHETICO - DEDUCTIVE / QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
REPORT(KELLEHEAR, 1993)
  • 1. LITERATURE REVIEW
  • 2. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  • 3. METHODS
  • 4. RESULTS
  • 5. DISCUSSION

3
HYPOTHETICO - DEDUCTIVE / QUANTITATIVE
RATIONALE FOR RESEARCH
1. READ FIRST - LITERATURE REVIEW2. HAVE AN
IDEA - THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
4
  • 3. GO OUT IN THE WORLD TO TEST IT. HOW IS THIS
    TO BE DONE? - METHODS4. WHAT WAS FOUND OUT?
    - RESULTS

5
  • 5. WERE YOU RIGHT IN THE FIRST PLACE? -
    DISCUSSION

6
The hypothetico-deductive design is
called that because it tests hypotheses
(hypothetico-) and it does this by testing a
general theory in the form of a hypothesis
(prediction for testing) on a particular sample
of cases.A hypothesis can be defined as a
theory-based prediction of the expected results
of research or an educated guess

7
  • It moves therefore, from the general (theory) to
    the particular (deductive) sample of a study.
  • Deductive reasoning is forming a theory,
    making a deduction from the theory and testing
    this deduction or hypothesis against reality.

8
PHASES OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROJECT (CHERRY,
2000)
  • 1) SELECTING A MANAGEABLE RESEARCH PROJECT
  • 2) CONDUCTING THE LITERATURE REVIEW
  • 3) FORMULATING THE HYPOTHESIS OR A TESTABLE
    RESEARCH QUESTION

9
  • 4) SELECTING A RESEARCH METHOD
  • 5) CHOOSING THE POPULATION OR A SAMPLE
  • 6) CHOOSING SCALES OR MEASURES TO TEST YOUR
    HYPOTHESIS

10
  • 7) DATA GATHERING
  • 8) ANALYZING THE DATA
  • 9) DRAWING CONCLUSIONS FROM THE ANALYSIS
  • (From CHERRY, A. (2000) A RESEARCH PRIMER FOR THE
    HELPING PROFESSIONS METHODS, STATISTICS AND
    WRITING, BROOKS/COLE, BELMONT, CA.)

11
  • But not everyone thinks that this is the way to
    do social research. Some think that
  • - this approach imposes a set of meanings on
    social phenomena (fine, if wanting to
    generalise from sample, but if primarily
    looking at meaning and experience this may
    not be appropriate)
  • - excludes from study ideas which are not part
    of original theoretical framework

12

- very much has an outsider's view of social
phenomena (etic) rather than emic (in-group
or insiders meanings) (Kellehear, 1993)
13
ETHNOGRAPHIC-INDUCTIVE / QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
REPORT
  • 1. LITERATURE REVIEW
  • 2. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
  • 3. ETHNOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION
  • 4. DISCUSSION

14
ETHNOGRAPHIC-INDUCTIVE / QUALITATIVE RATIONALE
FOR RESEARCH
  • 1. READ FIRST - LITERATURE REVIEW
  • 2. EXPERIENCE, PARTICIPATE, OBSERVE, LISTEN,
    RECORD - ETHNOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION

15
  • 3. DESCRIBE THE THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS OF
    WHAT YOU SAW / HEARD - DISCUSSION
  • 4. EXPLAIN WHERE YOU WERE AND HOW YOU WENT
    ABOUT THE JOB OF UNDERSTANDING - BACKGROUND
    TO THE STUDY

16
Qualitative Research Approach
  • The Ethnographic-Inductive Design (Naturalistic,
    interpretive approach)
  • - attempts to understand the common sense
    meanings and experiences of the participants of
    a social system
  • - adopts an -emic viewpoint (insider view)
  • - researcher moves from a particular case (the
    research study) to the general social theory
    which is inductive thought (from the specific
    to the general)

17
PHASES OF A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH PROJECT (CHERRY,
2000)
  • 1) IDENTIFYING YOUR AREA OF INVESTIGATION
  • 2) SELECTING A QUALITATIVE SAMPLE
  • 3) COLLECTING QUALITATIVE DATA

18
  • 4) ANALYZING QUALITATIVE DATA
  • 5) WRITING ABOUT THEORY THAT EMERGES FROM THE
    DATA
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