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Situationer on the Philippine EIS System

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Situationer on. the. Philippine EIS System. The EA system as a Planning Tool ... Review and evaluation system varies from one RO to another (all 16 regions) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Situationer on the Philippine EIS System


1
Situationer on the Philippine EIS System
2
The EA system as a Planning Tool
  • EA more as a regulatory rather than a planning
    tool
  • EA done per project/ project specific
  • Very limited use of programmatic and other EA
    tools and approaches
  • DENR-EMB input to the ICC evaluation of proposed
    projects is not maximized.
  • There is separate requirements by donor agencies

3
The Universe (Scope) of Environmental Regulation
  • EMBs industrial data base is 25,000. This is
    assumed to be the universe of industries under
    some form of environmental regulation. This is
    3 of the total number of registered industries
    (826,783) in the country in 1999
  • The universe of the regulated establishments has
    not been established
  • The EMB has no record pertaining to the total
    number of industries/undertakings deemed as ECPs
    or projects under ECA, the percentage of
    industries issued with ECCs, and those which are
    not covered.

4
Screening and Scoping
  • There are screening and scoping criteria
    developed and well employed by the EMB CO and
    ROs. The scoping guidelines, however, are
    limited only to ECPs.
  • Guidelines encourage the conduct of scoping at
    the earliest possible stage, or at FS phase

5
EIS Review, Evaluation and Processing
  • EIA review is a long and bureaucratic process
  • Review and evaluation system varies from one RO
    to another (all 16 regions)
  • There are no guidelines in the evaluation of
    institutional framework and training requirements
    of implementing the EMPs of proposed projects.

6
EIS Review, Evaluation and Processing
  • In 2003 and 2004 (after DAO 03-30) fourteen (14)
    of the 16 EMB ROs were able to process CNC
    applications within the prescribed 15 days
    processing time.
  • All 16 ROs were able to process all non-ECP
    applications within the prescribed 60 day period.

7
Public Participation and Disclosure
  • Public participation is required in category A
    projects only, lenient on requiring stakeholder
    involvement and participation for Category B
    projects.
  • The requirement for public participation and
    disclosure in projects under category B and C are
    at the discretion of EMB

8
Environmental Management Planning
  • Requirements on the preparation of EMPs and EMoPs
    are relaxed in projects under category B, C and
    D.
  • Poor implementation of the EMP

9
Certificates issued by DENR (EMB CO ROs) 1980
to 2003
10
No. of reported projects monitored by EMB and
MMTs as of 2002
EMBCO EIS 0.20 EMB RO IEE-17.60 MMT EIS
0.20 MMT IEE 0.01
11
(No Transcript)
12
Monitoring
  • Selection of samples for monitoring is by
    convenience, until SEPMES project in 2004
  • Project Evaluation and Monitoring Prioritization
    Scheme (PEMAPS) has been initiated

13
General Findings of the Agency Assessment
  • DA, DEP-ED, DSWD, DAR dont have EUs
  • EA functions on most agencies are add-on
    functions
  • Majority of agencies rely on EMB to monitor
    except for projects with PMOs which perform these
    monitoring functions ( most agencies have no
    budget for monitoring of environmental and social
    safeguards and have no guidelines related)
  • The establishment of a MENRO in LGU is optional
    thus the implementation and monitoring of
    environmental safeguards in local projects is
    inadequate

14
The DENR-EMB as an Oversight Agency
  • DENR-EMB input to the ICC evaluation of proposed
    projects is not maximized.
  • DENR-EMB which serves as the national and
    regional focal point of the envtl. impact
    assessment has inadequate manpower to implement
    all the related functions
  • Lacks capacity to undertake legal and
    institutional adequacy assessment for proposed
    projects

15
The DENR-EMB as an Oversight Agency
  • Despite fast turn over of administration, the
    core staff who are knowledgeable and competent on
    the EIS system, remains intact.
  • Academic preparation of EMB case handlers lean
    more toward biophysical expertise and less on
    socio-cultural discipline

16
The DENR-EMB as an Oversight Agency
  • EMB has own website, the information provided are
    very limited. It does not provide opportunities
    for the public to comment on an ECC application
    neither on a draft EA guideline.
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