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Chapter 3 Understanding the Role of Culture

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... Internet and culture. Developing cultural ... Japanese, or any other country's styles, practices, expectations, and processes ... Influences on National Culture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3 Understanding the Role of Culture


1
Chapter 3 Understanding the Role of Culture
2
URLS
  • Transnational Corporations and Corporate Codes of
  • Conduct http//www.goodmoney.com/
  • The Progressive Directory of the Institute for
    Global
  • Communications http//www.igc.org/igc/
  • Social Accountability International www.cepaa.org
  • Transparency International - www.transparency.org

3
Overview
  • Culture and its effects on organizations
  • Cultural variables
  • Cultural value dimensions
  • The Internet and culture
  • Developing cultural profiles
  • Culture and management styles around the world

4
Key Terms
  • Culture Savvy
  • Cultural Sensitivity or Cultural Empathy
  • Culture of a society
  • Self reference criterion
  • Parochialism
  • Ethnocentrism

5
Cultural Variables
  • Never assume that a manager can transplant
    American, or
  • Japanese, or any other countrys styles,
    practices,
  • expectations, and processes
  • Managers need to develop a cultural profile that
    identifies
  • the specific differences found in each country

6
Subcultures
  • Residents of the country only conform to the
    national
  • character to a certain degree
  • Could be from ethnic, geographic, or other
    variables
  • Good managers treat people as individuals and
    they avoid
  • any form of stereotyping

7
Influences on National Culture
  • Kinship guides family relationships
  • Education formal or informal education of
    workers affects
  • workplace expectations
  • Economy means of production and distribution in
    a
  • society influences all aspects of the resource
    allocation
  • Politics system of government imposes varying
  • constraints on an organization

8
Influences on National Culture
  • Religion spiritual beliefs of a society are so
    powerful that they
  • overpower all other cultural aspects
  • Associations the formal and informal groups
    that make up a
  • Society
  • Health system of health care affects employee
    productivity
  • Recreation the use, attitude, and choice of how
    to use leisure
  • time

9
Cultural Value Dimensions
  • Values are a societys ideas about what is
  • good or bad, right or wrong

10
Cultural Clusters
  • Ronen and Shenkar

11
Hofstedes Value Dimensions
  • Hofstede

12
Trompenaars Value Dimensions
  • Trompenaars

13
Culture Savvy
  • A working knowledge of the cultural variables
    affecting management decisions

14
Cultural Sensitivity or Cultural Empathy
  • An awareness and an honest caring about another
    individuals culture.

15
Culture of a society
  • Comprises the shared values, understandings,
  • assumptions, and goals that are learned from
    earlier
  • generations, imposed by present members of a
    society, and
  • passed on to succeeding generations.

16
Self reference criterion
  • The unconscious reference point of ones own
    cultural values

17
Parochialism
  • Occurs when a Frenchman, for example, expects
    those
  • from or in another country to automatically fall
    into patterns
  • of behaviour common in France.

18
Ethnocentrism
  • Describes the attitude of those who operate from
    the
  • assumption that their ways of doing things are
    best no
  • matter where or under what conditions they are
    applied
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