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Sandro Botticelli 14451510 Italian Renaissance

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... often created a sense of his figures floating in front of decorative backgrounds. ... Birth of Venus' relays the story of the Roman goddess of love, Venus. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sandro Botticelli 14451510 Italian Renaissance


1
Sandro Botticelli 1445-1510 Italian Renaissance
2
Young Man with Medal
  • Born to a wealthy family, Sandro Botticelli
    (bot-i-chell-ee) was first trained as a
    goldsmith, then apprenticed to the painting
    master Fra Lippi. He set up his own workshop at
    the age of 25.
  • His name means the little barrel. Scholars
    think it was originally his overweight older
    brothers nickname, then adopted by Sandro.
  • Some scholars think this may be a self portrait
    of Botticelli at the age of 30.
  • The medal shows the image of one of his sponsors.

3
Guiliano dMedici 1475
  • Botticellis reputation was set by the patronage
    of the powerful Medici (med-i-chi) family of
    Florence, where he lived.
  • The Medici were known for their intellectual
    vigor and support of the arts.
  • They wanted to help revive the ancient Roman and
    Greek traditions of Italy, which are at the heart
    of the Renaissance.
  • Notice how expensive the fabrics and surfaces are
    in this picture. The patron wanted to show his
    status.

4
Adoration of the Magi 1475
  • In this painting of the Magi attending the Christ
    child, Botticelli has used portraits of his
    patrons as the faces. Hes even painted himself
    into the picture--hes in the brown robe on the
    right. Notice the bright colors and precise
    detailing in the faces and background. Does the
    picture feel dynamic or static?

5
Primavera 1478
  • One of his most famous paintings, Primavera
    portrays a celebration of spring. It uses
    classical gods to tell the story.
  • On the left is Mercury, here representing
    knowledge. Next to him are the Three Graces.
  • In the center is Venus, the goddess of beauty,
    with Cupid, her son, overhead.
  • On the right is the spring wind touching his
    wife, goddess of flowers, who stands next to
    Flora, the goddess of plants. Notice how flowers
    flow out of her mouth.

6
Primavera
  • These details show Flora and the Three Graces.
    Botticelli is known for his elegant use of line.
    He often created a sense of his figures floating
    in front of decorative backgrounds. His work has
    been called visual poetry. Notice how the
    figures all have clear edges--almost as though
    they were outlined first and then filled in.
    Instead of receding into the background--like
    works by da Vinci or Rembrandt--figures burst off
    the plane of the pictures.
  • Some think that his works have a sense of
    sadness, even in celebratory works like this one.
    What do you think?

7
The Birth of Venus 1478
  • One of the most famous paintings ever made, The
    Birth of Venus relays the story of the Roman
    goddess of love, Venus. She was born of the seas
    and came to the isle of Cyprus fully grown. On
    her left are two of the winds on her right is
    thought to be one of the Graces holding a robe
    for her.
  • Scholars think this was painted along with
    Primavera as a set, and they do share many
    characteristics. What commonalities do you
    notice?
  • Notice how detailed the background plants and
    flowers are. Do you notice the outlining of the
    forms? Is this real or idealized?

8
Birth of Venus
  • These details show Botticellis use of line.
    Notice how the figures--whether a flower or
    Venus--have an outline which contains the object.
    The image of Venus has been called one of the
    most lovely in the history of art. What is
    special about this image? Does she look happy?
  • The flowers show his background in the workshop
    system, where he would have spent years doing the
    backgrounds for commissions for Fra Lippi. The
    delicacy and color, however, are unique to
    Botticelli.

9
Cestello Annunciation 1479
  • In addition to working in Florence, Botticelli
    had a Roman commission to work on the Sistine
    Chapel, where he did a cycle of frescoes on
    Moses.
  • He worked with many topics, both religious and
    secular. In this work, he shows an angel
    visiting Mary. Notice the perspective--how the
    floor design draws your eye back through the
    window.

10
Cestello Annunciation
  • In 1490, the Medici family was expelled from
    Florence, and the city entered a period of
    severe religious reform, in which many works of
    art and writings were destroyed.
  • As a protégé of the Medici family, Botticelli had
    trouble getting good commissions after they lost
    power. His later work is not considered as
    strong as the works we have seen. Many of his
    later works are dark and sober, unlike his
    earlier paintings.
  • Unlike most Renaissance masters, Botticelli
    largely disappeared from view until the 19th
    century, when his work was rediscovered in
    Europe.
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