70290: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, Enhanced Chapter 11: Moni - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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70290: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, Enhanced Chapter 11: Moni

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Details pane lists all events with information including: Type of event. Data and time ... Three options available in tool: counter logs, trace logs, and alerts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 70290: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, Enhanced Chapter 11: Moni


1
70-290 MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft
Windows Server 2003 Environment,
EnhancedChapter 11 Monitoring Server
Performance
2
Objectives
  • Identify the importance of monitoring server
    performance
  • Use Task Manager to monitor server performance
    and resource usage
  • Use Event Viewer to identify and troubleshoot
    problems
  • Use the Performance console to monitor server
    performance using both System Monitor and
    Performance Logs and Alerts
  • Optimize server performance through the
    configuration of service settings

3
Introduction to Monitoring Server Performance
  • Server performance can deteriorate over time
  • Monitoring helps alert you to problems before
    they become serious
  • Normal behavior is called baseline performance
  • Built-in tools for monitoring
  • Task Manager
  • Event Viewer
  • Performance console

4
Task Manager
  • Fastest way to obtain a system performance
    snapshot
  • Provides high-level information
  • Can be accessed through Windows taskbar or
    CtrlAltDelete key combination
  • Has five main tabs
  • Applications
  • Processes
  • Performance
  • Networking
  • Users

5
Monitoring and Managing Applications
  • From Task Manager, the Applications tab displays
    a list of all foreground software applications
  • To manage a particular application, select it
    from the list and choose a menu option End Task,
    Switch To, New Tasks
  • Or, right-click an application and choose from
    shortcut menu Switch To, Bring to Front,
    Minimize, Maximize, End Task, Go To Process

6
Monitoring and Managing Processes
  • From Task Manager, the Processes tab displays a
    list of all processes in use by applications and
    services
  • Displays information about each running process
  • Right-click a process to end it
  • Can change process priority from default of
    Normal Priority

7
Monitoring and Managing Processes (continued)
8
Activity 11-1 Using Task Manager to Manage
Applications and Processes
  • Objective To explore managing applications and
    processes using Task Manager
  • Open Task Manager using CtrlAltDelete
  • Observe running applications
  • Start a new application and explore options using
    Task Manager

9
Monitoring Real-Time Performance
  • From Task Manager, the Performance tab displays
    CPU and memory performance charts, graphs, and
    statistics
  • Gives a snapshot of system performance at the
    moment
  • Often used in conjunction with a more detailed
    tool as a first pass look at performance

10
Monitoring Real-Time Performance (continued)
11
Monitoring Real-Time Performance (continued)
12
Activity 11-2 Using Task Manager to Monitor
Performance
  • Objective To monitor server performance using
    the Task Manager
  • Open Task Manager and click the Performance tab
  • Review information
  • Start an application and again review performance
  • Explore starting and stopping applications and
    the effect on performance

13
Monitoring Network Performance
  • From Task Manager, the Networking tab displays
    network utilization information
  • Roughly the percentage of the network bandwidth
    in use
  • Also displays network performance data for each
    installed network card
  • Name of adapter, network utilization detected by
    the adapter, speed of network link, and
    operational state of adapter

14
Monitoring Network Performance (continued)
15
Monitoring Users
  • From Task Manager, the Users tab displays a
    listing of users currently logged on, including
    network clients
  • Can log off or disconnect a user
  • Can send messages to connected users
  • Can connect to another users session

16
Monitoring Users (continued)
17
Event Viewer
  • Used to gather information and troubleshoot
    software, hardware, and system problems
  • Events are recorded in logs
  • Event Viewer allows you to view contents of logs
  • Log entries denote warnings and errors
  • Often include an event ID that helps to identify
    problem
  • Three main logs
  • Application log
  • Security log
  • System log

18
Event Viewer (continued)
19
Event Viewer (continued)
  • Domain controller has two additional logs
  • Directory service log
  • File replication service log
  • Any user can view contents of application and
    system log
  • Administrators and those with special permission
    can view security log
  • Event types include information, warning, error

20
Interpreting Events
  • Click a log file within Event Viewer to get
    details
  • Details pane lists all events with information
    including
  • Type of event
  • Data and time of event
  • Source of event
  • Category and event ID
  • Computer on which event occurred

21
Interpreting Events (continued)
22
Activity 11-3 Viewing Event Viewer System and
Application Log Events
  • Objective Use Event Viewer to view system and
    application logs
  • Open Event Viewer and view the application log
  • View properties of events in the log
  • Open the system log
  • Review an error event

23
Activity 11-3 (continued)
24
Performance Console
  • Supports gathering more detailed information than
    Task Manager
  • Consists of two different tools
  • System Monitor
  • View data gathered from counter objects
  • Performance Logs and Alerts
  • Periodically logs samples to a data file to be
    imported into other applications
  • Generates alerts when certain configured
    thresholds are met

25
System Monitor
  • Particularly useful for collecting data on
    real-time server performance
  • Tasks that can be performed using System Monitor
  • Understanding server performance
  • Problem diagnosis
  • Capacity planning
  • Testing
  • You can specify a type of data to monitor, the
    source or computer from which to capture data,
    and performance objects to monitor

26
Using System Monitor
  • Displays information when Performance tool is
    first opened
  • Data display related to memory, processor, and
    physical disk objects on local computer
  • Three possible views
  • Graphs
  • Histogram
  • Report
  • System Monitor toolbar used to control various
    functions

27
Using System Monitor (continued)
28
Activity 11-4 Exploring System Monitor Settings
  • Objective To explore System Monitor settings for
    Windows Server 2003
  • Open the Performance console to see System
    Monitor running
  • Use the toolbar to change view types
  • Change the view to highlight a particular
    property
  • Explore freezing the display

29
Activity 11-4 (continued)
30
Activity 11-4 (continued)
31
Performance Objects and Counters
  • Performance monitoring is a regular maintenance
    task
  • Performance counters
  • processor time
  • interrupt time
  • Pages/second
  • Page faults/second
  • disk time
  • Avg. disk queue length

32
Activity 11-5 Adding Counters to System Monitor
  • Objective To add object counters to the System
    Monitor tool
  • Add several counters
  • Explore the Explain feature
  • Explore different views

33
Activity 11-5 (continued)
34
Using System Monitor (continued)
  • Collecting data is easy, interpreting data is
    harder
  • Often there are causal relationships that arent
    obvious
  • Several alternatives for saving and viewing
    historical data
  • Html files
  • Log files
  • Databases

35
Activity 11-6 Saving and Viewing System Monitor
Data
  • Objective Explore options for saving System
    Monitor data
  • Open System Monitor and collect data
  • Freeze the display
  • Save the data as an html file
  • Explore options that are available in the browser

36
Activity 11-6 (continued)
37
Performance Logs and Alerts
  • A second tool available within Performance
    console
  • Allows you to automatically collect data (locally
    or remotely) and view it using another program
  • Tasks collect data in different formats, view
    data, configure parameters, configure and manage
    logging sessions, set up alerts
  • Three options available in tool counter logs,
    trace logs, and alerts

38
Configuring Alerts
  • Logging increases overhead on a server
  • Set up a regular schedule for collecting and
    reviewing data
  • Since logging should not run constantly, alerts
    can notify you of a potential problem

39
Configuring Alerts (continued)
40
Activity 11-7 Configuring Performance Logs and
Alerts
  • Objective To explore configuring performance
    logging and alerts
  • Open Performance Logs and Alerts
  • View the System Overview log
  • Explore the Log Files and Schedules tab
  • Configure alerts and monitor performance

41
Configuring and Managing Services
  • Dont want to run unnecessary services, adds
    overhead to a system
  • Before disabling a service, check dependencies
  • Services MMC allows you to configure various
    settings under the properties of a service with
    following tabs
  • General
  • Log On
  • Recovery
  • Dependencies

42
Activity 11-8 Configuring Windows Server 2003
Services
  • Open the Remote Desktop Help Session Manager and
    configure it to start automatically
  • Objective To configure the startup properties
    and settings of Windows Server 2003 services
  • Open the Services MMC
  • Explore the General, Log On,Recovery and
    Dependencies tabs
  • Open the Messenger service and disable it

43
Activity 11-8 (continued)
44
Activity 11-8 (continued)
45
Summary
  • Goal is to ensure servers meet performance
    expectations and to minimize server downtime
  • Task Manager utility provides snapshots of CPU,
    memory, and network performance and utilization
    Used as an initial point of reference
  • Task Manager can also be used for management to
    end, switch, start, etc. new applications and
    processes and to log off and disconnect users

46
Summary (continued)
  • Event Viewer utility used to view logged
    information about errors, cautions, and events in
    processes and applications helps to identify
    issues before they become larger problems
  • Performance console contains the System Monitor
    utility and the Performance Logs and Alerts
    utility
  • System Monitor allows you to track many different
    performance measures locally and remotely and
    provides different views of the measures

47
Summary
  • Performance Logs and Alerts allows you to
    automatically log performance information based
    on start and stop times or on alert
    configurations
  • Information can be saved in different formats
    including SQL database, comma-separated,
    tab-separated, etc.
  • To optimize server performance, unnecessary
    services and applications should be disabled
    some run by default when server is installed
  • Check Dependencies before disabling a service
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