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GAMBLING ADDICTION

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Portland Tribune - April 20, 2007. Embezzler's sentenced: 8 years ... Gambling in Oregon is Growing ... casino opened in Oregon. 2005 The Lottery expanded ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GAMBLING ADDICTION


1
GAMBLING ADDICTION THE WORKPLACE
2
Goals for this presentation
  • Understand issues related to gambling and
    workplace fraud/embezzlement
  • Learn the signs of a gambling problem
  • Explore the causes of problem gambling
  • Discuss ways to address problem gambling at the
    workplace
  • Become familiarize with resources to address
    problem gambling

3
Gambling Fraud
  • Why should we care?

4
Theft ends up a bad gamble
  • Woman gets 15 months for stealing 785,000
    from her employer.
  • Former assistant manager, First American Title
    Insurance of Portland, embezzled 800,000 between
    2001-05, sentenced to 15 months federal prison.
  • Portland Tribune - April 20, 2007

5
Embezzlers sentenced 8 years
  • West Linn- During sentencing for stealing 1.4
    million, the citys former finance chief talks of
    terrible shame
  • The Oregonian,
  • November 18, 2006

6
More Stories of Gambling Related Embezzlement
  • Aloha woman, stole more than 900,000 from her
    employer, US Bank, sentenced to 27 months.
  • Washington County woman, embezzled 275,000 from
    EasyStreet Online Services, sentenced to state
    prison.

7
Why is Gambling Related Crime a Growing Concern?
  • The issue of problem gambling is a growing
    concern

8
Gambling Industry is Growing
9
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10
Gambling in Oregon is Growing
  • 2002 Oregonians spent 1.18 billion on all
    forms of gambling, 447 per adult 25
    more than the national average
  • 2003 Legislation made way for a 20 increase
    in Video Lottery Terminals
  • 2004 A ninth tribal casino opened in Oregon
  • 2005 The Lottery expanded into video slots
  • 2006 Lottery exceeds 1 billion in sales, video
    lottery sales up 24 over previous year
  • Source Eco Northwest, 2005

11
Societal Acceptance More Gamblers
  • Industry perpetuates a vision of gambling as
    entertaining, glamorous and as a means of
    achieving financial freedom.
  • Recent surge in reality TV gambling shows

12
More Gamblers, More Problem Gamblers
  • Prevalence of gambling disorders
  • is a function of the overall level of gambling
    participation

13
The More Problem Gamblers, the More Gambling
Related Crimes
  • Moore Marotta ( 2006).
  • 43 of women and 38 of men entering gambling
    treatment reported so have committed an illegal
    act related to their gambling.
  • Smith, Wynne, Hartnagel (2003)
  • Gambling related crime was responsible for 2.7
    of Edmonton police records in 2001.
  • National Gambling Impact Study Commission
    (1999).
  • A third of problem and pathological gamblers had
    been arrested, compared to 10 of low-risk
    gamblers and 4 of non-gamblers

14
What is Problem Gambling?
  • Gambling continuum
  • Definitions
  • Signs symptoms

15
Continuum of gambling behavior
No Gambling
Experimentation
Social
At-Risk
Problem
Pathological
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
16
  • Problem Gamblers
  • often high functioning and bright
  • usually employed
  • often not the typical user of social services
  • enter treatment later
  • easier to hide no obvious physical signs of
    addiction, nor physical limitations to the
    process (i.e. dont OD from too much gambling )

Pam Former Credit Union VP (incarcerated for
embezzlement)
Sandy 4th grade teacher
Jane
Grandma stole 250K to gamble
Warren Cornell University Economics Degree
Source National Council on Problem Gambling
voices of recovery http//www.ncpgambling.org/
17
Problem gambling defined
  • All patterns of gambling behavior that
    compromise, disrupt, or damage personal, family
    or vocational pursuits.

18
Indicators of problem gambling
  • Increase in gambling time and places
  • Increase in size of bets
  • Working up special occasions for gambling
  • Intensity of interest in gambling
  • Boasting wins evading loses
  • Exaggerated display of money and other
    possessions

19
More Indicators
  • Gambling when there is a crisis
  • Drop off in other activities/interests
  • Frequent absences from school, work and home
  • Excessive phone use
  • Withdrawal from family
  • Personality changes (irritability/hostility)
  • Diversion of funds earmarked for other purposes

20
Pathological Gambling
  • Synonymous with compulsive, addicted,
    clinical, diagnosable and Level 3
  • Classified in DSM-IV as an Impulse Control
    Disorder
  • Diagnostic criteria is similar to that of
    Substance Abuse/Dependence

21
What Causes Problem Gambling
  • Public Health Model

22
What Causes Gambling Problems?
  • Host (Gambler) Agent (Gambling Device)
  • -genetics -speed of play
    -biology -bet size
  • -coping style -control
  • -psychological -stimulus load
  • vulnerabilities -reinforcement
  • -traits structure
  • Environment
  • Social culture, political culture, gaming
    venue, family culture, availability,
    environmental stressors

23
Interactions Among the Host, Agent, and
Environment
  • The causes of problem gambling are complex and
    may emanate from diverse sources
  • a mix of individual traits
  • social and economic circumstances
  • overall community environment
  • Commission, 1998

24
Workplace Interventions
25
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26
Co-workers are often the first line of defense
  • The workplace is used as a shield to hide the
    problem gambling from family members.
  • The challenge is to identify the problem gambler
    before they become desperate.
  • It is important that all
  • employers and employees
  • develop a greater
  • awareness of the signs
  • associated with
  • a gambling problem.

27
Workplace signs of a gambling problem
  • Work performance deteriorates
  • pre-occupied
  • trouble concentrating
  • absent or late for meetings
  • misses assignment deadlines.
  • Frequent unexplained absences or disappearances
    from work.
  • Eager to organize and participate in betting
    opportunities.

28
Workplace signs of a gambling problem
  • Frequently borrows money, argues with co-workers
    about money that is owed to them.
  • Complains about mounting debts.
  • Excessive use of the telephone for personal
    calls.
  • Experiences mood swings, often related to winning
    and losing streaks.
  • Credit card or loan bills are mailed to work
    rather than home.

29
Workplace signs of a gambling problem
  • Increasingly spends more time gambling during
    lunch hours and coffee breaks.
  • Pay is requested in lieu of vacation time
  • False claims are made against expense accounts.
  • Theft of property.

30
Effects on the workplace
  • The workplace is primarily affected through
  • Lost Time
  • Lost Productivity
  • Theft, Fraud and Embezzlement

31
What can supervisors do?
  • Express concerns in a caring and supportive
    manner
  • Use work-related observations
  • Explain how the problem affects you
  • Be clear about your position
  • Respect personal boundaries
  • Provide information, not advice
  • Be prepared for denial or a hostile reaction

32
What can organizations do?
  • Policy statements
  • Provide awareness training
  • Make financial counseling available
  • Monitor the money stream

33
Resources
34
Free awareness resources503-945-9703
  • Speakers
  • Videos
  • Handouts
  • Posters and brochures

35
  • Problem Gambling Help Line
  • Free and confidential staffed by professional
    counselors
  • Phone 1 (877) MY LIMIT
  • Online 1877mylimit.org (chat, IM, email)

36
Treatment in Oregon
  • Continuum of Care
  • Gambling Evaluation and Reduction Program (GEAR)
  • Corrections Program
  • 27 outpatient treatment centers
  • 3 crisis-respite programs
  • 1 residential treatment program

37
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38
Conclusions
  • Problem gambling is a real and growing concern
    for security professionals and others.
  • Effects about 1 in 37 adults.
  • We need to implement measures to address problem
    gambling in the workplace.
  • Policies, increase awareness
  • Resources are available.
  • Utilize your local resources
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