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from EML to Learning Design

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Title: from EML to Learning Design


1
from EML to Learning Design Planned OS
Implementations focusing on RELOAD
  • Bill Olivier
  • Director, CETIS

2
OU Netherlands EML
  • In 1997 OUNL strategic decision to provide
    eLearning as key to their future development
  • 3 year internally funded RD programme
  • Many pedagogies already in use at the OUNL needed
    to be supported. How?
  • Extensive research into pedagogies (100)
  • Abstracted a common meta-language the
    Educational Modelling Language EML
  • Use EML to describe the learning process
  • Core of the language
  • People engage in Activities with Resources

3
OU Netherlands EML
  • People engage in Activities with Resources
  • Elaborating the core elements of the EML
  • People one or many, learners or staff
  • At design time, dont know who
  • But can specify the Roles they are to play
  • Activities description structured info
  • learning objectives prerequisites metadata
  • Resources learning objects services
  • EML has many types of object
  • This got simplified in Learning Design
  • Many Roles, objects services need to
    be co-ordinated in a learning flow

4
OU Netherlands EML
  • What kinds of Learning?
  • Integrate use of content and discussions or more
    complex collaborative services
  • Support group learning where people engage in
    either
  • The same things at different times
  • Different things at the same time
  • Support different types of learning
  • Problem-based Project-based Learning
  • Tightly controlled Programmed Learning
  • Loosely controlled Role Play Learning
  • Etc.

5
OU Netherlands EML
  • EML went through 3 cycles of
    specification-implementation-refinement
  • Too general described many pedagogies, but not
    enough functionality/detail to be useful
  • Too specific Now useful but limited range of
    pedagogies
  • Just right could describe a wide range of
    approaches with enough to be useful
  • EML v1.0 was made public in Dec 2000
  • Key Questions Will implementations provide
    enough? If not will future version be more
    complicated? too complicated?

6
IMS
  • IMS also started in 1997
  • By end of 2000 IMS had developed
  • Metadata (to describe learning content objects)
  • Enterprise (to pass enrolments return results)
  • Content Packaging (to transfer display content)
  • QTI (to describe portable tests and return
    results)
  • LIP (to describe learners and their learning)
  • But nothing to describe the learning process
    itself
  • CETIS had argued in IMS for the need to also
    support multi-person models of learning
  • and saw IMS OUNL specs as complementary

7
IMS
  • Instructional -gt Learning Design WG, 2001
  • Ambitious scope Framework
  • To describe learning processes
  • Support different approaches to learning
  • Multi-user as well as single learner
  • Portable, searchable, reusable, etc.
  • but couldnt develop from scratch in 1 year
  • July 2001, WG accepted EML as input specification
    from which to build
  • Problem EML very large. Solution
  • Drop EMLs Content Description (DocBook derived)
  • Use IMS Content Packaging to hold web content

8
Extends IMS Content Packaging
  • The Learning Design Specification suggests
  • Learning Design goes into the CP Organizations
    element
  • It replaces the simple Organization/Item
    Finder-style tree structure with a richer more
    developed structure
  • existing Content Packages can be re-used by
    reference or by including them as sub-manifests
  • Conceptually LD wraps the content with
  • Multiple roles and coordinated activities
  • Learning Objectives and Prerequisites are
    integral
  • It adds Services currently the main ones are
  • send-mail
  • conference

9
Where LD goes in a Content Package
  • IMS Content Package
  • (imsmanifest.xml)
  • manifest
  • metadata
  • organizations
  • learning-design
  • resources
  • manifest
  • (sub-manifests of included sub-packages)

10
Main Parts of Learning Design
  • learning-design
  • title
  • learning-objective
  • prerequisites
  • components
  • roles
  • activities
  • environments
  • method
  • play
  • act
  • role-parts
  • metadata
  • ( there may be many of these)

11
The Dynamics of Learning Design
method
  • play

Activity- Description
components
12
Sub Parts of Learning Design
  • components
  • roles
  • learner
  • staff
  • activities
  • learning-activity
  • environment-ref
  • activity-description
  • support-activity
  • activity-structure sequenceselection
  • environment-ref
  • activity-ref
  • activity-structure-ref
  • environments
  • environment
  • learning-object
  • service
  • mail-send

xxxxx-ref a reference is like an arrow pointing
to another object. There can be several
references to one object. (cf a Windows
alias). References allow an object to be (re-)
used in several places. ( there may be many
of these)
13
Including CPs SCOs in LD
  • Ways of using CP with LD
  • As just seen Use CP to package LD
  • Include CPs as sub-manifests
  • Reference CPs as files in the same package
  • Reference CPs as external entities via URL
  • Ways of using SCOs with LD
  • Could include LD as an alternative Organization
  • and include SCORM enabled content
  • Include SCOs as sub-manifests
  • Reference SCOs as files in the same package
  • Reference SCOs as external entities via URL
  • When referencing other LDs, CPs SCOs,
  • need to use agreed Resource type identifiers

14
Accommodating Simple Sequencing
  • IMS Learning Design has 3 Levels
  • Level A is the core language
  • Level B adds properties and conditions to Level A
  • Level C adds notifications to Level B
  • Why?
  • To allow staged implementations
  • To accommodate Simple Sequencing
  • Particularly for vendors that have already
    implemented Simple Sequencing
  • By making properties conditions optional, hooks
    can be added to include SS instead.

15
Accommodating Simple Sequencing
  • BUT - SS has a single-user model - LD has a
    multi-user model
  • SS included where LD supports a single
    user working with content
  • LD properties and conditions provide greater
    generality
  • supports variables
  • Has generic if-then-else structure
  • They are single and multi-user in scope
  • Simple Sequencing aimed for an 8020
  • 80 of (single user) cases
  • 20 of the commands

16
Example of Project-based Learning
How might a learning design play out in an example
17
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

18
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

19
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

20
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

21
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

22
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

23
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

24
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

25
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

26
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

27
Example of Project-based Learning
  • play

28
What might LD look like?
1. Participants Browser View of a Live Learning
Design
29
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4



30
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4
Description . .. .
Resources Object 1 Object 2
Service 1

31
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4
Description . .. .
Resources Object 1 Object 2
Service 1
View panel for Service
32
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4
Description . .. .. ..
. . . .


33
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4
Description . .. .. ..
. . . .
Resources Object 10


34
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Role Researcher 1
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity 3 Activity 3.1
Activity 3.2 Activity 4
Description . .. .. ..
. . . .
Resources Object 10

View panel for Object 10
35
What might LD look like?
Participants Browser View of a Learning Design

Act 1
Act 2
Act 3
Act 4
Act 5
Role Learner
Activities Activity 5 Activity
5.1 Activity 5.2 Activity
5.3 Activity 6 Activity 7

done


36
What might LD look like?
2. Authors View of an LD Environment Builder
37
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5

Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
38
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
39
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
40
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1

Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
41
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder
Environment Editor

Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1

Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
42
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource
3
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
43
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource
3
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
44
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
45
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
46
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5 Conference 1
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
47
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5 Conference 1
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
48
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5 Conference 1 Send-Mail
1
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
49
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5 Conference 1 Send-Mail
1
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
50
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Environment Builder

Environment Editor
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
Environment 3 Resource 1 Resource 3
Resource 5 Conference 1 Send-Mail 1
Environment 5
Services Send-Mail Tmpt Conference Tmpt
Conference 1 Conference 2 Conference 3
Send-Mail 1
Resources Resource 1 Resource 2 Resource
3 Resource 4 Resource 5 Resource 6 .
51
What might LD look like?
3. Authors View of an LD Activity Builder
52
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity Builder

Activity Editor
Activity Title Research 1
/ Choose \ / View \ / Edit \

Learning Objective URL
Prerequisites URL
Description URL
Metadata
Environments Environment 1
53
What might LD look like?
4. Authors View of an LD Activity-structure
Builder
54
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4

Activities
Environments
55
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
56
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
57
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity
5
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
58
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity
5
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
59
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity 5 Activity
6
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
60
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity 5 Activity 6

Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
61
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity 5 Activity 6
Activity Structure 4
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
62
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity 5 Activity 6
Activity Structure 4
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
63
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Activity-structure Builder

Activity-Structure Editor
Activity-Structures Activity-Struct 1
Activity-Struct 2 Activity-Struct 3
Activity-Struct 4
Activity-structure 3 Activity 5 Activity 6
Activity Structure 4 Environment
5
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2 Activity
3 Activity 4 Activity 5 Activity 6
Environments Environment 1 Environment 2
Environment 3 Environment 4 Environment 5
64
What might LD look like?
5. Authors View of an LD Play/Act/Role-part
Builder
65
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Play 1

Add Play
66
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Add Act
Act 1
Play 1

Add Play
Complete When
On Completion
67
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role
Roles
Role-parts Role-part 1 Add
Role-part
Play 1

Add Play

Activity
Complete When
On Completion
68
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Role-part 1 Add
Role-part
Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities 1
Research Activities 2
Activity
Complete When
On Completion
69
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Research 1 Add Role-part

Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities 1
Research Activities 2
Activity
Complete When
On Completion
70
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Research 1 Add Role-part

Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities1
Research Activities 2
Activity
Complete When
On Completion
71
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role Researcher 1
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Research 1 Add Role-part

Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities 1
Research Activities 2
Activity
Complete When
On Completion
72
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role Researcher 1
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Research 1 Add Role-part

Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities 1
Research Activities 2
Activity
Complete When
On Completion
73
What might LD look like?
Authors View of an LD Play / Act / Role-part
Builder

Play / Act / Role-part Editor
Acts
Plays
Act 1
Add Act
Role Researcher 1
Roles Learner Researcher 1
Researcher 2 Researcher 3 Researcher
4 Researcher 5 Staff Teacher
Assessor
Role-parts Research 1 Add Role-part

Play 1

Add Play
Activities Activity 1 Activity 2
Activity-Structures Research Activities 1
Research Activities 2
Activity Research Activities 1
Complete When
On Completion
74
An extended Role-Play as an example of
using Learning Design Level A
75
The Versailles Role-play
  • Example submitted by LTScotland to Learning
    Design WG
  • A multi-school, -team, -player, blended learning,
    8 week role-play of the Treaty of Versailles in 3
    main parts
  • Preparation
  • Each school has six teams each playing a nation
  • UK, France, USA, Poland, Italy, Serbia
  • Use online system for background research
  • Given each countrys negotiation objectives
  • History, maps and other links materials
  • f2f, in each school, prepare for run a trial
    negotiation
  • Each country, across all schools, prepare their
    strategy
  • Negotiation Day
  • Main Negotiation Chamber 15 side-rooms
  • Agreements posted as negotiations proceed. Review
    _at_ end.
  • Post-Negotiation Reflection
  • Each country prepares a website
  • What the outcomes of the Treaty means to their
    country

76

Learning Design Level B Level C
77
Learning Design Level B
  • Level B Properties
  • Local to the run of current LD instance
  • General Property - Unit of Learning as a whole
  • Person Property - each individual user
  • Role Property - all members of a role
  • Global persist across LD instance runs
  • General Property - Unit of Learning as a whole
  • Person Property - each individual user
  • Property Groups
  • Groups a set of Properties of the same type
  • May contain (sub) Property Groups

78
Learning Design Level B
  • Structure of a Property
  • Title
  • Datatype
  • Integer, real, boolean, date, file, duration,
    etc.
  • Value (runtime)
  • Equivalent structures are used in
  • IMS QTI results
  • IMS LIP (Learner Information Package)
    Activity.Outcomes
  • To be explored
  • how to integrate these in practice

79
Learning Design Level C
  • Notifications
  • Can be used to send messages
  • BUT also to set values at runtime
  • This gives a degree of dynamic control over the
    run of a learning design instance
  • But requires knowledge of a) the properties in
    the Unit of Learning b) the conditions that will
    act on them

80
Current Developments
Open Source Reference Implementations, mainly
focused on the RELOAD Project
81
Valkenburg RELOAD
  • Valkenburg Group formed March 2002
  • International membership focused on EML/LD
  • Aim to share development of
  • authoring systems
  • runtime systems
  • RELOAD Project in JISC X4L Program
  • Partners Bolton Institute Strathclyde Univ.
  • LD from Nov 03 to July 04. Maybe 1yr extension
  • Based on RELOAD editor/Colloquia P2P LMS
  • Now a complete IMS Content Packaging MD tool
  • SCORM 1.2 editor and runtime ADL integrating SS
  • July 04 Learning Design Level A
  • Next Phase Level B C enhance UI operation

82
Valkenburg RELOAD
  • RELOAD under MIT Open Source licence
  • To encourage all kinds of implementation
  • Open source reference implementation
  • Proposal develop LD within the Valkenburg Group
  • Others currently planning to implement LD
  • OUNL (existing EML implementations / LD engine)
  • University of Calgary
  • UC Berkeley
  • LionShare (large Mellon P2P Repository Project)
  • LAMS (an up running LD inspired editor and
    runtime player from WebMCQ in Australia)
  • Exploring form an Open Source partnership

83
Current Status of RELOAD
  • Completed
  • IMS, IEEE LOM and UK LOM Core editors
  • IMS Content Packaging editor and player
  • ADL SCORM 1.2 editor
  • ADL SCORM 1.2 player
  • Single user web server
  • Runs on Macs and Linux as well as PCs
  • To be included in Colloquia for disconnected
    learning
  • UKeU editor
  • Completed by Others
  • VDEX editor by Heriott-Watt University
  • Simple Sequencing/ SCORM 1.3 editor, first
    release at upcoming Plugfest by ADL

84
The Existing RELOAD Editor Architecture
Views
Controller/s
Controller mapped to DOM
Default View Generator
JDOM / JAXP wrapper
XML Schema DOM
Editor DOM Generator
Model
DOM (Xerces)
Castor
IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs
XML Schema
Persistent Store / Digital Repository
85
TELCERT Content Reengineering Tool Extensions
Tree Table UI
XML Internationalisation files
Further Spec UIs
Further Standards UIs
Enhanced Form View UI
App Profile UIs
Views
XML Configuration files
XML Configuration files
Plug-in Editor Interface
Additional, Enhanced XML Configuration files
Controller/s
Controller mapped to DOM
Default View Generator
JDOM / JAXP wrapper
XML Schema DOM
Model
Editor DOM Generator
DOM (Xerces)
Castor
IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs
XML Schema
Application Profile XML Schema
IMS VDEX Vocabulary Import
Persistent Store / Digital Repository
86
Multiple LD aspect editors
Activities
Environments
Role-Parts
Plays/Acts
Roles
Views
XML Configuration files
XML Configuration files
Plug-in Editor Interface
Additional, Enhanced XML Configuration files
Enhanced OUNL LD Data Validator
Controller/s
Controller mapped to DOM
Default View Generator
JDOM / JAXP wrapper
XML Schema DOM
Model
Editor DOM Generator
DOM (Xerces)
Castor
IMS CP/MD/SS/LD XML docs
XML Schema
Persistent Store / Digital Repository
87
possible LD Runtime Architecture
Colloquia 1
Co-ordination via P2P messaging
Personal LD engine
Colloquia 2
Colloquia 3
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Colloquia 4
Personal LD engine
88
proposed LD Runtime Architecture
Co-ordination via Central Service
Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service (JavaSpaces
)
Colloquia 2
Colloquia 1
Colloquia 4
Colloquia 3
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
89
reusable LD Runtime Architecture
Reusable in a Web Server-based system
Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service (JavaSpaces
)
Web Server / VLE
Session Servlet 2
Session Servlet 1
Session Servlet 4
Session Servlet 3
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
90
reusable LD Runtime Architecture
Scalable by adding servers for Cross-site
or Cross-institution Learning
Multi-player LD Co-ordination Service (JavaSpaces
)
Web Server / LMS 2
Web Server / LMS 1
Session Servlet 2
Session Servlet 1
Session Servlet 4
Session Servlet 3
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
Personal LD engine
91
UNFOLD Project
  • 2 year EC Framework 6 Support Project
  • Aim facilitate
  • Implementation
  • Effective use
  • Adoption
  • of Learning Design
  • Partners
  • University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona)
  • Bolton Institute/CETIS
  • OU NL

92
Communities of Practice
Connected Communities of Practice needed for Spec
Adoption
  • UNFOLD
  • Supporting
  • - Learning Providers
  • - Learning Designers
  • System Developers
  • Feedback to
  • - Spec Developers

Communities of Practice
Blue Skies Research and/or Development
Applied Research
Domain
Use of LT for Learning
Learning Research
Learning Providers
Formative Evaluation
Development of Content
Learning Designers
Formative Evaluation
Hypermedia Collaboration
Development of Systems
ICT Development
System Developers
Formative Evaluation
Enhancement of Standards
Standards Developers
Specification R D
Formative Evaluation
93
Contacts
  • IMS www.imsglobal.org/learningdesign/index.cfm
  • Valkenburg Group Colin.Tattersall_at_ou.nl
    (Coordinator)
  • RELOAD www.reload.ac.uk.
  • o.liber_at_bolton.ac.uk (Project Manager)
  • p.beauvoir_at_bolton.ac.uk (Senior Developer)
  • CETIS www.cetis.ac.uk b.olivier_at_bolton.ac.uk
    (Director)
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