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The individual and Society

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Learn the values and norms of society. Act or conform to these norms. ... Role of others. Reactions of others define or redefine the identity of the individual. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The individual and Society


1
The individual and Society
  • Are you created by your society?
  • Thinking sociologically involves seeing the
    relationship between the individual and society
    as two way.

2
Social Identity
  • Relationship with others
  • Label that places/categorize people in particular
    social categories.
  • Associating ourselves with the group we belong
    to.
  • Imbibe the customs and traditions from the
    society.
  • E.g. Nationality, ethnicity.

3
Social roles
  • Sociologists consider gender has important social
    dimensions.
  • Roles played by males and females differ.
  • Society describe the roles of the individual.
  • Others expect us to behave in a particular
    manner.

4
Personal identity
  • Characteristics that say something about you as a
    specific individual.
  • Think how your personal identity is developed in
    you?
  • Is that socially constructed???
  • E.g..

5
Socialisation
  • Socialisation refers to the process through which
    human beings learns to be a member of a
    particular society.
  • Learn the values and norms of society
  • Act or conform to these norms.
  • It is a life long process ( from cradle to grave)

6
Socialisation at different stages
  • Primary Socialisation by family
  • Secondary socialisation- by schools
  • Tertiary socialisation at adulthood at work
    place and in old age.

7
Self and identity
  • Self is the image of what a person is.
  • Social identity- social self
  • Personal identity- characteristics that is unique
    to the individual.
  • Distinction between Social identity and personal
    identity is one way of documenting social change
  • In pre modern societies social
    identity defined who they were throughout their
    lives, but in modern societies the opportunities
    are high and it is more important to focus on the
    personal identity.

8
Role of others
  • Reactions of others define or redefine the
    identity of the individual.
  • Sociologists are interested in identities
    suddenly redefined by others
  • Egcriminals,bankrupt,unemployed
  • People in this situations are confronted with
    managing a spoiled identity (E.Goffman)

9
Role of the individual
  • Socialisaton gives us skills to exert some
    control over who we are and how others see us.
  • People who transform their identities are
    increasing in society.
  • Erving Goffman- On stage and off stage
  • Identities are things we consciously
    manipulate ,or present, in given situations.
    People are like actors who act on the stage and
    off the stage there is less deliberate
    presentation of self.

10
Heredity and Environment
  • Heredity Vs
    Environment

11
Try to think how all Heredity and Environment
influence your identity!
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