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ELECTRONICS RECYCLING

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Scrap Equipment. Metals, Glass, Plastics. Materials. ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA ... Prices for materials & parts. Capacity. Other. CHALLENGES ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ELECTRONICS RECYCLING


1
ELECTRONICS RECYCLING
International Association of Electronics
Recyclers
Revised May 2003
2
CONTENTS
  • INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
  • General Perspectives
  • Highlights from the IAER Industry Report
  • Industry Survey
  • Industry Research
  • CHALLENGES
  • OBSERVATIONS

3
KEY DRIVERS
  • Increasing volumes
  • Expanding pervasiveness of electronics
  • Shorter lifespan of electronics technologies
  • Large inventory of obsolete electronics
  • Concerns
  • Landfill
  • Hazardous materials
  • Challenges
  • Logistics
  • Costs

4
ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - TYPES
  • Commercial
  • computers, office, financial
  • Industrial
  • Telecom, Manufacturing, Medical
  • Automotive
  • Defense Aerospace
  • Consumer
  • PCs, video, audio, wireless, personal, games

5
ELECTRONICS EQUIPMENT - CONTENT
  • REUSABLE
  • Units (e.g., PCs, Printers, Monitors)
  • Components (e.g., Drives, Memory, Processors)
  • RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
  • Metals (precious, base)
  • Glass (CRT)
  • Plastics

6
INDUSTRY SEGMENTS
  • Asset Management
  • inventory, disposition planning, resale
  • Broker
  • auction, resale, export
  • Re-Use for resale at product level
  • Resale/As-Is
  • Repair/Refurbish /Upgrade/enhance
  • De-Manufacturing
  • disassembly separation of parts and materials
  • Recovery of Parts Subassemblies
  • Test/Classify/Re-use/Sale
  • Materials Recovery Recycling (plastics, metals,
    glass)
  • separate, prepare for recycling
  • Materials Processing/Refining (glass, metal,
    plastics)
  • shred, grind, pelletize, refine

7
ELECTRONICS RECYCLING INDUSTRY PROCESS MODEL
  • SOURCES/GENERATORS
  • Field Returns
  • Surplus
  • Trade-Ins
  • Obsolete/EOL

OEMs USERS LEASCOs
TRIAGE
  • ELECTRONICS RECYCLING
  • INDUSTRY SEGMENTS/OPERATIONS
  • Asset Management
  • Broker
  • Re-Use
  • De-Manufacturing
  • Parts Recovery
  • Materials Recovery
  • Materials Processing

As-Is Repair Refurbish
RESALE
Scrap Equipment
Disassembly Recover Parts Separate Materials
RESALE
Materials
Shred, Grind, Separate Refine, Smelt, Melt,
Pelletize
Metals, Glass, Plastics
Primary Materials Processors
8
ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA
(data from IAER database)
Number of Recyclers
Not including OEMs NFPs
9
HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY
  • Electronics recycling companies in the USA over
    400
  • Employees over 7000
  • Annual Revenue over US 700 million
  • Annual Volumes processed
  • over 1.5 billion pounds (750K tons)
  • including more than 40 million units of computer
    equipment
  • electronics recycling process yielded
    approximately 900 million pounds of recyclable
    materials

10
ELECTRONICS PRODUCTS OWNED by AMERICAN CONSUMERS
(data from CEA 6)
11
LIFE SPANS OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS
(from EPA 5)
Years- range
12
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OUTLOOK
10
Cumulative Volume Billions of units
Electronics scrapped by consumers
2
Electronics products owned by consumers
2010
2003
13
COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OUTLOOK
2.0
Cumulative Volume Billions of units
1.5
Computer products scrapped
1.0
0.5
Computer products installed
2010
2003
14
ITEMS COLLECTED in MUNICIPAL PROGRAMS
(data from EPA 11)
by number of items
15
Material Composition of Consumer Electronics in
Municipal Waste Stream
(data from EPA 5)
by weight
16
COST ELEMENTS of RECYCLING
(data from Minnesota 12)
of total costs
17
HIGHLIGHTS from IAER RESEARCH Outlook to 2010
  • Consumer electronics
  • About 3 billion units will be scrapped
  • or an average of about 400 million units/year
  • Computer Equipment (from all sectors)
  • about one billion units will become potential
    scrap
  • or an average of more than 100 million units/year
  • Electronics Recycling Industry
  • to grow its capacity by a factor of 4 or 5

18
CHALLENGES facing YOUR electronics recycling
operations (from IAER Industry Survey)
  • Cost of operations
  • Markets for outputs
  • Sources of equipment
  • Prices for materials parts
  • Capacity
  • Other

19
CHALLENGES facing the electronics recycling
INDUSTRY (from IAER Industry Survey)
  • Legislation/regulations
  • Consumer/residential electronics
  • Plastics recycling
  • Logistics/transportation
  • Product take-back programs
  • Recycling technology
  • Other

20
OBSERVATIONS
  • Electronics Recycling Industry has been driven by
    commercial sector
  • Consumer electronics have not been a factor in
    the market due to costs, value logistics
  • Computer equipment comprises most of volumes
    currently recycled
  • Electronics recycling costs money - but also
    recovers value in products, parts materials
  • Industry still emerging - fragmented, small Cos,
    limited process technology capital

21
IAER
Web Site - http//www.iaer.org Email -
Info_at_iaer.org
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