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QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATION IN NORWAY Berit Smestad Paulsen, Met

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Title: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATION IN NORWAY Berit Smestad Paulsen, Met


1
QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION OF
PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATION IN NORWAY Berit
Smestad Paulsen, Mette Sollihagen Hauge and Karen
Marie Ulshagen School of Pharmacy University of
Oslo Norway
2
The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in
Education (NOKUT)
  • The purpose of NOKUT is to oversee the quality of
    Norwegian higher education by means of
    evaluation, accreditation and approval of quality
    systems, institutions and course programmes.
  • These tasks should be performed in such a way
    that the institutions can use the results to
    develop their own quality system.

3
NOKUT and tasks related to foreign education
  • NOKUT also has the role of checking the quality
    of foreign education and informing about latest
    developments.
  • Applications from individuals for general
    recognition of their foreign higher education
    qualifications are processed by NOKUT.

4
NOKUTs tasks are as follows
  • Evaluation of quality systems set up by
    institutions according to the requirements of the
    Ministry of Education in its regulations and
    supplementary criteria stipulated by NOKUT
    itself.
  • Accreditation of institutions such as accredited
    state university colleges, specialized university
    colleges and universities.
  • Accreditations to be based on standards decided
    by the Ministry of Education in its regulations
    and supplementary critieria stipulated by NOKUT.

5
Tasks continued
  • Accreditation of course programmes at accredited
    institutions, which these institutions cannot
    carry out themselves, is to be done by NOKUT
    according to standards and criteria set out in
    NOKUTs regulations.
  • Recognition of examinations and degrees under the
    Act governing private university colleges.
  • Revision of earlier accreditations.
  • Evaluations to assess quality in higher education
    through the initiative of NOKUT itself or by
    order of the Ministry.

6
Institutional accreditation
  • Norway has three main categories of institutions
    accredited for higher education a) college, b)
    specialised university, and c) university.
  • An institution which is not accredited in any of
    these three categories has to apply to NOKUT each
    time the institution chooses to establish new
    courses or makes substantial changes in their
    existing courses of higher education.
  • A university can establish all new courses in all
    fields without having to apply for accreditation
    from NOKUT.

7
Consequences of the latter
  • All 3 universities use the EU-directive when
    preparing the curriculum they want to have.
  • Result in Galenics
  • 20 credits one university (less than in the
    B.pharm. curriculum), no advanced study available
  • 40 study points another university, advances
    studies available

8
Evaluation criteria, course curriculum
  • The study programme must include objectives,
    academic content, organization and teaching and
    assessment methods.
  • There must be admission rules specifying
    procedures for ranking of qualified applicants
  • The objectives of the course must be described.
  • The course content, level and special
    characteristics shall be in compliance with the
    objectives of the course and with the admission
    criteria.

9
Evaluation criteria cont.
  • The study programme must show what specific
    disciplines, subdisciplines and groups of
    subdisciplinary options a course may consist of.
  • The study programme must describe the essential
    features of the course.
  • There must be a clear progression

10
Evaluation criteria cont.
  • Teaching and working methods must be described.
  • The course must provide knowledge and experience
    of applying scientific methodology, and be
    capable of developing understanding, reflection
    and maturity.
  • Assessment arrangements must be relevant in
    relation to the objectives of the course and
    working methods.

11
Evaluation criteria, infrastructure
  • Suitable premises
  • IT and library facilities
  • Special lab facilities
  • International collaboration
  • Internal quality assurance system

12
Competence of the staff
  • Teaching staff and examiners with sufficient
    competence
  • Size of staff, permanent staff within the areas
    of teaching
  • All academics must have a Ph.D., and of these 25
    be full professors
  • Correspondence between the competence of the
    academic staff, the research and development
    activities in the acedemic areas covered by the
    curriculum

13
Quality assurance system at the University of Oslo
  • This system is based on the NOKUT requirements
  • Course level
  • Exam papers, external examinors information,
    pedagogic qualifications, curriculum
  • Documented results
  • Satisfaction of the students
  • Satisfaction of candidates
  • Employers satisfaction
  • Data on throughput
  • Evaluation of the mark distribution

14
Authorisation as a PHARMACIST, according to the
Health Personnel act given by The Norwegian
Registration Authority for Health Personnel
(SAFH)
  • The professional title is protected. Persons
    lacking authorisation or licence may not lay
    claim to the title or any title which may give
    the impression that the person in question is an
    authorised practitioner.

15
Authorisation for educations obtained outside
EU/EEC
  • The total education is evaluated as equivalent to
    the B.pharm.
  • If the education appears to be sufficient for
    authorisation, such is granted, but normally
    Norwegian rules and regulation plus exams in
    practical pharmacy is required

16
Academic evaluation
  • If the candidate want to be evaluated for having
    a degree equivalent to the Norwegian M.pharm.,
    the papers are scrutinized at School of Pharmacy
    in Oslo, who will decide whether exams in certain
    subjects has to be taken.

17
Authorisation as PHARMACIST
  • Present Norwegian regulations
  • B.pharm., 3 years education given at 2 University
    Colleges in Norway
  • M.pharm., 5 years education given at 3
    Universities in Norway
  • Consequences
  • In certain cases there have been a mix up of the
    two categories having very different
    qualifications

18
Thanks for your attention!
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