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Pasture Management II

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Mud increases the risk of foot and skin problems, and parasites ingestion ... Attachments: front end loader, mower, harrow, spreaders, snow plow, hay spear ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pasture Management II


1
Pasture Management II
Mid-Atlantic Equine Pasture Initiative
Dr. Amy Burk University of Maryland
2
Mow Frequently
  • Maintains uniform grass stands
  • Prevents weeds from going to seed/spreading
  • After horses graze pasture 3 inches
  • Remove them to rest pasture
  • Mow grass at ? 3 inches

3
Drag Pastures
4
Irrigation
5
Renovate or Start Over?
  • Continue Management
  • 75 or more desirable plants left
  • Improve Management/Renovate
  • 40-75 desirable plants left
  • Reestablish/Start Over
  • Less than 40 desirable plants left

6
Continue Management
Which option would you choose?
7
Improve Management
Which option would you choose?
8
Renovate Pasture
Which option would you choose?
9
Reestablish Pasture
Which option would you choose?
10
Pasture Establishment
11
Successful Seedling Establishment Depends On
  • Adequate lime and fertilizer
  • Proper seedbed preparation
  • Proper timing
  • Quality seed/Species Selection
  • Proper seeding practices
  • Controlling competition

12
Herbicides
13
Firm Seedbed with Excellent Seed to Soil Contact
14
Seed at Proper Time
  • Early spring seedings
  • March 15 April 15
  • Early spring is best for overseeding/frost
    seedings
  • Late summer seedings
  • August 15 Sept. 15
  • Late summer preferred time for complete
    renovations

15
Pasture Tillage
  • Best to seed pastures with a no-till drill
  • Drill cuts soil and places seed directly in soil
  • Provides best seed-to-soil contact
  • Does not disturb soil
  • Reduces risk or eliminates soil erosion

16
Seeding a New Pasture
17
Pasture Renovation
18
Grazing Management
19
Grazing Behavior
20
Grazing Behavior
21
Selective Grazers/Defecators
22
Continuous Grazing
23
Rotational Grazing
  • Rotating horses through smaller pasture
    enclosures when weather and growth good
  • Utilizing sacrifice area to avoid wear and tear
    of pastures
  • Inclement weather rain, snow, drought
  • Poor growth plant heights lt 3 inches
  • Recommended density gt 1 acre/horse

24
What is a Sacrifice Area?
  • Area 300 ft2/horse
  • Well drained
  • All weather footing
  • Horses allowed free access to shelter, water, and
    hay

25
When do I use a Sacrifice Area?
  • Pastures overgrazed
  • Pastures too wet
  • Pastures being renovated
  • Fertilization
  • Lime
  • Herbicide application
  • Drought conditions

26
Rotational Grazing
   Shelter    Water    Gate   
Sacrifice lot    Pasture
27
Rotational Grazing Example
28
Equine Rotational Grazing Demonstration Site
29
Equine Rotational Grazing Demonstration Site
30
Mud Management
31
Mud Management
  • Heavy use areas gates, waterers, run-ins
  • Mud increases the risk of foot and skin problems,
    and parasites ingestion
  • Identify and fix drainage problems
  • Grade surfaces
  • Install gutters
  • Construct heavy use pads

32
Mud Management
33
Heavy Use Pad Installation
Excavated soil
Installed layers
34
Heavy Use Pad Installation
Laneway and Sacrifice Lot Heavy Use Pad
35
Heavy Use Pad Example
36
Equipment
  • Tractor/Skid Loader
  • Attachments front end loader, mower, harrow,
    spreaders, snow plow, hay spear
  • All-terrain 4-wheel drive vehicle
  • Utility Trailer
  • Fence Equipment post-hole digger, post pounder
    (t-posts), hand tools

37
Conclusions
  • Pasture good source of nutrition and exercise
  • Make pasture system decisions that work best for
    you and your operation
  • Optimize use of pasture for nutrition by using
    best management practices
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