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BASIC METHODS IN ARCHAEOLOGY

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A set of methods and procedures for investigating the past that reflect both the ... Handout from Stern (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BASIC METHODS IN ARCHAEOLOGY


1
BASIC METHODS IN ARCHAEOLOGY
  • HOW WE LEARN ABOUT THE PAST

2
  • ARCHAEOLOGY
  • In its broadest sense archaeology is the study
    of the human past, particularly as it is revealed
    through material remains
  • A set of methods and procedures for
    investigating the past that reflect both the data
    that are available and the academic training and
    theoretical orientation of archaeologists.

3
  • Archaeology and Anthropology
  • - In American universities, archaeology is a
    subdiscipline of Anthropology, a field that seeks
    to study humans in their various aspects
    physical, cultural, social, linguistic, and
    historical
  • Archaeology differs from most Anthropology in
    that it deals with dead people and with cultures
    in which individuals are seldom perceived
  • it differs in that archaeologists study peoples
    works their artifacts and places of activity
    rather than the people themselves.

4
- Though Archaeology can never hope to be all
that Anthropology is, it can make important
contributions to both Anthropology and History by
adding a time dimension that cannot be studied
with living people.
5
Various Steps of the Archaeological Process -
preliminary research - problem-oriented -
surveying and mapping aerial photographs -
digging horizontal and vertical exposure -
recording photographs top plans drawings -
removing the cleaning of objects - the
cataloging, preservation, and dating of artifacts
with stratigraphy, Carbon 14 etc. - project
database - laboratory work on the artifacts
comparisons - publication of the findings.
6
  • The primary job of the archaeologist is not to
    provide us with beautiful relics, but to
    excavate, restore, and interpret pieces of the
    past
  • A cycle of preliminary research, excavation,
    fact-finding, interpretation, and publication of
    findings to be shared with others.

7
Archaeological Periods and Dates for the
Near/Middle East
  • Handout from Stern (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of
    Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land
    (2001).
  • See also A. Mazar, Archaeology of the Land of the
    Bible, Contents, pp. v-x.
  • The Conventional Chronology (see Textbook, p.
    122) and Mazars The Modified Conventional
    Chronology, p. 122.
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