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Renaissance in the North

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Renaissance in the North. Humanism. Renaissance spread from Italy to the North ... Northerners combined new Italian ideas with native arts. Politics spread the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance in the North


1
Renaissance in the North
2
Humanism
  • Renaissance spread from Italy to the North into
    the Netherlands and Germany and into England
  • Northerners combined new Italian ideas with
    native arts
  • Politics spread the culture. Kings hired Italian
    artists. Francis I in France and Hapsburgs in
    Germany and Spain. Tudors in England, especially
    Elizabeth I.

3
Reformation
  • Martin Luther, a Catholic priest 1517 posted 95
    theses on the door of the Church in Wittenberg.
  • Theses attacked indulgences
  • Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther
  • Luthers principles began to be applied
    throughout Germany, starting the Protestant
    Reformation
  • People wanted a Christianity free from control of
    the Pope
  • Reformers called Anabaptists (re-baptized)
  • Calvin, Henry VIII followed closely behind Luther

4
Causes of Reformation
  • Economic and nationalistic self-interest
    freedom from Italian rule
  • Pleas for change had been coming for centuries
    Erasmus, Thomas More
  • Scandal and corruption within the Church
  • Yearning for a better understanding of the Bible,
    not based on theology, but on close reading of
    the text.
  • Theologians became far-removed from everyday
    people with their highly academic arguments.

5
Cultural Significance of the Reformation
  • Emphasis on the individual
  • Protestant work ethic creates move toward
    capitalism, especially among Calvinists
  • Vernacular translations of the Bible allowed
    widespread publication

6
Growth of Science
  • Earlier scientists were like Leonardo da Vinci,
    tinkerers in many fields
  • Now, emphasis on mathematics and philosophy
  • Scientific developments
  • Magnetic north pole navigation
  • Circulation of the blood
  • Logarithm tool developed to calculate long
    problems
  • Empirical approach to medicine
  • Copernicus challenges Earth-centered universe

7
Visual Arts - Germany
  • New technical advancements in linear perspective
  • Durer
  • Artist as inspired genius, not craftsman,
  • Grunewald
  • Passionate intensity of emotion, especially in

8
Durer Melancolia
9
DURER THE FALL VAN EYCK ARNOLFINI WEDDING
10
Grunewald Crucifix
11
Painting - Netherlands
  • Bosch
  • Belief that pleasures of the body lead to
    damnation
  • Medieval in theme, but surrealist in execution

12
BOSCH GARDEN OF EARTHLY DELIGHTS
13
Bosch
14
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