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Chapter Eight, Lecture One

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Mostly reducible to some aspect of fertility. Greek myth told by and for Greek males ... Aphrodite gives his statue (Galatea?) life ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Eight, Lecture One


1
Chapter Eight, Lecture One
  • Female Olympians

2
The Female Olympians
  • Mostly reducible to some aspect of fertility
  • Greek myth told by and for Greek males
  • With the exception of Aphrodite and Athena, they
    never do very much

3
Demeter
  • Wheat mother?
  • Connection with foundation myth of the Eleusinian
    Mysteries

4
Hestia
  • Goddess of the house
  • Few stories (shes inside all the time)
  • No love affairs
  • Had suitors briefly Apollo and Poseidon
  • Given honor instead of marriage

5
Aphrodite
6
Aphrodite
  • Goddess of sexuality
  • Her lineage
  • As Aphrodite
  • Zeus and Dione
  • Connections with Eastern deities
  • Istarte, Ishtar, Inanna

7
Aphrodite
  • One of her epithets is Cytherea
  • Where she came ashore as the foam goddess.
  • The story of Pygmalion, king of Cyprus King of
    Cyprus
  • Disgusted by the profligate women of Cyprus
  • Aphrodite gives his statue (Galatea?) life
  • Their son is Paphos, name for a city sacred to
    Aphrodite

8
Cinyras and Myrrha
9
Aphrodite
  • Cinyrass wife boasts that Myrrha is more
    beautiful than Aphrodite herself.
  • Aphrodite inflicts Myrrha with a passion for her
    father, Cinyras.
  • Cinyras lured into sex with her
  • Chases her until she turns into the myrrh tree

10
Aphrodite
  • Her tears are myrrh resin, burned on Aphrodites
    altar an etiological myth
  • From the myrrh tree, Adonis is born
  • Semitic name lord, cf. Adonai, another name
    for YHWH in the Old Testament

11
Aphrodite
  • Children by various male deities or associated
    powers

12
Aphrodite
  • Eros
  • Original being or son of Aphrodite and Ares,
    Hermes, or Zeus
  • Not originally the Roman cupid, but ideal male
    beauty

13
Aphrodite
  • Priapus
  • Aphrodite and Dionysus or Hermes
  • Asian garden deity
  • priapism

14
Aphrodite
  • Anchises
  • Prince of Troy
  • Aphrodite punished by Zeus
  • Made to fall in love with a mortal man
  • Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite
  • His reward will be to have a famous son, Aeneas

15
Aphrodite
  • But he reveals the secret that Aphrodite is
    Aeneass mother and Zeus strikes him with a
    thunderbolt
  • After that, he is lame
  • Aeneas goes on to become the legendary founder of
    the Roman people after his escape from Troy.

16
Next Lecture
  • Artemis
  • Athena
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