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The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B'C'

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Study of historic or prehistoric peoples. and their cultures by ... One of the major changes is reflected in this frieze on a wall in Mesopotamia (today Iraq) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B'C'


1
The Peopling of the WorldPrehistory 2500 B.C.
  • Chapter 1

2
What do you see in this picture?
3
Anthropologist vs. Archeolog
ist
Study of other cultures.
Study of historic or prehistoric peoples and
their cultures by analysis of their artifacts.
4
Stone Age
  • Split into two parts
  • 1) Paleolithic Age 2.5 million to 8000 B.C.
  • 2) Neolithic Age 8000 B.C. 3000 B.C.

5
Where were early humans from?
6
(No Transcript)
7
  •    

Neandertal      modern Homo sapiens
8
How did those early people survive?
  • Nomads were hunter-gathers

9
Role of Women vs. Men
  • Gathered fruits, berries, roots and grasses.
  • Took care of children.
  • Hunted

10
Neolithic Revolution
  • Also called Agricultural Revolution
  • Shift from food-gathering to food-producing.

11
What caused Agricultural Revolution?
  • 1) Change in climate.
  • 2) Supply of grain.
  • 3) Pressure to support growing population.

12
Where Agricultural Revolution took place
13
Eastern North America
China
Fertile Crescent
Nile valley
West Africa
Mesoamerica
New Guinea
Ethiopia
Andes
Amazonia
Between about 12,000 and 1,000 BCE,
farming appeared INDEPENDENTLY in a number of
places, possibly in all of the places marked in
red on the map.
14
One of the major changes is reflected in this
frieze on a wall in Mesopotamia (today Iraq)
which reflects the DOMESTICATION of
15
What does all this mean?
  • People started farming.
  • People no longer on the move.
  • More food led to population growth.
  • Led to start of civilizations.

16
SURPLUS FOOD PRODUCTION means that not
everyone has to grow food or tend animals. They
can take on other tasks. They can specialize in
some non-farming task.
17
Domestication of Plants and Animals
Farming
Population Intensification
Surplus Food
Specialization
Complex Society, also known as CIVILIZATION
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