Natural Law - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Natural Law PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 10063d-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Natural Law

Description:

morality is grounded in the human capacity for reasoning / intelligence ... were introduced in the Italian legislature in the wake of a papal encyclical, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:129
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: bapp
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Natural Law


1
Natural Law
  • Rels 300 / Nurs 330
  • 17 sep 2008

2
NATURAL LAW THEORY
  • 2 main components or elements
  • rationality
  • teleology
  • RATIONALITY
  • human persons are rational creatures
  • morality is grounded in the human capacity for
    reasoning / intelligence
  • humans are free and autonomous
  • i.e. Make own choices carry them out

3
Natural Law (contd)
  • TELEOLOGY
  • Natural law is embedded in the nature of the
    universe
  • Everything in the universe has its own natural
    purpose or end
  • discovered, not created, by people
  • e.g. Thomas Aquinas
  • God created universe and persons
  • Gods purposes are inscribed in nature
  • Gods moral law rooted in creation

4
TELEOLOGY
  • telos end
  • in the sense of purpose or goal of the natural
    order
  • e.g. the purpose or goal of sexual intercourse is
    to fertilize an egg leading to conception,
    implantation, gestation and birth
  • using contraceptives frustrates the natural telos
    or goal of the sexual act
  • ? contraception is immoral

5
Natural Law (contd)
  • Aristotle
  • the moral law exists as part of the natural order
    of the world
  • feelings and opinions morally irrelevant
  • moral law is embedded in the structure of
    rational thought
  • universal and binding on all people

6
Principle of totality
  • Health care intervention such as surgery
  • Surgery involves harm
  • Unnecessary surgery should not be done
  • Surgery must serve the overall good of the body,
    i.e. the totality of the person

7
Principle of Double Effect
  • If an action has 2 effects an intended good
    effect and an unintended bad effect the action
    may be taken IF
  • The intended good effect is equal to or greater
    than the unintended bad effect AND
  • The bad effect is not the means of producing the
    good effect

8
Example of Double Effect
  • Increasingly large doses of morphine
  • Intended good effect pain relief to suffering
    patients
  • Unintended bad effect depression of breathing
    and potential shortening of life
  • Hastening death is not an intended effect
    relieving pain is the intended effect
  • Hastening death is not the MEANS by which pain is
    relieved

9
Catholic Moral Theology
  • Many sources, all taken in balance
  • Natural law is rooted in Gods creation of
    everything
  • Every creature has goals or purposes that are
    ordained by God
  • Gods law is eternal and unchanging
  • All human persons are capable of discerning Gods
    natural law

10
Catholic Moral Theology
  • Gods natural law is revealed through
  • Holy Scriptures
  • Interpretation of Scripture by the Church
  • Historical tradition of the Church itself
  • Teachings of the Church formulated to guide the
    actions of its members
  • Conscience of the faithful is formed by knowing
    and following this revelation

11
Analyze this case using natural law using
Catholic moral theology
  • In 1994, Rosanna Della Corte, a 62-year-old
    Italian woman, gave birth to a healthy son,
    Riccardo. Her egg was artificially inseminated
    by the sperm of her 63-year-old husband, Mauro,
    at Dr. Severino Antinoris fertility clinic in
    Rome, Italy. Rosanna Della Corte had earlier
    lost her only son at 17 in a terrible car
    accident. She had often tried to adopt another
    son, but in vain.
  • These were the reasons she turned to the
    procedure.
  • In reaction, restrictions were introduced in the
    Italian legislature in the wake of a papal
    encyclical, Evangelium Vitae, condemning in vitro
    fertilization and many other high-tech fertility
    procedures.

12
Summary
  • You should be sure that you understand these
    terms
  • Natural law
  • Rationality
  • Teleology
  • Catholic Moral Theology
  • What are the 4 sources of divine command in
    Catholic tradition?
  • Why are all of these regarded as part of
    universalism rather than relativism?
  • Define Principle of Totality and Principle of
    Double Effect

13
Practise Case Study
  • Mary Jodie, conjoined twins
About PowerShow.com