Everything you must know about cardiothoracic surgery — Dr. Ranjit Jagtap - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Everything you must know about cardiothoracic surgery — Dr. Ranjit Jagtap

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Cardiothoracic surgery is a major operation that surgery can lead to various complications, including bleeding, infection, arrhythmia, pneumonia, stroke, and kidney failure. Bleeding can cause low blood pressure, shock, anaemia, or stroke. While infection can cause fever, pain, swelling, redness, pus, or wound breakdown. Arrhythmia affects the heart rhythm and as per Dr. Ranjit jagtap clinic some possible recourse available are medication, electrical shock, or pacemaker implantation which can relieve symptoms. Pneumonia affects the lungs and may require antibiotics, oxygen therapy, or mechanical ventilation. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Everything you must know about cardiothoracic surgery — Dr. Ranjit Jagtap


1
Everything you must know about cardiothoracic
surgery
Dr. Ranjit Jagtap
CURTIN HEALTHCARE SERVICES
2
About
Cardiothoracic surgery is derived from two words
cardio, meaning heart, and thoracic, meaning
chest. It encompasses two main subspecialties
cardiac surgery, which focuses on the heart and
the blood vessels connected to it, and thoracic
surgery, which focuses on the lungs, the
oesophagus, and other structures in the chest
cavity. Cardiothoracic surgerys importance lies
in its ability to treat life-threatening or
debilitating diseases such as coronary artery
disease, heart valve disease, heart failure,
chest trauma, etc. Cardiothoracic surgery can
also improve the quality of life and survival of
patients who need organ transplants, such as
heart or lung transplants. In this comprehensive
guide, we will cover some of the most important
aspects of cardiothoracic surgery, such as the
types of procedures, the preoperative and
postoperative care, the recovery process, the
potential complications, and the outlook for
patients.
3
Types of cardiothoracic surgery
There are many different types of cardiothoracic
surgery, depending on the organ involved, the
disease being treated, and the technique used.
Dr. Ranjit Jagtap tells us about some of the
most prevalent types are Open-heart surgery
This is a type of cardiac surgery that involves
opening the chest wall and operating on the
heart while it is stopped and connected to a
heart-lung machine. This machine takes over the
function of pumping blood and oxygenating it
while the surgeon repairs or replaces parts of
the heart, such as the valves, the arteries, or
the chambers. Open-heart surgery is used to treat
conditions such as coronary artery disease,
heart valve disease, congenital heart defects, or
aneurysms. Minimally invasive heart surgery
Minimally invasive heart surgery involves small
incisions in the chest wall, inserted thin
instruments, and a camera to operate on the
heart without stopping it. It can perform valve
repair, bypass grafting, or ablation of abnormal
heart rhythms. It offers advantages over
open-heart surgery, such as less pain, bleeding,
infection risk, and recovery time. However, it
may not be suitable for everyone and may have
limitations or complications depending on the
case.
4
Possible Complications During Surgery
Cardiothoracic surgery is a major operation that
surgery can lead to various complications,
including bleeding, infection, arrhythmia,
pneumonia, stroke, and kidney failure. Bleeding
can cause low blood pressure, shock, anaemia, or
stroke. While infection can cause fever, pain,
swelling, redness, pus, or wound breakdown.
Arrhythmia affects the heart rhythm and as per
Dr. Ranjit jagtap News some possible recourse
available are medication, electrical shock, or
pacemaker implantation which can relieve
symptoms. Pneumonia affects the lungs and may
require antibiotics, oxygen therapy, or
mechanical ventilation. Stroke affects the brain
and can cause weakness, numbness, paralysis,
speech problems, vision problems, or cognitive
impairment. The risk and severity of
complications depend on factors like the type
and duration of surgery, patients age and
health status, the surgeons skill, and the
quality of care before and after surgery.
5
POSTOPERATIVE CARE CARE THAT IS NEEDED AFTER
CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY
  • After cardiothoracic surgery, patients need to
    receive adequate care and support to ensure a
    smooth and safe recovery. Some of the aspects of
    postoperative care options suggested by Dr.
    Ranjit Jagtap News include
  • Pain management Cardiothoracic surgery often
    causes pain, which can be managed with
    medication like opioids or NSAIDs.
  • Non-pharmacological methods like ice packs, heat
    pads, massage, relaxation techniques, or
    distraction can also help reduce pain. Patients
    should report their pain level to healthcare
    providers and follow instructions for safe
    medication use.
  • Wound care Wound care is crucial for preventing
    infection and promoting healing in surgical
    sites. It involves maintaining
  • cleanliness, changing dressings, inspecting for
    signs of infection, and avoiding scratching or
    touching. Patients should follow their surgeons
    advice on wound care and removal of sutures or
    staples.

6
POSTOPERATIVE CARE CARE THAT IS NEEDED AFTER
CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY
Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is crucial for
recovery after cardiothoracic surgery, restoring
heart, lungs, and other affected organs and
muscles. It may involve physical, respiratory,
cardiac, occupational, or speech
therapy. Patients should follow their
rehabilitation plan and goals, participating in
suitable exercises and activities for their
condition and progress. Recovery The recovery
process after cardiothoracic surgery varies
depending on the procedure, patient health, and
complications. Patients may stay in the hospital
for a few days to weeks and may require support
devices like breathing tubes, chest tubes,
urinary catheters, or IV lines. At home, recovery
may take weeks to months. Patients should follow
discharge instructions, visit surgeons and
primary care providers regularly, monitor vital
signs, and report any abnormal symptoms to
healthcare providers.
7
Post Surgery Practices
Post-surgery recovery can be challenging, but Dr.
Ranjit jagtap daughter, Aditi Jagtap Pune offers
some essential post-surgery care tips to help you
bounce back stronger. By following these tips
you can ensure a smooth healing process and take
care of your health post-surgery
Eating Healthy Patients should eat a balanced
and nutritious diet that is low in salt, fat,
cholesterol, and sugar, and high in protein,
fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Patients should
also drink plenty of fluids, such as water,
juice, or milk, to stay hydrated and prevent
constipation. Patients should avoid alcohol,
caffeine, or tobacco, as they can interfere with
healing and cause complications.
Proper Rest Patients should get adequate sleep
and rest to aid in body recovery and healing.
Sleep on the back or side with an elevated head,
avoid sleeping on the stomach or chest, and avoid
napping during the day to not disrupt sleep
cycle at night.
Light Physical Activity Patients should start
walking and moving as soon as possible after the
surgery to improve their blood circulation, lung
function, muscle tone, and mood. Patients should
walk slowly and gradually increase their
distance and speed as they feel comfortable.
Patients should avoid lifting heavy objects,
pushing or pulling anything, or reaching above
their head for at least six weeks after the
surgery. Patients should also avoid driving until
they are cleared by their surgeon.
8
Path to a Healthy Body
  • Cardiothoracic surgery is a complex and
    challenging specialty that takes a lot of
    dedication and hard work but it is a blessing
    that can treat many life-threatening or
    debilitating diseases that affect the heart,
    lungs, or esophagus. Cardiothoracic surgery
    involves various types of procedures, such as
    open-heart surgery, minimally invasive heart
    surgery, and thoracic surgery. Cardiothoracic
    surgery requires careful preparation, execution,
    and follow-up to ensure a successful outcome and
    to prevent or manage complications.
    Cardiothoracic surgery can improve the survival
    rate and quality of life of many patients, but it
    may also pose some challenges or limitations for
    some patients. By understanding the different
    types of procedures, preoperative and
    postoperative care, and recovery process, people
    can gain valuable insights into this field of
    surgery.
  • _ Dr Ranjit jagtap News

9
Thank you
Phone Number 020 67441600
Email Address info_at_rammangalhf.com
Website www.rammangalhf.com/about-us
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