Test Automation Vs. RPA Top 7 Differences That Set Them Apart (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Test Automation Vs. RPA Top 7 Differences That Set Them Apart (1)


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Title: Test Automation Vs. RPA Top 7 Differences That Set Them Apart (1)

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Test Automation Vs. RPA Top 7 Differences That
Set Them Apart
  • In the world of software developing and testing,
    RPA or Robotic Process Automation and test
    automation are familiar terms. As similar as the
    names sound, the two are different concepts. That
    brings us to what RPA and test automation is.
    What are the differences, and which one is better?
  • RPA is a business automation tool used by
    business users and testers. It is used for
    regression testing as well as for test data. It
    provides codeless automation macros on the
    desktop. This makes RPA a better choice than
    other web and API testing tools.

  • Test automation, on the other hand, is carried
    out through different automation tools. It is
    ideal to use test automation in projects that
    have already gone through manual testing. It is
    also well suited for large projects which require
    repeated testing.
  • While those were some surface-level differences,
    there are more ways in which these two testing
    practices are not alike. Before we get down to
    those, lets quickly go through the benefits of

Why Should One Opt for Robotic Process Automation?
  • It is ideal to apply RPA to tasks that are
    repetitive and require following a specific set
    of rules. It can be used in tasks like product
    management, migration, accounting etc. Here are
    some of the benefits of using RPA

? Higher accuracy and lower chance of
errors. ? Lower human intervention, hence
higher productivity ? Automation results in
reduced costs ? Better time
management with time allotted to high-value job
Why Should One Opt for Test Automation?
  • Instead of having to test every software
    manually, automating testing can reduce manual
    effort, time spent on repetitive tasks, and cost.
    It is done through testing tools that suit the
    task at hand.

? Faster deployment of products ? Higher
accuracy than manual testing ? High test
coverage ? Lower time spent on repetitive
tasks and more time allotted to high-value tasks.
  • Robotic Process Automation and Test Automation
    both work to the same ends, i.e, testing, cutting
    costs and increasing productivity. While they
    share vague similarities, there are larger
    differences that set them apart. Each has its
    specialities and expertise required.
  • Let us now look at some of the differences
    between Robotic process automation and test

1. What is it used for?
  • The use of Robotic Process Automation is to
    automate a business process. However, the use of
    test automation is to test and evaluate software
    behaviour. While both automate repetitive
    processes, RPA does it to execute a task
    effectively and efficiently. Test automation
    repeatedly tests to evaluate, and find bugs. This
    helps developers make the necessary changes and
    release a product without any glitches.

2. Environment of execution
  • Testing automation and RPAs are carried out in
    different environments. Test automation is done
    during the development and testing stage of a
    product. It is done before the release of a
  • Robotic process automation is done in a completed
    product. It is carried out in the operations
    stage of a product. RPA is done on the product to
    increase efficiency and productivity.

3. Area of focus and strategy
  • Test automation is usually focused on the
    front-end. It usually tests aspects that are used
    by clients/users and hence they are focused more
    on the functionality of the product/software/appli
    cation. These are hence more valued in terms of
    business and have a higher risk associated with
  • RPA, on the other hand, is carried out on the
    back-end process. These are done to improve the
    efficiency and productivity of certain processes.
    They are relatively low-value compared to test
    automation, however, it is done with utmost care
    to nullify errors.

4. Scope of application
  • There is a major difference between test
    automation and robotic process automation in the
    area of its application. RPA can be conducted on
    a business process as well as products.
  • However, Test automation works only on an
    application, software or product and its features.

5. Lifecycle
  • Test automation is part of the maintenance
    lifecycle of software. They are part of the
    development process. Their lifecycle is dependent
    on the tests carried out previously, and the
    decisions taken related to software. Test
    automation might have to be updated multiple
    times before the actual product is released.
  • However, the lifecycle of RPA is independent of
    the software. It is more dependent on the
    business and its course of decisions.

6. Technical Skills
  • The technical skill involved in carrying out
    these tests also vary. In test automation, there
    is a higher level of skill involved. The QA or
    developer would need advanced programming skills
    to carry out test automation.
  • RPA is designed to be used by business people. It
    does not require technical skills related to

7. Roles involved
  • Test automation is conducted by developers. They
    examine the pre-release product to carry out
    tests in relevant areas. QA teams are also
    deployed to conduct tests on products.
  • RPA is conducted by business people. Although
    they are created by developers, it is meant to be
    operated by the client in business.

Summing Up
  • RPA and Test automation are two entirely
    different processes with different applications.
    While they may have similarities in that they
    both use automation and improve efficiency, the
    similarities usually stop there. The major
    differences have been discussed above. Each of
    these requires entirely different skills and
  • Whether you are looking to implement robotic
    process automation or test automation, you should
    hire an experienced automation solutions provider
    like Calidad. Our team of experienced automation
    engineers use world-class testing tools to
    rapidly meet the testing and automation needs of
    your project. Reach out to us today for a custom
    quote today!

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