What to Expect from a Partial Knee Replacement Surgery? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What to Expect from a Partial Knee Replacement Surgery?

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Partial knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which the damaged portion of the knee joint is replaced with an artificial prosthesis. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What to Expect from a Partial Knee Replacement Surgery?


1
What to Expect from a Partial Knee Replacement
Surgery?
2
  • A partial knee replacement surgery is a surgical
    procedure in which the damaged
  • portion of the knee joint (usually the inner
    side) is replaced with an artificial prosthesis.
    The particular part of the knee that needs
    replacement is restored using metal and plastic
    units.
  • Table of contents
  • Feel free to skip ahead if one topic catches your
    eye
  • What is Partial Knee Replacement?
  • Latest Advancement in Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Types of Partial Knee Replacement approaches
  • What to expect From Partial Knee Replacement
    Surgery?
  • Precautions After Knee Replacement surgery
  • Takeaway
  • What is partial knee replacement?
  • Partial knee replacement surgery is a good
    alternative to a full knee replacement procedure
    where the specific components of the damaged knee
    joint are replaced with prosthetics.
  • Who needs it?
  • People with osteoarthritis of the knee
  • The knee damage is limited to only one
    compartment of the knee
  • If the pain in your knee has not responded to
    medicines
  • Knee pain persists in spite of a healthy
    lifestyle and an optimum weight
  • The anterior cruciate ligament of the knee is
    unscathed.

3
  • The radiology findings correspond with the
    symptoms
  • Latest Advancement in Knee Replacement Surgery
  • Today, advancements in knee arthroplasty or knee
    surgery have progressed to develop the technique
    of the surgery as well as offer the best possible
    experience to the patient. Also known as uni
    Compartmental knee replacement, the factors that
    affect the outcome are important
  • Some of them include
  • Enhancing patient selection
  • Optimizing preoperative care
  • Enhancing efficiency with AI and robotics
  • Taking implant design to the next level with 3D
    printing
  • Enhancing patient selection
  • The presence of an established knee impairment
    affecting knee function
  • Presence of an abnormal knee pathology that can
    be ascribed to the symptoms such as pain,
    impaired mobility, etc

4
  • The severity of the disease- Those with damage
    confined to a particular component of the knee
  • A joint condition affecting the quality of life
    including daily activities such as mobility,
    walking, etc
  • The knee operation cost will depend on the type
    of replacement.
  • Optimize preoperative care
  • Optimizing pre-operative care is an integral part
    of improving and maintaining and maximizing
    post-operative recovery. Preoperative approaches
    that positively influence the outcomes include
  • Exercise and fitness
  • Physiotherapist supervised exercise intervention
  • Acupuncture
  • Medical optimization that includes
  • Diabetes management- Monitoring HbA1C and keeping
    it lower than 6
  • BMI less than 45 to prevent wound healing
    complications, cardiovascular complications,
    renal failure, and infection
  • Cardiovascular management- Stopping anticoagulant
    drugs after consultation with a cardiologist
  • Blood transfusion timing

5
  • The use of artificial intelligence and robotics
    in knee arthroplasty has the following
  • benefits
  • Has smaller incisions
  • The surrounding tissues of the joint are left
    undisturbed
  • Helps the surgeon to plan for 3D bone
    reconstruction
  • Enable ligament evaluation during surgery
  • Improve the alignment and positioning of the
    prosthesis
  • Taking Implant Design to the Next Level with 3D
    Printing.
  • Knee arthroplasty has been taken to a whole
    another level with 3D printing. The
    incorporation of 3D printing enables
  • The best quality high-resolution imaging of the
    knee
  • Generating a computer model of the patients
    existing joint
  • Creating a 3D image of the prospective joint
  • Joint placement using a surgical approach wherein
    the positioning, tilting, and fixing of the
    prosthesis is greatly enhanced in quality with 3D
    guided technology

6
  • The procedure is mostly performed in older
    patients with a low BMI (less than 60 years)
  • The implant is kept in place after preparing and
    shaping the knee bone and the tibia
  • If you do not have rheumatoid arthritis, have
    intact ligaments, then the procedure is right
    for you.
  • Right total knee arthroplasty or a one on the
    left side may be performed
  • Patellofemoral knee replacement
  • For people with knee damage that is localized to
    the anterior aspect of the knee, patellofemoral
    knee replacement is the right procedure.
  • This procedure replaces the kneecap on the
    anterior part of the knee
  • A prosthetic knee cap is fixed along with the
    corresponding joint surface to ensure smooth
    movement
  • If you have problems with climbing stairs,
    walking on raised surfaces, bending the knee,
    etc, then this is the right type for you.
  • The duration of hospital stay is lesser than that
    of a total knee replacement
  • Bicompartmental knee replacement
  • Also known as bicompartmental knee surfacing,
    this procedure offers a better range of motion
    and is less invasive than a total knee
    replacement

7
  • Medial knee pain exercises and other activities
    to improve joint mobility
  • Swelling will subside after a few weeks
  • Physiotherapy and motion exercises will be a part
    of your rehabilitation to strengthen knee
    muscles
  • Continue pain medications and other prescriptions
    as instructed by the doctor
  • The knee operation cost will depend on your joint
    condition and the type of surgery required
  • Precautions to take after partial knee
    replacement surgery
  • Avoid activities such as running and jumping
  • Stay away from high impact activities and
    aerobics
  • Takeaway
  • Aashlok hospital has been synonymous with the
    best patient care for quite some time now. Our
    specialists value patient health and the standard
    of care as their priority. Our support staff is
    also fully equipped to help you throughout the
    time you consult with us. Your health and safety
    is our priority and we strive to always provide
    the most advanced and safe treatments possible
    to improve your quality of life.
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